Microsoft Excel formulas with examples

Can Microsoft Excel formulas be easy to learn? Yep! This tutorial explains the very basics of Excel formulas for beginners, with detailed steps on how to write and use them. It also provides a number of advanced formula examples for experienced users. You will be amazed how simple creating formulas in Excel actually is.

If asked what Microsoft Excel is about, what would be your answer? Right, it's all about storing and crunching numbers. You can use Excel to calculate percentages and compound interest, count and sum cells based on specific criteria, find average, and even get a sample deviation of a given set of values. All this can be done by using Excel formulas.

In this tutorial, we are going to learn the basics of creating and using formulas in Excel. And because one of the most efficient ways to learn is through practice, we will also discuss a number of formulas examples to make things easier to understand. Here's a list of topics we are going to cover:

Microsoft Excel formulas - the basics

In MS Excel, formulas are equations that perform various calculations in your worksheets. Though Microsoft has introduced a handful of new functions over the years, the concept of Excel spreadsheet formulas is the same in all versions of Excel 2016, Excel 2013, Excel 2010, Excel 2007 and lower.

  • All Excel formulas begin with an equal sign (=).
  • After the equal symbol, you enter either a calculation or function. For example, to add up values in cells B1 through B5, you can either:
    • Type the entire equation: =B1+B2+B3+B4+B5
    • Use the SUM function: =SUM(B1:B5)
  • Press the Enter key to complete the formula. Done!

Microsoft Excel formulas

Elements of Microsoft Excel formulas

When you make a formula in Excel, you can use different elements to supply the source data to the formula and indicate what operators should be performed on those data. Depending on the formula type that you create, it can include any or all of the following parts:

  • Constants - numbers or text values that you enter directly in a formula, like =2*3.
  • Cell references - reference to a cell containing the value you want to use in your Excel formula, e.g. =SUM(A1, A2, B5).

    To refer to data in two or more contiguous cells, use a range reference like A1:A5. For example, to sum values in all cell between A1 and A5, inclusive, use this formula:

  • Names - defined name for a cell range, constant, table, or function, for example =SUM(my_name).
  • Functions - predefined formulas in Excel that perform calculations using the values supplied in their arguments.
  • Operators - special symbols that specify the type of operation or calculation to be performed.

Basic elements of Excel formulas

Operators in Excel worksheet formulas

To tell Microsoft Excel what type of operation you want to perform in a formula, you use special symbols that are technically called operators. There exist 4 types of operators in Excel:

Using arithmetic operators in Excel formulas

These operators are used to perform basic mathematical operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.

Operator Meaning Formula example
+ (plus sign) Addition =A2+B2
- (minus sign) Subtraction
Negation (reversing the sign)
=-A2 (changes the sign of the value in A2)
* (asterisk) Multiplication =A2*B2
/ (forward slash) Division =A2/B2
% (percent sign) Percentage =A2*10%
(returns 10% of the value in A2)
^ (caret) Exponential (power of) =A2^3
(raises the number in A2 to the power of 3)

For example, if you have an item price in cell A2 and VAT in cell B2, you can calculate the VAT amount by using the following percentage formula: =A2*B2
Using mathematical operators in Excel formulas

Comparison operators in Excel formulas

In Microsoft Excel formulas, comparison, or logical, operators are used to compare two values. The result of the comparison is always a logical value of TRUE or FALSE. The following logical operators are available in Excel:

Comparison operator Meaning Formula example
= Equal to =A2=B2
<> Not equal to =A2<>B2
> Greater than =A2>B2
< Less than =A2<B2
>= Greater than or equal to =A2>=B2
<= Less than or equal to =A2<=B2

For example, formula =A1=B1 returns TRUE if cells A1 and B1 contain the same value (number, text or date), FALSE otherwise.

For more information and examples of using comparison operators in MS Excel formulas, please check out the following tutorial: Excel logical operators - equal to, not equal to, greater than, less than.

Text concatenation operator

Text concatenation operator in Excel is the ampersand symbol (&). You can use it to join two or more text strings in a single string.

For example, if you have country codes in column A and telephone numbers in column B, you can use the following formula to get the telephone numbers combined with the country codes:

=A1&" "&B1

In the above formula, we concatenate a space " " in between to make the numbers better readable:
Using the text concatenation operator in Excel formulas

The same result can be achieved by using the CONCATENATE function, and the following tutorial explains all the details: How to combine text strings, cells and columns in Excel.

Reference operators in Excel formulas and functions

To supply rages to MS Excel formulas and separate arguments in Excel functions, the following operators are used.

Colon (:) - it is a range operator that allows you to make one reference for multiple cells located between 2 cells that you specify.

For example, range A1:A00 includes 100 cells from A1 through A100. To find an average of those 100 cells, you use the following formula: =AVERAGE(A1:A00)

You can also refer to the entire column (A:A) or the entire row (1:1). For example, the following formula finds the total of all numbers in column A: =SUM(A:A). Find more about whole-column and whole-row references.

Comma (,) - is used to separate arguments in Excel spreadsheet formulas. For example, the formula =IF(A1>0, "good", "bad") reads as follows: if A1 is greater than zero, return "good", otherwise "bad".

Note. Comma is the default List Separator in North America and some other countries. In European countries, comma is reserved as the Decimal Symbol and the List Separator is usually set to semicolon (;). In this case, you need to separate a function's arguments with semicolons, e.g. =IF(A1>0; "good"; "bad").

So, if you are trying to make a formula in your worksheet, but Excel does not accept it and throws up an "invalid formula" error, go to your Regional Settings (Control Panel > Region and Language > Additional Settings) and check what symbol is set as List Separator there. It is that symbol that you need to use to separate arguments in your Excel formulas.

Space - it is an intersection operator that lets you get the cell(s) common to the two references that you specify. For example, if you a list of items in column A and some related data in other columns, you can get a value at the
intersection of a given column and row by using a formula like this: =B3:D3 C2:C4
Use the intersection operator to get a cell common to the two references that you specify.

For a real-life formula example, see how you can do two-way lookup in Excel by using named ranges & space operator.

Excel formula types

Formulas that you create in your Excel spreadsheets can be simple or complex:

  • Simple Excel formulas perform just one mathematical operation, for example =10*5 or =SUM(A1:A10)
  • Complex (advanced) Excel formulas include more than one calculation, for example =10*5+20 or =SUM(A1:A10)/2

Further on in this tutorial, you will find the detailed steps for making both types of Excel spreadsheet formulas.

How to create formulas in Excel

As already mentioned, any Excel formula starts with the equal sign (=). So, whatever formula you are going to write, begin by typing = either in the destination cell or in the Excel formula bar. And now, let's have a closer look at how you can make different formulas in Excel.

How to create simple formulas in Excel

Although simple Excel formulas perform just one calculation, they can do this in many different ways. You can supply the source data as constants, cell references, or defined names, and perform calculations by using mathematical operators or Excel functions. For detailed steps, please see the following resources:

How to create advanced formulas in Excel

When you have some experience with simple Excel formulas, you may want to perform several calculations within a single formula. And the following examples show how you can do this.

Creating complex formulas with constants and mathematic operators

For a complex Excel formula to calculate correctly, certain operations must be performed before others. The default order of operations in Excel formulas is this:

  • Mathematical operations enclosed in parenthesis
  • Power of (exponential calculations)
  • Multiplication and division, whichever comes first in a formula
  • Addition and subtraction, whichever comes first in a formula

For example, you can use the following formulas to calculate the total and commission:
Complex Excel formulas with constants and mathematic operators

And now, let's break down these formulas to see how Microsoft Excel calculates them:

Total formula: =$B2*$D2+$B2*$D2*$C2

  • 1st multiplication: $B2*$D2 (price*qty. = amount)
  • 2nd and 3rd multiplications: $B2*$D2*$C2 (price*qty.*VAT % = VAT amount)
  • Addition: amount + VAT amount = total

Commission formula: =($B2*$D2+$B2*$D2*$C2)*10%

To calculate the 10% commission, you need to multiply the total by 10%, so you enclose the previous calculation in brackets, and got the result you want.

Of course, nothing prevents you from multiplying the total already calculated in column E by 10%, in this case the formula would reduce to a simple calculation =E2*10%. However, in large worksheets, it makes sense to write independently calculated formulas, so that removing a column with one formula wouldn't break the others.

Excel formulas with nested functions

In Microsoft Excel formulas, nesting one function within another means using one function as an argument of another function. In modern versions of Excel 2016, 2013, 2010 and 2010, you can use up to 64 nested functions. In older versions of Excel 2003 and lower, only up to 7 levels of functions are allowed.

Here is a very simple example of a nested Excel formula that includes the SUM function to find the total, and ROUND function to round that number to the nearest integer (0 decimal places):

An example of Excel formula with nested functions

Of all Excel functions, IF is nested more often than all others. As you probably know, the IF function is used to evaluate a specified condition and return one value when condition is met, and another value when the condition is not met. However, quote often you have to deal with situations where there are more than two possible outcomes. And if this case, you can write several IF functions and nest them into each other:
Using nested IF functions in Excel

For the detailed explanation of nested IF's syntax and advanced formula examples, please check out the following tutorial: Using nested IF functions in Excel.

Array formulas in Excel

Array formulas in Excel are advanced aerobatics. A single Excel array formula can perform thousands of calculations and replace hundreds of usual formulas. Learning array formulas certainly requires some time and effort, but it's worth it.

Since this tutorial is purposed for beginners, I won't intimidate you by the definitions of array constants and complex multi-line formulas. I'll show just one very simple example of an Excel array formula that demonstrates what they are capable for.

Supposing you have 2 columns of numbers, column A and B. And you want to know how many times column B is greater than or equal to column A when a value in column B is greater than 0.

This task requires comparing two ranges and you can do this by using the following array formula:

=SUM((B2:B10>=A2:A10) * (B2:B10>0))
An example of an Excel array formula

Note. To enter an Excel array formula correctly, you have to press Ctrl+Shift+Enter instead of conventional Enter stroke.

To learn more about Excel array formulas, please see the following tutorials:

Excel user defined functions

Although Microsoft Excel has hundreds of built in functions, you still may find yourself faced with a challenge for which no predefined Excel function exists. In this case, you can create that function yourself... or have somebody create it for you :)

Such custom functions are called User Defined Functions (UDFs), and they are especially useful for advanced mathematic or engineering calculations. Like macros, user defined functions are written in VBA (Visual Basic for Applications). As an example, you can review and download custom functions created by our team to count and sum cells by color.

Absolute, relative and mixed cell references in Excel formulas

There exist 3 types of cell references in Excel: absolute ($A$1), relative (A1) and mixed ($A1 or A$1). All three of the above references refer to the same cell, and the dollar sign ($) is used only for one purpose - it tells Microsoft Excel whether to change or not to change cell references when the formula is moved or copied to other cells.

Absolute cell reference ($A$1) - the $ sign before the row and column coordinates makes a reference static, and lets you copy a formula without changing references.

Relative cell reference (A1) - a cell reference with no $ sign changes based on relative position of rows and columns in a spreadsheet.

Mixed cell reference - can be of 2 types:

  • Absolute column and relative row ($A1) - the $ sign in front of the column letter locks the reference to the specified column, so the column never changes. The relative row reference, without the dollar sign, changes depending on the row to which the formula is copied.
  • Relative column and absolute row (A$1) - the row's reference locked by $ doesn't change, and the column's reference does.

The following image shows how different reference types work in practice.
Absolute, relative and mixed cell references in Excel formulas

For more information about Excel cell reference and more formula examples, please see Why use $ in Excel formulas - absolute and relative cell references.

Tips and time-saving shortcuts for Excel formulas

Formulas in Excel are a powerful multi-faceted tool, and they can solve a great variety of tasks in your spreadsheets. Of course, learning various aspects of Microsoft Excel formulas and functions does take time, so you might feel there isn't enough time in the day to learn everything. Well, a good way to find more time is to save some time :)

  • To toggle between absolute, relative and mixed references in a formula, use the F4 key as demonstrated in Switching between reference types in Excel.
  • To view all formulas on the sheet, click the Show formulas button on the Formulas tab > Formula Auditing group or press the Ctrl+~ shortcut.
  • To edit a formula, press F2, or double click a cell, or click the formula bar.
  • To debug formulas in Excel, select a formula part and press F9. This will let you see the actual values behind cell references.
  • To copy a formula to all cells in a column, enter the formula in the first cell, select that cell, and hover the cursor over the small square in bottom right corner until it changes to a black cross (which is called
    the fill handle). Double click that cross, and you will get the formula copied through the entire column.
  • To convert formulas to values, select all cells with formulas that you want to convert, press Ctrl+C to copy those formulas, then press Shift+F10, then press V, and then hit Enter. Shift + F10 + V is the shortcut for Excel's Paste special - values only. If you are not sure you will remember this shortcut, then simply press a usual shortcut for paste Ctrl+V, click the small arrow to the right of the Paste button to open the drop-down list, and select Paste Values. For more information, see How to replace formulas with their values in Excel.

Microsoft Excel formulas with examples

Excel provides formulas for almost anything, and there exist tens or even hundreds of different functions in modern versions of Microsoft Excel. So, if you encounter a task for which you cannot work out a solution, most likely you are missing out on a formula that can do it for you. Before spending hours and hours on performing manual calculations, take a few minutes to review the following resources. It is a selection of the most popular MS Excel formulas with examples, grouped by categories.

Excel percentage formula

Excel sum formulas

Count formula in Excel

Average formula in Excel

Excel date formulas

Time formulas in Excel

Excel formulas for VLOOKUP

Excel conditional formatting formulas

Well, we seem to have finally got to the end. What was planned as a short Excel formula tutorial for beginners has nearly turned into a voluminous manual because there are so many different aspects of Excel formulas to cover. I am really thankful to everyone who has read this page to the end!

143 responses to "Microsoft Excel formulas with examples"

  1. santosh kumar maurya says:


  2. Samimi says:


    can you plz send me a formula for the below example

    An employee salary is 120000 so he will pay tax like
    1- 5000 = 0 tax
    2- 5001 - 12500 = 7500 x 2% = 150
    3- 12501 - 100000 = 87500 x 10% = 8750
    4- 20000 = 20000 x 20% = 4000

    so the total is 0+150+8750+4000= 12900

    waiting for your reply

    • Md Javed Akhtar says:

      =IF(K1<5000,0,K1-5000)*2%-IF(K1<12500,0,K1-12500)*2%+IF(K1<12500,0,K1-12500)*10%+IF(K1100000 and Percentage will be variable 20%-10%

      down four formula has been combined with + which is showing above


  3. Samimi says:

    means if an employee salary is
    1- up to 5000 so 0% tax
    2- from 5001 up to 12500 2% tax
    3- from 12501 up to 100000 10% tax
    4- more than 100000 20% tax

  4. Tabish Hussain says:

    This formula is reyaly work Great work

  5. Dharmendra Yadav says:

    learn in excel formulas

  6. Michael says:

    Another comparison operator, that must be mentioned, is ”between”. Formula for interval between 4 and 7 is: AND(A1>4, A1<7)

  7. Samantha says:

    What is the two types of components of formula that start in Letter O?


    Please Send All Formula use excel sheet.

  9. OM PRAKASH says:

    i want know the all of excel formulas

  10. VISHAL says:

    how to use in excel 2 nos*2500=5000

  11. Daniel Kaguongo says:

    Very good stuff. I have learnt a lot.

    Thank you All

  12. Margaret says:

    how do I enter a formula for the following
    Column A $5,000
    Column B gets 2500 Column C gets the difference I want Column d & E to calculate %. I also want to be able to change $ amount in B and have the $ amount and % automatically change based on whether I change $ or % amounts.

  13. Hina Bhatt says:

    plz send all vlookup & Hlookup formula with example, and micro command from beginer

  14. Nadeem says:

    How to minus ex : 15% margin in investment amount
    Need the excel formula

  15. FILEX says:

    OBALE 45 86 95 98 98 422 45 98
    ASALE 87 67 76 98 88 416 67 98
    OPETO 56 34 32 43 67 232 32 67
    ATWANI 88 76 78 87 76 405 76 88

    32 98

    please can someone solve for me this because these five students did the exam and these are their max. so what i need is can someone show me how to get MAX value,MIN value,AVERAGE value,POSITION value,GRADE value and RANK values. Thanks or your assistance in advance.

  16. Farhan says:

    i need some help
    if i have total amount 1000 which include 17% tax i need the true amount so what was the formula.

  17. Obum says:

    pls i wish to know the formulas for business account.

  18. JRC says:

    I have a beginning balance column that I need to Name in another column. so if "Tom's" Beginning Balance of $410 (Column E), then column H needs to identify him on the Standard Plan

    If Joe's Beginning Balance is $500 (Column E), then column H needs to identify him on the Enhanced Plan

    Thank you

  19. Julius says:

    hi. I have had a hard time making formula for the following problem in excel. can someone help?

    please give me the true formula.
    this is the problem.

    if F15 is within 0.26-0.75 and H15 is above 0.20 the value returns to "retained"

    if F15 is within 0.26-0.75 and H15 is below 0.20 the value returns to "revised"

    if F15 is not within 0.26-0.75 and H15 is above 0.20 the value returns to "revised"

    if F15 is not within 0.26-0.75 and H15 is below 0.20 the value returns to "rejected"

    I will be glad to your right response. thank u.

    • Asif says:

      This is very simple. Just try this =IF(AND(F15>=0.26,F150.2),"Retained")

    • Quindecim says:

      If you are trying to make a nested formula for these situations then try this (since you haven't indicated whether the value of 0.20 is in above or below category, I have assumed it is above):

    • Quindecim says:


      • Quindecim says:

        I swear its glitching. Actual formula keeps changing.

      • Quindecim says:

        I swear its glitching. Actual formula keeps changing.

  20. PRAVEEN says:

    Level 0 If % of marks secured is LESS 40%
    Level 1 If % of marks secured is from 40% to 49.9%
    Level 2 If % of marks secured is from 50% to 59.9%
    Level 3 If % of marks secured is from60% to 69.9%
    Level 4 If % of marks secured is from70% to 79.9%
    Level 5 If % of marks secured is equal to 80% and above

    FOR EX

    PERCENTAGE 75 83 82 41 39

    LEVELS HAVE TO DISPLAY in levels column


    very nice teaching

  22. neha says:

    Very nice formula of excel

  23. Josef says:

    I want to get the total employee who has a salary of 1,000 - 5,000(example) how can i formulate it? thanks in advance!!

  24. Sijith says:

    Hello Joseph,
    You can use the countifs function for this.
    Where A1 to A10 is the range with employees salary

  25. paramjeet kumar rajbhar says:

    please send me vlookup formula and hlookup formula with example

  26. Tom Lyons says:

    I need to know how to: input numbers, each in its own cell.I have a formula which I execute in a cell. I make a PDF file for others to view.
    I want to see the numbers that were used in the formula to be automatically inputted into a written formula.I want this formula to be written out and shown in a cell. This will show viewers the formula with numbers that was used in execution of the formula.
    Hope you can help. Thanks.

  27. Rakesh Basumatary says:

    Hi very nice technological and teaching Excel formula simple

  28. TOSHIK JAIN says:

    If I want to add C1 & C3 and display the result in C3?

  29. gift says:

    how do I add 10% to my price using the formula

  30. Maria Ramirez says:

    Hello everyone,
    I need help with a formula, I'm trying to come up with a formula that will calculate in the same row two possible different operations.
    For example B5-C5 or B5+D5 calculate the total of ether equation depending if it's a credit or debit. I don't know if I'm making myself clear. TIA

    Due Credit Debit Balance
    $99.27 $87.40 $11.87

  31. GIFT says:

    Differentiate vividly the difference between The Two type of formulas in ms excel giving two examples

  32. nezam uddin says:

    this is vary good formula for us. I understand that.....

  33. Márcio de Souza says:

    Could anyone help me write a function or direct me to a resource that I can use to write:
    A1 * (B1 or C1 when B1 or C1 is different from zero or different from 'blank')
    The B1 or C1 values will be attributed from a pull down menu and it will be either B1 or C1)
    Thanks a million!!!

  34. Carey Etheredge says:

    I am having trouble figuring this one out. I'm trying to get I34=0 when cell F34=0 but when F34>160 I need it to put what is in Cell H34.

  35. Marissa says:

    I am working on splitting a track of land into parcels. The track of land has an amount money tied to it. Each parcel will be split from the larger whole based on acres. The money will then be split based on the acres of the parcels. Setting up the excel formulas isn't the problem. I seem to be ending up with more money than I started with. How is that possible? Is this a decimal issue? I end up with about $117 more than the whole started with.

    Thanks, Marissa

  36. Prithesh says:

    How to count poor grade using count if function

  37. Monchi says:

    I don't understand anything here

  38. max says:

    what is the formula for this in Ms exel "(8.3*10^3)/9"

    • Kanak jaiswal says:

      Please send me 2 example of each other
      1 Multiplication
      2 subtraction
      3 Division
      Plz help me fast please anyone tell me👱😂😂😭😒🤔🤔

  39. Younis says:


    can you plz send me a formula for the below:-
    i have purchased Atta 1500 kgs for 5029 persons, scale of atta per man is 0.700 gm, i want to know how many persons are covered from total persons 5029

  40. Uttam Karmakar says:

    Pls. help with a detailed example for ^ symbol

  41. Ombeva Morgan says:

    well ive gotten the needed basics in Excel and congratulate the examples,formula etc,thanks Google.

  42. Bayisa Shibiru says:

    please create the simplest way how to calculate different calculations!

  43. mahesh says:

    (2947552.44+10%*0.05%+12%+1)/63.10 formula kese lagau

  44. Saqib Amin says:

    i have a sheet as under:
    A B C
    Vehicle Petrol Diesel
    700 60 0
    800 80 0
    345 0 90
    700 50 0
    800 75 0
    500 0 50
    345 0 80
    700 40

    i want all values of 700
    Vehicle Petrol
    e.g: 700 60
    Please what kind of formula can solve my this problem

    • Hello, Saqib,

      If your data range is A1:C9, please enter 700 in cell E2, paste the following array formula in the adjacent cell (F2) and press Ctrl + Shift + Enter to complete it:


      Then copy the formula down along column F to see all the matching values for Vehicle 700.

      You can find more details how to Vlookup to return multiple matches in this blog post.

      Hope this information will be helpful for you.

  45. Jewel says:

    can you please send me a formula for the below,
    Credit card outstanding is 1000 usd (for example) he/she have to pay minimum bill 50 USD or 2% whichever is higher. please need your cooperation .

  46. James Coon says:


  47. Amit Lalchand Kamwani says:

    Al Wukair 3.50 Al Wukair 3.00 Al Wukair 2.00 Al Wukair 6.00 Al Jeryan 3.00 Al Jeryan 3.00 Al Jeryan 3.00

    above data is in horizontal i.e. in rows. number defined are overtime hours. how to sum for each location.

    advance thanks.
    amit lalchand kamwani

  48. MUSA says:

    FORMULAR FOR MEAN IN CELL 3, IF CELL 1 = 20000, CELL 2=80000

  49. khara says:


  50. shridhar says:

    how to Calculate Gst Percentage Amount in below 1000 rupees and Above 1000 rupees ?
    per example 900 rupees is 5 % gst and 1000 rupees is 12% gst

  51. shridhar says:

    I have sheet under
    how to Calculate 1000 Rupees Above 12% and below 1000 Rupees is 5% .

    • Doug says:

      Will this work?
      Where "Before MRP Value" is in column A.
      The sample is in cell A5 the formula looks like this:
      It says, "If the value in A5 is less than or equal to 1000 then multiply it times 5%, otherwise multiply it times 12%."

  52. shridhar says:

    please send me formula

  53. UMAR SALISU says:

    please how do i calculate this in excel.

    0.98*In(1/0.98) + 0.02*In(1/0.02)

    • Doug says:

      If I'm reading this right the method is:
      In the cell you want to display the result enter
      Take the "In" out of the formula.
      If you need to display it in the result you can concatenate the "In" to the result with this formula
      =0.98*(1/0.98)+0.02*(1/0.02)&" In". Not the space before the "In".
      If you're trying to use the natural log function in Excel its symbol is LN and the formula looks like:

  54. Syam says:

    Please Help me to Solve this

    I am entering 10 in cell B4 after entering the value the result should be 500*10bin the B4.

  55. says:

    Actually I need help
    So please help me

    • says:

      If A1+C1+E1 same more row ,but how I want sum ,I use which formula,if I want same
      =A1+C1+E1+G1 so many times give

  56. Tamal kar says:

    What is the correct formulae or function of @SUM(B1::B5)

  57. SATISH says:

    Iam facing a problem in excel, I have two excel sheets column 1 in both sheets having same data but small variation like product name in one sheet Q18nuxa2- lhj and in other sheet q18nux -lhf but I want replace total data in column 1 of sheet1 with sheet 2 data. Any formula or shortcut keys i have a bulk data . so please help me any tips.

  58. eric says:

    How to convert numbers into words in excell

    As in P 500.30 to Five Hundred Pesos and Thirty Centavos Only

    Thank you

  59. Ayush says:

    How can we assign values to variables so that they can be used in a=2000
    B=30000 and write a and b or other variables in excel and perform mathematical operations.

  60. Mhoka Isaac says:

    May you please help. how can I create a formula to get a total percentage mark in the following example, 50/80 contributes 75%, while 30/80 contributes 25% to the total mark. I am a beginner

  61. kibuuka raymond says:

    may you please can learn how to publish the all formulas so that i can learn the basis

  62. chanmaye says:

    Nice lessons, thanks alot



  64. SP Marni says:

    In exel

    The condition is, if any 1 of the 3 is 100% & above, reward is 1000/-, if any 2 of the 3 are 100% & above, reward is 3000/- and if all the 3 are 100% & above reward is 6000/- how to write a formula

  65. Harish Kumar Agrawal says:

    Let us suppose for a full 3 trip the amount to be paid is Rs-53 than what will be calculation if it is a partial trip as per below

    Partial Trip Deduction in amount
    86-95% 15%
    76-85% 30%
    61-75% 50%
    51-60% 60%
    26-50% 80%
    0-25% 100%

    in such case which excel formulae can be used.

  66. pranav says:

    what shall i need to do for assigning work in excel. for eg. 2000 count has to be assigned to 9 people,each person has to get the same count

  67. Viju says:

    Very usefull

  68. Utkur says:

    Thank you anyway!!!

  69. LN says:

    What is the function FPPRA calculating? Meaning, how is the result of (d,j) calculated?

  70. Anshul says:

    Formula of add A3 & D3 in G1

  71. dylan rees says:


    Obviously this is wrong but im not experienced enough to correct it.
    Basically i have column B with a name And Column H with either "Yes" or Blank.
    I need to write a formula for if theres The name and Yes in column H. it equals 1 on a different sheet.
    Reqs is the tab columb B is the names and H is Yes or blank
    Any advice?
    Thanks in advance.

    • khrlagst says:

      If you only wanted to count how many "YES", just type =COUNTIF(Reqs!H1:H1000,"YES), but if you want to count if column be has name =COUNTA(Reqs!B1:B1000)

  72. ajay dubey says:

    Dear Sir,
    Pelase suggest me the formula for:
    1) 90 - 100% 10 point
    2) 80-90% 09 point
    3) 70- 80% 08 point
    3) 70- 80% 07 point
    4) upto 59% 06 point

    in a 10 point scale

  73. andy says:

    if i want to calculate 87% of 750.00,what formula will i use please...

  74. Greg says:

    How can I write an average function using two columns example I what to find the average of column e7 to e55 and I 7 to i 55. both columns are figure to get one average.

  75. Koushik Paul says:

    this many formulas how can i write in exam
    hall today?

  76. SANTANU MANNA says:

    28735 14/03/19 HOT MILK 1 Rs 40.00 Rs 40.00 #309
    28740 14/03/19 MUTTON CURRY 1 Rs 255.00 Rs 255.00 #215
    28740 14/03/19 KADHAI PANEER 1 Rs 185.00 Rs 185.00 #215
    28749 14/03/19 HOT MILK 1 Rs 40.00 Rs 40.00 #109
    79303 14/03/19 M/S T-UP 1 Rs 60.00 Rs 60.00 #106
    36598 14/03/19 GOBHI PARATHA 3 Rs 100.00 Rs 300.00 #004
    36598 14/03/19 IDLI 2 Rs 75.00 Rs 150.00 #004
    36598 14/03/19 APPLE 2 Rs 25.00 Rs 50.00 #004
    36598 14/03/19 HOT MILK 1 Rs 40.00 Rs 40.00 #004
    36664 14/03/19 IDLI 1 Rs 75.00 Rs 75.00 #004
    36674 14/03/19 CHICKEN HAKKA NOODLE 1 Rs 185.00 Rs 185.00 #004
    36690 15/03/19 HOT MILK 1 Rs 40.00 Rs 40.00 #004
    79325 15/03/19 EGG CURRY 1 Rs 150.00 Rs 150.00 #206
    36755 15/03/19 BANANA MILK SHAKE 1 Rs 135.00 Rs 135.00 #004
    36686 15/03/19 BANANA 2 Rs 15.00 Rs 30.00 #004
    36756 15/03/19 ONION PAKODA 3 Rs 150.00 Rs 450.00 #004
    36762 15/03/19 VEG HAKKA NOODLE 1 Rs 140.00 Rs 140.00 #004
    28560 15/03/19 EGG ROLL 1 Rs 115.00 Rs 115.00 #206
    28554 15/03/19 P/A JUICE 1 Rs 150.00 Rs 150.00 #103
    28558 15/03/19 KAJU FRY 1 Rs 200.00 Rs 200.00 #106
    28558 15/03/19 EGG ROLL 1 Rs 115.00 Rs 115.00 #106
    28504 15/03/19 CHICKEN KASSA 1 Rs 245.00 Rs 245.00 #106
    36768 16/03/19 APPLE 2 Rs 25.00 Rs 50.00 #004


  77. Amo marfo says:

    What formula will I use to multiple the value in cell A1 on the current worksheet by the value in cell A1 on sheet2

  78. sharathsurya says:

    1002+6=(1003-1008).i wont this method formula

  79. Mukesh says:

    Very good nice lesson

  80. DRS Yadav says:

    If yearly instalmet Rs.1000/- for 5 year and interest rate is 5%.What will be formula for calculate maturity value for 5 or any year on yearly compounding basis?

  81. james says:

    every first 3kg = 45 dollars
    after 3kg and every .00001 to 1kg= ill add 15 dollars
    for example
    3.01 = 45 (first 3kg) + 15 (.01kg=will become 1kg)= 60 dollars
    11.09 = 45(first 3 kg) + 15*9 (1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+(.09=1kg) = 180 dollars

  82. DERRICK MUTALE says:


  83. Jeff says:

    Trying to figure out how to make a formula for the following:
    Column B Cells input will range from 1 to 50
    Column C will be total points based on Column B input.
    Example 1 = 200, 2 = 98, 3 = 96 and so on.
    So it would look like this:
    Driver Qualifying Points
    Name 1 200
    Name 2 198

  84. john says:

    I have a formula in my excel to show quantity shipped or in backordered but this only works when the total qty is either shipped or not. As you can see not partials are been taking into account. See existing formula

    I would like to add or have the formula to calculate the barkorder left
    Column A is 20 and when it changed to 14 I would like to have this formula to say or changed to 6 ON BACK ORDER
    Can you assist me with this ? I appreciate your help


    what is the farmula for 87*10-34%

  86. Nayan Mochahary says:

    I like to study excel the practice. hi,

  87. leonard says:

    1 4TH A.19 1 2 3 4 5 2356 ?? 1 2 3 4 5 ??
    2 12TH J. 19 3 4 3 7 10 3468 ?? 2 5 8 2 9 ??
    2 29TH M, 19 3 4 3 7 10 2478 ?? 3 4 3 7 10 ??

    please i need the formula. i have over 47000 rows in each file to update and tired of entering this one by one because i know there must be a formula

  88. LEONARD says:

    Saturday 4th February 2006 JAMES 78 83 67 63 291 2.91
    Saturday 22nd August 2015 JOHN 98 82 89 82 351 3.51
    Saturday 10th August 2013 EMMA 67 75 47 89 278 2.78

    JAMES 78 83 67 63
    Saturday 22nd August 2015 JOHN 98 82 89 82 351 3.51
    EMMA 67 75 47 89



  89. Rohit says:

    if code starts with 4-fu in ACell than its B cells should be 4-pcs
    Stitching charges
    Stitch - OH
    plz suggest me a formula for this

  90. JUSTATRY says:


  91. Christ says:

    I want find the min from row x to row x -20
    Is there any formula for cell reference?
    EX Cell = column(row) which numbers of row and column are created by other formula
    A22 = A(x-5) with x = 27 created from other formula

  92. usman says:

    its wrong and not working.but i share do you understand what i want...
    i want to add two REPLACE Formula in one cell!and i have some data in lines so i want to change using this formula.Please help me and tell me if it possible?

  93. dauda says:

    Is very good,thank you sir.

  94. Gerald says:

    can you please send me a formula for the below using macro excel

  95. Laxman Kumat says:

    Great Svetalana,
    I am always a fan of your enlightened articles, your explanation is so amazing. BTW I have always been confused about the absolute reference but your team opens my brain about the absolute reference that how to put this in the formula and show the result. In the future, I will use your articles for teaching to students so that they grasp the knowledge about excel. Thanking you for the great explanation.

    i want to article about speedometer charts pls can you help me.


  96. dilini says:

    How to sum of put Rs sign Amounts

  97. pratap says:

    can u help me how create a formula for below value
    Cell A1 value = -24
    cell b1 value = 4
    how to calculate the differential between these to values

  98. Nabil says:

    I have a question said to me during my friend interview about Excel, the interviewer asked him " Which type of Excel formula do you use?"
    Honestly, my friend didn't answer that question and subsequently he missed the job.

    So what is the correct answer for questions like that.

    Best regards

  99. PK says:


    i need a formula to remove kilogram in tons in excel .

    I brought an Item weight off 26000 tons and i need to remove 5 kilograms from each ton.

  100. BK Dubey says:

    I dont know how to put formula....
    if basic + DA is upto 15000 then PF will be 12% and if more than 15000 it will also be 12%
    sir, what will be the formula in xls

    • Hello!
      I’m sorry but your task is not entirely clear to me. You have the result of fulfilling any condition - 12%.
      For me to be able to help you better, please describe your task in more detail. Please specify what you were trying to find, what formula you used and what problem or error occurred. Give an example of the source data and the expected result.
      It’ll help me understand it better and find a solution for you.

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