How to use Excel SUMIFS and SUMIF with multiple criteria

This tutorial explains the difference between the SUMIF and SUMIFS functions in terms of their syntax and usage, and provides a number of formula examples to sum values with multiple AND / OR criteria in Excel 365, 2021, 2019, 2016, 2013, 2010, and lower.

As everyone knows, Microsoft Excel provides an array of functions to perform various calculations with data. A few articles ago, we explored COUNTIF and COUNTIFS, which are designed for counting cells based on a single condition and several conditions, respectively. Last week we covered Excel SUMIF that adds values meeting the specified criteria. Now it's time to go over the plural version of SUMIF - Excel SUMIFS that allows summing values by multiple criteria.

Those who are familiar with the SUMIF function might think that converting it to SUMIFS takes just an extra "S" and a few additional criteria. This would seem quite logical… but "logical" it's not always the case when dealing with Microsoft : )

Excel SUMIF function - syntax & usage

The SUMIF function is used to conditionally sum values based on a single criteria. We discussed the SUMIF syntax in detail in the previous article, and here's just a quick refresher.

SUMIF(range, criteria, [sum_range])
  • range - the range of cells to be evaluated by your criteria, required.
  • criteria - the condition that must be met, required.
  • sum_range - the cells to sum if the condition is met, optional.

As you see, the syntax of the Excel SUMIF function allows for one condition only. And still, we say that Excel SUMIF can be used to sum values with multiple criteria. How can that be? By adding the results of several SUMIF functions and by using SUMIF formulas with array criteria, as demonstrated in the examples that follow.

Excel SUMIFS function - syntax & usage

You use SUMIFS in Excel to find a conditional sum of values based on multiple criteria. The SUMIFS function was introduced in Excel 2007 and is available in all subsequent versions of Excel 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, 2021, and Excel 365.

Compared to SUMIF, the SUMIFS syntax is a little bit more complex:

SUMIFS(sum_range, criteria_range1, criteria1, [criteria_range2, criteria2], …)

The first 3 arguments are mandatory, additional ranges and their associated criteria are optional.

  • sum_range - one or more cells to sum, required. This can be a single cell, a range of cells or a named range. Only cells with numbers are summed; blank and text values are ignored.
  • criteria_range1 - the first range to be evaluated by the associated criteria, required.
  • criteria1 - the first condition that must be met, required. You can supply the criteria in the form of a number, logical expression, cell reference, text or another Excel function. For example you can use criteria such as 10, ">=10", A1, "cherries" or TODAY().
  • criteria_range2, criteria2, … - these are additional ranges and criteria associated with them, optional. You can use up to 127 range/criteria pairs in SUMIFS formulas.


  • For a SUMIFS formula to work correctly, all the criteria_range arguments must have the same dimension as sum_range, i.e. the same number of rows and columns.
  • The SUMIFS function works with AND logic, meaning that a cell in the sum range is summed only if it meets all of the specified criteria, i.e. all the criteria are true for that cell.

Basic SUMIFS formula

And now, let's have a look at the Excel SUMIFS formula with two conditions. Suppose, you have a table listing the consignments of fruit from different suppliers. You have the fruit names in column A, suppliers' names in column B, and quantity in column C. What you want is to find out a sum of amounts relating to a given fruit and supplier, e.g. all apples supplied by Pete.
Data to be summed with two conditions

When you're learning something new, it's always a good idea to start with simple things. So, to begin with, let's define all the arguments for our SUMIFS formula:

  • sum_range - C2:C9
  • criteria_range1 - A2:A9
  • criteria1 - "apples"
  • criteria_range2 - B2:B9
  • criteria2 - "Pete"

Now assemble the above parameters, and you will get the following SUMIFS formula:

=SUMIFS(C2:C9, A2:A9, "apples", B2:B9, "Pete")
An example of the Excel SUMIFS formula with two conditions

To refine the formula further, you can replace the text criteria "apples" and "Pete" with cell references. In this case, you won't have to change the formula to calculate the quantity of other fruit from a different supplier:

=SUMIFS(C2:C9, A2:A9, F1, B2:B9, F2)

Note. Both the SUMIF and SUMIFS functions are case-insensitive by nature. To get them to recognize the text case, please see Case-sensitive SUMIF and SUMIFS formula in Excel.

SUMIF vs. SUMIFS in Excel

Since the aim of this tutorial is to cover all possible ways to sum values by several conditions, we will discuss formula examples with both functions - Excel SUMIFS and SUMIF with multiple criteria. To use them correctly, you need to clearly understand what these two functions have in common and in what way they are different.

While the common part is clear (similar purpose and parameters), the differences are not so obvious, though very essential.

There are 4 major differences between SUMIF and SUMIFS:

  1. Number of conditions. SUMIF can evaluate just one condition at a time while SUMIFS can check for multiple criteria.
  2. Syntax. With SUMIF, the sum_range is the last and optional argument - if not defined, the values in the range argument are summed. With SUMIFS, sum_range is the first and required argument.
  3. Size of ranges. In SUMIF formulas, sum_range does not necessarily have to be of the same size and shape as range, as long as you have the top left cell right. In Excel SUMIFS, each criteria_range must contain the same number of rows and columns as the sum_range argument.

    For example, SUMIF(A2:A9,F1,C2:C18) will return the correct result because the leftmost cell in the sum_range argument (C2) is right. So, Excel will make the correction automatically and include as many columns and rows in sum_range as there are in range.

    A SUMIFS formula with unequally sized ranges will return a #VALUE! error.

  4. Availability. SUMIF is available in all Excel versions, from 365 through 2000. SUMIFS is available in Excel 2007 and higher.

Alright, enough strategy (i.e. theory), let's get into the tactics (i.e. formula examples : )

How to use SUMIFS in Excel - formula examples

A moment ago, we discussed a simple SUMIFS formula with two text criteria. In the same manner, you can use Excel SUMIFS with multiple criteria expressed by numbers, dates, logical expressions, and other Excel functions.

Example 1. Excel SUMIFS with comparison operators

In our fruit suppliers table, suppose, you want to sum all deliveries by Mike with Qty. 200 or more. To do this, you use the comparison operator "greater than or equal to" (>=) in criteria2 and get the following SUMIFS formula:

Excel SUMIFS formula with comparison operators

Note. Please pay attention that in Excel SUMIFS formulas, logical expressions with comparison operators should always be enclosed in double quotes ("").

We covered all possible comparison operators in detail when discussing Excel SUMIF function, the same operators can be used in SUMIFS criteria. For example, the following formula with return the sum of all values in cells C2:C9 that are greater than or equal to 200 and less than or equal to 300.

=SUMIFS(C2:C9, C2:C9,">=200", C2:C9,"<=300")

Example 2. Using Excel SUMIFS with dates

In case you want to sum values with multiple criteria based on the current date, use the TODAY() function in your SUMIFS criteria, as demonstrated below. The following formula sums values in column D if a corresponding date in column C falls within the last 7 days, including today:

=SUMIFS(D2:D10, C2:C10,">="&TODAY()-7, C2:C10,"<="&TODAY())
Excel SUMIFS formula for dates

Note. When you use another Excel function together with a logical operator in the criteria, you have to use the ampersand (&) to concatenate a string, for example "<="&TODAY().

In a similar fashion, you can use the Excel SUMIF function to sum values in a given date range. For example, the following SUMIFS formula adds the values in cells C2:C9 if a date in column B falls between 1-Oct-2014 and 31-Oct-2014, inclusive.

=SUMIFS(C2:C9, B2:B9, ">=10/1/2014", B2:B9, "<=10/31/2014")

The same result can be achieved by calculating the difference of two SUMIF functions, as demonstrated in this example - How to use SUMIF to sum values in a given date range. However, Excel SUMIFS is much easier and more understandable, isn't it?

Example 3. Excel SUMIFS with blank and non-blank cells

When analyzing reports and other data, you may often need to sum values corresponding either to empty or non-empty cells.

Criteria Description Formula Example
Blank cells "=" Sum values corresponding to blank cells that contain absolutely nothing - no formula, no zero length string. =SUMIFS(C2:C10, A2:A10, "=", B2:B10, "=")

Sum values in cells C2:C10 if the corresponding cells in columns A and B are absolutely empty.

"" Sum values corresponding to "visually" blank cells including those that contain empty strings returned by some other Excel function (for example, cells with a formula like =""). =SUMIFS(C2:C10, A2:A10, "", B2:B10, "")

Sum values in cells C2:C10 with the same conditions as the above formula, but includes empty strings.

Non-blank cells "<>" Sum values corresponding to non-empty cells, including zero length strings. =SUMIFS(C2:C10, A2:A10, "<>", B2:B10, "<>")

Sum values in cells C2:C10 if the corresponding cells in columns A and B are not empty, including cells with empty strings.

Sum values corresponding to non-empty cells, not including zero length strings. =SUM(C2:C10) - SUMIFS(C2:C10, A2:A10, "", B2:B10, "")

=SUM((C2:C10) * (LEN(A2:A10)>0)*(LEN(B2:B10)>0))

Sum values in cells C2:C10 if the corresponding cells in columns A and B are not empty, cells with zero length strings are not included.

And now, let's see how you can use a SUMIFS formula with "blank" and "non-blank" criteria on real data.

Suppose, you have an order date in column B, delivery date in column C and Qty. in column D. How do you find the total of products that have not been delivered yet? That is, you want to know the sum of values corresponding to non-empty cells in column B and empty cells in column C.

The solution is to use the SUMIFS formula with 2 criteria:

=SUMIFS(D2:D10, B2:B10,"<>", C2:C10,"=")
Excel SUMIFS formula for blank and non-blank cells

Using Excel SUMIF with multiple OR criteria

As noted in the beginning of this tutorial, the SUMIFS function is designed with AND logic. But what if you need to sum values with multiple OR criteria, i.e. when at least one of the conditions is met?

Example 1. SUMIF + SUMIF

The simplest solution is to sum the results returned by several SUMIF functions. For example, the following formula demonstrates how to find the total of products delivered by Mike and John:

=SUMIF(C2:C9,"Mike",D2:D9) + SUMIF(C2:C9,"John",D2:D9)
Excel SUMIF formula with multiple OR criteria

As you see, the first SUMIF function adds the quantities corresponding to "Mike", the other SUMIF function returns the amounts relating to "John" and then you add these 2 numbers.

Example 2. SUM & SUMIF with an array argument

The above solution is very simple and may get the job done quickly when there are only a couple of criteria. But a SUMIF + SUMIF formula may grow up enormously if you want to sum values with multiple OR conditions. In this case, a better approach is using an array criteria argument in the SUMIF function. Let's examine this approach now.

You can start by listing all of your conditions separated by commas and then enclose the resulting comma-separated list in {curly brackets}, which is technically called an array.

In the previous example, if you want to sum the products delivered by John, Mike and Pete, your array criteria will look like {"John","Mike","Pete"}. And the complete SUMIF function is SUMIF(C2:C9, {"John","Mike","Pete"} ,D2:D9).

The array argument consisting of 3 values forces your SUMIF formula to return three separate results, but since we write the formula in a single cell, it would return the first result only - i.e. the total of products delivered by John. To get this array-criteria approach to work, you have to use one more little trick - enclose your SUMIF formula in a SUM function, like this:

=SUM(SUMIF(C2:C9, {"John","Mike","Pete"} , D2:D9))
Using SUM & SUMIF with an array argument to sum values with multiple OR criteria

As you see, an array criteria makes the formula much more compact compared to SUMIF + SUMIF, and lets you add as many values as you like in the array.

This approach works with numbers as well as with text values. For instance, if instead of the suppliers' names in column C, you had supplier IDs like 1, 2, 3 etc., then your SUMIF formula would look similar to this:

=SUM(SUMIF(C2:C9, {1,2,3} , D2:D9))

Unlike text values, numbers needn't be enclosed in double quotes in array arguments.


In case, your preferred way is to list the criteria in some cells rather that specify them directly in the formula, you can use SUMIF in conjunction with the SUMPRODUCT function that multiplies components in the given arrays, and returns the sum of those products.


Where G2:G4 are the cells containing your criteria, the suppliers' names in our case, as illustrated in the screenshot below.

But of course, nothing prevents you from listing the values in an array criteria of your SUMIF function if you want to:

=SUMPRODUCT(SUMIF(C2:C9, {"Mike","John","Pete"}, D2:D9))

The result returned by both formulas will be identical to what you see in the screenshot:
Sum with multiple criteria using the SUMPRODUCT / SUMIF formula

Excel SUMIFS with multiple OR criteria

If you want to conditionally sum values in Excel not simply with multiple OR conditions, but with several sets of conditions, you will have to use SUMIFS instead of SUMIF. The formulas will be very similar to what we've just discussed.

As usual, an example might help to illustrate the point better. In our table of fruit suppliers, let's add the Delivery Date (column E) and find the total quantity delivered by Mike, John and Pete in October.

Example 1. SUMIFS + SUMIFS

The formula produced by this approach includes a lot of repetition and looks cumbersome, but it is easy to understand and, most importantly, it works : )

=SUMIFS(D2:D9,C2:C9, "Mike", E2:E9,">=10/1/2014", E2:E9, "<=10/31/2014") +
SUMIFS(D2:D9, C2:C9, "John", E2:E9, ">=10/1/2014", E2:E9, "<=10/31/2014") +
SUMIFS(D2:D9, C2:C9, "Pete", E2:E9, ">=10/1/2014" ,E2:E9, "<=10/31/2014")

As you see, you write a separate SUMIFS function for each of the suppliers and include two conditions - equal to or greater than Oct-1 (">=10/1/2014",) and less than or equal to Oct 31 ("<=10/31/2014"), and then you sum the results.
Add several SUMIFS functions to sum values with multiple OR conditions

Example 2. SUM & SUMIFS with an array argument

I've tried to explain the essence of this approach in the SUMIF example, so now we can simply copy that formula, change the order of arguments (as you remember it is different in SUMIF and SUMIFS) and add additional criteria. The resulting formula is more compact than SUMIFS + SUMIFS:

=SUM(SUMIFS(D2:D9,C2:C9, {"Mike", "John", "Pete"}, E2:E9,">=10/1/2014", E2:E9, "<=10/31/2014"))

The result returned by this formula is exactly the same as you see in the screenshot above.


As you remember, the SUMPRODUCT approach differs from the previous two in the way that you enter each of your criteria in a separate cell rather that specify them directly in the formula. In case of several criteria sets, the SUMPRODUCT function won't suffice and you will have to employ ISNUMBER and MATCH as well.

So, assuming that the Supplies Names are in cells H1:H3, Start Date is in cell H4 and End Date in cell H5, our SUMPRODUCT formula takes the following shape:

=SUMPRODUCT(--(E2:E9>=H4), --(E2:E9<=H5), --(ISNUMBER(MATCH(C2:C9, H1:H3,0))), D2:D9)
The SUMPRODUCT formula to sum values with multiple OR conditions

Many people wonder why use double dash (--) in SUMPRODUCT formulas. The point is that Excel SUMPRODUCT ignores all but numeric values, while the comparison operators in our formula return Boolean values (TRUE / FALSE), which are non-numeric. To convert these Boolean values to 1's and 0's, you use the double minus sign, which is technically called the double unary operator. The first unary coerces TRUE/FALSE to -1/0, respectively. The second unary negates the values, i.e. reverses the sign, turning them into +1 and 0, which the SUMPRODUCT function can understand.

I hope the above explanation makes sense. And even if it doesn't, just remember this rule of thumb - use the double unary operator (--) when you are using comparison operators in your SUMPRODUCT formulas.

Using Excel SUM in array formulas

As you remember, Microsoft implemented the SUMIFS function in Excel 2007. If someone still uses Excel 2003, 2000 or earlier, you will have to use a SUM array formula to add values with multiple AND criteria. Naturally, this approach works in modern versions of Excel 2013 - 2007 too, and can be deemed an old-fashioned counterpart of the SUMIFS function.

In the SUMIF formulas discussed above, you have already used array arguments, but an array formula is something different.

Example 1. Sum with multiple AND criteria in Excel 2003 and earlier

Let's get back to the very first example where we found out a sum of amounts relating to a given fruit and supplier:
Source table to sum values by several conditions

As you already know, this task is easily accomplished using an ordinary SUMIFS formula:
=SUMIFS(C2:C9, A2:A9, "apples", B2:B9, "Pete")

And now, let's see how the same task can be fulfilled in early "SUMIFS-free" versions of Excel. First off, you write down all the conditions that should be met in the form of range="condition". In this example, we have two range/condition pairs:

Condition 1: A2:A9="apples"

Condition 2: B2:B9="Pete"

Then, you write a SUM formulas that "multiplies" all of your range/condition pairs, each enclosed in brackets. The last multiplier is the sum range, C2:C9 in our case:

=SUM((A2:A9="apples") * ( B2:B9="Pete") * ( C2:C9))

As illustrated in the screenshot below, the formula perfectly works in the latest Excel 2013 version.
An example of using Excel SUM in an array formula

Note. When entering any array formula, you must press Ctrl + Shift + Enter. Once you do this, your formula gets enclosed in {curly braces}, which is a visual indication that an array formula is entered correctly. If you try typing the braces manually, your formula will be converted to a text string, and it won't work.

Example 2. SUM array formulas in modern Excel versions

Even in modern versions of Excel, the power of the SUM function should not be underestimated. The SUM array formula is not simply gymnastics of the mind, but has a practical value, as demonstrated in the following example.

Suppose, you have two columns, B and C, and you need to count how many times column C is greater than column B, when a value in column C is greater or equal to 10. An immediate solution that comes to mind is using the SUM array formula:

=SUM((C1:C10>=10) * (C1:C10>B1:B10))
Using SUM array formulas in modern Excel versions

Don't see any practical application to the above formula? Think about it in another way : )

Suppose, you have the orders list like shown in the screenshot below and you want to know how many products have not been delivered in full by a given date. Translated into Excel's language, we have the following conditions:

Condition 1: A value in column B (Ordered items) is greater than 0

Condition 2: A value in column C (Delivered) in less than in column B

Condition 3: A date in column D (Due date) is less than 11/1/2014.

Putting the three range/condition pairs together, you get the following formula:

An example of SUM array formula in Excel 2013

Well, the formula examples discussed in this tutorial have only scratched the surface of what Excel SUMIFS and SUMIF functions can really do. But hopefully, they have helped pointing you in the right direction and now you can sum values in your Excel workbooks no matter how many intricate conditions you have to consider.


  1. I am using SUNIFS to pull data points into a table that helps us see financial metrics for peers. For instance, I want the formula to pull average deposits for 10 different organizations from my master data sheet. The formulas work well to pull the numbers I am looking for, for each metric. My issue is that on the table I cannot tell if the value is a zero or there is no data (blank cell or cannot find it in the data set).

    Can I add something to my formula that shows a 0 when the value in the cell is 0 and shows a blank cell when the cell is black or it is not in the data set?

    =SUMIFS(Peer_Data_ALL[Value],Peer_Data_ALL[Peer],'By Competitor Table'!$F$7,Peer_Data_ALL[[Metric ]],'By Competitor Table'!$E11,Peer_Data_ALL[[Quarter ]],'By Competitor Table'!H$3,Peer_Data_ALL[Year],'By Competitor Table'!H$4)

    • Hi! Your question is not entirely clear to me. If you want the SUMIFS formula to calculate depending on the value in some cell, use the IF function. If this does not help, explain the problem in detail.

      • I have a worksheet with data points for various companies (a sample of some of the columns below:
        Peer Metric Quarter Year Value Financial Report Used
        FITB Average Deposits Q4 2023 NA Q4'23 Earnings
        FITB Average Deposits Q4 2022 NA Q4'23 Earnings
        FITB Average Deposits Q3 2023 NA Q4'23 Earnings
        JPM Average Deposits Q3 2023 262.1
        Key Average Deposits Q4 2023 56.9 Q4'23 Earnings
        Key Average Deposits Q4 2022 54.4 Q4'23 Earnings

        Using SUMIF, I pull the data points above into various tables using drop down menus (Year, Quarter, Etc). The tables, show a zero whether the value is 0, the cell is blank, has NA as the value, or the data is not found. I need Zeros to show as zeros and the others to show as a black or NA.

        Metric YE'21 YE'22 YE'23
        Average Deposits 68.8 62.8 60.8
        Average Loans 62.6 70.9 72.3
        C&I Portfolio Yield - - - (These should all be blanks because I do not have these data points in the worksheet with my data)

        I have tried to use IF Statements but they are not working, With the statement below, the table still shows a zero as the result for cells with missing data. Maybe I need use a different function but this was the only thing I could get to work correctly in terms of pulling the data points I need.

        =IF(SUMIFS(Peer_Data_ALL[Value],Peer_Data_ALL[Peer],'By Competitor Table'!$F$7,Peer_Data_ALL[[Metric ]],'By Competitor Table'!$E11,Peer_Data_ALL[[Quarter ]],'By Competitor Table'!G$3,Peer_Data_ALL[Year],'By Competitor Table'!G$4) ="","",SUMIFS(Peer_Data_ALL[Value],Peer_Data_ALL[Peer],'By Competitor Table'!$F$7,Peer_Data_ALL[[Metric ]],'By Competitor Table'!$E11,Peer_Data_ALL[[Quarter ]],'By Competitor Table'!G$3,Peer_Data_ALL[Year],'By Competitor Table'!G$4))

        • Hi! Your task is not completely clear to me. If you want to check if there are empty cells in the data range, this ISBLANK formula will return TRUE if there is at least one empty cell.
          To determine if there is at least one text value "NA" in the range, you can use the ISTEXT function:
          You can use this as a condition in an IF formula.
          I hope it’ll be helpful.

  2. What SUMIF formula can I use in the following situation?

    Column F (Price of Item)
    Column I (Points earned from purchase of item)
    Column P-V (each represents where the cost of the item was allocated, some item cost is split to multiple columns, for example $100 item cost is split 50/50 between column P and Q)

    I want to calculate total points earned for each of Columns P to V respectively. I have tried the following and they each resulted in an error.

    Attempt 1: =SUMIF(PostedTransactions[ColumnT],"",PostedTransactions[Points]) -this worked for columns T to V as figures are manually entered, but not for column P to S which themselves already have a formula to determine values.

    Attempt 2: =SUMIF(PostedTransactions[ColumnP],""&0,PostedTransactions[Points]) -this worked except it ignored/double shared points (for example, $100 item resulted in 100 point, cost of item shared 50/50 between column P and Q, this formula allocated 100 points to each column)

    Attempt 3: =SUMIF(PostedTransactions[ColumnU],PostedTransactions[Amount],PostedTransactions[Points]) -this doubled the points for items that cost the same amount (for example, 2 separate rows each item cost $100 earning 100 points, it calculated 200 points twice)

    This may be too complicated of a request, but I appreciate any insight possible.

    Thank you,

    • Hi! It is very difficult to understand a formula that contains unique references to your data, which I don't have. To understand what you want to do, give an example of the source data and the expected result.

  3. Hey I am writing in googlesheet the formula but shows me error.
    Agency Name : Test1
    Client Name : Test 1.1
    Payable Amount: 1000euro
    Office Margin: e.g 7%
    Agency Margin: e.g 6%
    Office Profit Amount: 70euro
    Agency Profit Amount: 60euro

    This is connected with a google form.

    I want for to a formula to calculate total of agency profit amount: e.g name is Test 1 to find all test 1 in the google shit and the profit amounts and calculate them.

    I use those but is writting error :=SUMIFS(H2:H30,B2:B30,"Test 1")

    • Hey Stelios,

      Make sure column H contains numbers (remove the word euros and apply the currency format instead) and that your condition matches the Agency Name completely, e.g. Test1 and Test 1 are different values because of the space in-between.

      For other nuances of SUMIFS in Google Sheets, please visit this article.

  4. Hello,

    I'm trying to make a SUMIFS formula and am having a hard time putting it all together. I wish I could send you a screenshot and show you. Anyhow, I have a Jan-Dec table and want to import a range of how much I spent on credit cards in January that fall under the "CCard" category from one tab of my spreadsheet to another tab in the same spreadsheet. My mind cannot process anymore. It's too complicated in my head as I'm just a beginner. Any help is so greatly appreciated! I didn't know where else to go..

    Thanks for reading this and I look forward to your reply..

    Kind regards,

  5. I am trying to pull from 4 columns. I currently am pulling from 3. (ie... =SUMIF(Expenses!D13:D,"PAINT",Expenses!E13:E) I would like to add ("A") to that same formula (cell)

    What would I use?

    • Hi! Your formula is summing by one condition from a single column. If you want to sum from multiple columns, use multiple SUMIFS functions in the formula, as recommended in this section of the article above: Excel SUMIFS with multiple OR conditions.

      • =SUMIFS(Expenses!D13:D,"ROOFING","A",Expenses!E13:E)

        This is what I have. The cell is now asking for pairs. What am I doing incorrect?

        • Hi! I don't know what result you want, and I don't have your data. But your formula is incorrect. Look carefully at the SUMIFS syntax and how to correctly write criteria_range and criteria.

  6. Hi,

    I am trying to write a Sumifs formula that pulls in records based on one criteria and excludes records based on another criteria.

    So in the first part, assuming it meets certain criteria it would pull back all of those cells that match - let's say this pulls back 1,000 records. Now, out of those specific 1,000 records, if those meet a second certain criteria (located in a different column), then I would like to subtract those from the 1,000 records - and I actually have a few criteria that I would like to subtract out. After doing that, I would be left with a smaller number, like 100 records.

    Is this possible to do? And if so, how? Thank you

    • Hi! The SUMIFS function does not extract records, but sums the values by condition. If I understand you correctly, you can find the difference of the two SUMIFS formulas. But you can also write all the conditions in a single SUMIFS formula, as described in the article above.
      If you want to extract records that match more than one condition, use the FILTER function and these instructions: Excel FILTER function - dynamic filtering with formulas.
      If you need more detailed advice, describe the problem in detail.

  7. Hi, I have a data set with columns titled - Jan 1 2023 through Dec 31 2023. So each column is 1 day of the year up until Dec 31.

    Then i have 11 rows - each with a different title which i call a code.

    i.e., this is a snippet of my data set

    Jan 1 Jan 2 Jan 3 Jan 4 ... Dec 31 2023
    PED 0 3 2 6 3
    SUS 0 0 0 1 2
    BER 1 1 0 2 0

    I need to get a sum of each code per month on a separate tab. i.e., i'd have Jan through Dec month by month on a new tab in rows 2 to 13 and the different codes as column headers and then the sum of each code per month as the values within the table. I was trying to use a sumif but that won't work so i'm wondering what other function i can use??

  8. Hi Alex!

    I am having trouble figuring out a conditional formula based on two words without a value. If I wanted to type formula that calculates the number of sold homes in oakmont how would that look for the example below?

    A B
    Oakmont Sold
    Oakmont For Sale
    Cedar Ridge Sold
    Whispering Creek Sold
    Oakmont Sold
    Rock Creek sold
    Oakmont for sale
    Oakmont sold

  9. CAn we add value in excel ? like 1/1 + 1/1 = 2 /2

  10. do you have tool to evaluate an equation and provide any alternatives that exist for use to improve performance? having a heck of a time finding anything of the sort on the internet

  11. I use Excel 2019. I read that I can consolidate multiple ranges in the sum portion of the sumifs. So in my quest to improve the performance of my file with literally a million or more calcs I tested eliminated adding two sumifs together and replacing it with


    Doesn't work. I get a zero in return. grossprofit and cost are consecutive columns. any ideas?

    • Hi! It is very difficult to understand a formula that contains unique references to your workbook worksheets. Hence, I cannot check its work. Also, the SUMIFS function can only calculate values in one range of data. Please read the above article carefully.

  12. Dear
    I want to use a conditional sum of one particular sheet to other sheet with 2 cretieria.

    Sheet 1 I have 3 columns.
    I want the sum of column C in another sheet, if column A with" ---" in sheet 1 and column B with "---" in sheet 1.

    Please help


  13. Hi Alexander

    I am trying to write a sumif formula that provides the grand total for a specific company, in a specific year and leave blank if there is nil income for that year. See example below, I want the sum total for Company A, for the year of 2023, provided the supplier code is the same, ignoring blanks. And what would the formula also be if I want to combine the income for 2022 and 2023?

    Column A Column B Column C Column D Column E Column F
    Supplier Product type Supplier Code Year 2022 Year 2023 Grand total
    Company A Product 1 44 150 194
    Company A Product 1 S7 9347 8421
    Company A Product 2 44 34
    Company B Product 1 55 273 265
    Company B Product 2 S9 13722 7411
    Company B Product 1 55 89
    Company B Product 3 55
    Company B Product 4 55 2
    Company B Product5 55 56
    Company C Product 1 S6 104591 79251
    Company C Product 1 45 21743 5040
    Company C Product 2 45
    Company C Product 3 45 2015
    Company C Product 4 45 342
    Company D Product 1 S9 40895 42354
    Company D Product 2 T30 142 155
    Company E Product 1 11 9764

    • Hi! I hope you have studied the recommendations in the tutorial above. It contains answers to your question. For example, amount for 2022:

      =SUMIFS(D2:D10,A2:A10,"Company A",C2:C10,1)

      Analogously, find the amount for 2023 and then sum these results to find the amount for 2 years. Read above: Excel SUMIF with multiple criteria (OR logic).

    APPLE PETE 180
    APPLE MIKE 120
    APPLE PETE 110

    CAN i use it to find number of apples and nos of PETE PRODUCTS

    • Hi! I hope you have studied the recommendations in the tutorial above. To calculate the sum by multiple conditions, use the SUMIFS function:


  15. Hi, here is my set up and what I'd like to do. This is my current equation

    IF(ISBLANK($A12),"",(SUM(SUMIFS('Oct. 2023 Returns'!$A:$A,$A12,'Oct. 2023 Returns'!$M:$M,{'Oct. 2023 Returns'!$J:$J,"y",'Oct. 2023 Returns'!$M:$M}))))

    The first part works perfectly, however when I try to do the second part it doesn't work. I would like the SumIfs to be, "If Column A is blank, " ", if column A isn't blank, sum the cells in Returns Column M with Returns Column J being the letter "Y" and Returns Column A being the correct supplier "

    Column A - (Supplier)
    Returns Column A (Supplier, drop down of ^)
    Returns Column M ( Amount $)
    Column J - Yes or No (Y/N). Used by typing the appropriate letter in

    Can you help?

    • Hi! Sorry, it's not quite clear what you are trying to achieve.
      What does it mean - {'Oct. 2023 Returns'!$J:$J,'y','Oct. 2023 Returns'!$M:$M} and why are there only 3 arguments?
      Please clarify your specific problem or provide additional information to understand what you need.

      • Hi! Thank you for responding.

        Frankly, I'm not sure why I did "{" I think I saw it on another tutorial for using SumIfs. The specific problem is that the equation listed above, when entered into a cell, comes up with a window saying there is an error. If I remove the second part, and just have the following equation, the equation works.
        =IF(ISBLANK($A12),"",SUMIF('Oct. 2023 Returns'!$A:$A,$A12,'Oct. 2023 Returns'!$M:$M))

        The above translates into "If Sheet 1 Column A(Cell #) is blank, output " ". If not, summarize Sheet 2 Column M IF the Sheet 2 Column A(Cell#) of that row equals the supplier name."

        This gives us the total amount of returns that we have purchased from the supplier.

        I want it to become "If Sheet 1 Column A(Cell #) is blank, output " ". If not, summarize Sheet 2 Column M IF the Sheet 2 Column A(Cell#) of that row equals the supplier name AND Sheet 2 Column J(Cell#) equals "Y"

        This gives us the total returns amount that we have purchased from the supplier that have been marked as payment received.

        Hopefully this makes more sense!

        • Hello! If I understand your task correctly, the following formula should work for you:


          I hope it’ll be helpful.

          • Thank you SO much! That worked perfectly. :)

  16. Hi, I want to show the total amount for a certain product in a certain month/year (Column B, C, D, E)

    RESULT SHOULD BE: The amount of Product 2 in Feb 2023

    Column A Jan 2023 Feb 2023
    Product 1 100 200
    Product 2 50 38
    Product 3 85 150

    • Hi, Alex! It works. Thank you so much.

      Other one.

      What if I want the total amount of Product2 from Jan2023-Feb2023
      The same condition but I want the the TOTAL AMOUNT for Product2 from Jan2023-Feb2023
      So, the result should be 88 (50+38)


        • Hi, Alex!

          This formula is working


          Just want to clarify, I am using drop down list for Months.

          I if will choose the month of JAN 2023 only for Product2, it multiplies the amount on the selected month.
          So, if I have 50 For JAN 2023 it will become 100

          By the way, I fixed 1 cell for JAN 2023 and I separated the dropdown list (JAN 22023, FEB 2023, MAR 2023)

          Its like,
          JAN 2023(fixed cell) + JAN 2023(Dropdown list)

          JAN 2023(fixed cell) + FEB 2023(Dropdown list)

          • Hi, Alex!

            This is the formula.


            A2:A18 = List of Product
            R1 = Product Name
            R2 = JAN 2023
            R3 = it can be from JAN 2023, FEB 2023, MAR 2023 . . . . . .

            >If I want to calculate the total amount of PRODUCT 1 from JAN 2023 up to MAR 2023
            >>If I want to calculate the total amount of PRODUCT 1 from JAN 2023 up to MAR 2023


            • Hi! You use text values to represent months in the column headers. Therefore, you cannot use the time interval "from - to". You must specify each month name separately. For 3 months you need 3 cells.

              • Hi, Alex!

                The headers are dates literally, it just formatted as (MMM YYYY)

                The formula below is working correctly for FEB 2023 only

                A2:A18 = List of Product
                R1 = Product Name
                F1:Q1 = MMM YYYY (Date)
                R2 = JAN 2023
                R3 = it can be from JAN 2023, FEB 2023, MAR 2023 . . . . . .

                >How to calculate the total amount of PRODUCT 1 from JAN 2023 up to MAR 2023
                >> How to calculate the total amount of PRODUCT 1 from JAN 2023 up to FEB 2023
                >>> How to calculate the total amount of PRODUCT 1 from FEB 2023 up to MAR 2023


              • Hi, Alex!

                The formula below is working, but how can I sum the amount from JAN 2023 to MAR 2023 or FEB 2023 to MAR 2023?

                =SUMPRODUCT(B2:M9*(A2:A9=N1)*(TEXT(B1:M1,"mmm yy")=P1))

                I tried the formula below, but if I change FEB 2023 to MAR 2023 it will not be summed the amount.

                =SUMPRODUCT(B2:M9*(A2:A9=N1)*(TEXT(B1:M1,"mmm yy")=P1))+(TEXT(B1:M1,"mmm yy")=P2))
                =SUMPRODUCT(B2:M9*(A2:A9=N1)*(TEXT(B1:M1,"mmm yy")=P1))*(TEXT(B1:M1,"mmm yy")=P2))


              • Hi! To calculate the amount by product for two months, the formula might look like this:

                =SUMPRODUCT(B2:M9*(A2:A9=N1)*((TEXT(B1:M1,"mmm yy")=P1)+(TEXT(B1:M1,"mmm yy")=P2)))

            • Hi, Alex!

              Unfortunately, the formula is not working, it leaves as zero (0) the sum product.
              I even create new and simple data to execute the formula.

              =SUMPRODUCT(B2:M9*(A2:A9=N1)*((TEXT(B1:M1,"mmm yy")=P1)+(TEXT(B1:M1,"mmm yy")=P2)))

              Here are my data:

              Column A2:A4 = Item1, Item2, Item3
              Row B1:B3 = Jan 2023, Feb 2023, Mar 2023
              Column:Row B2:D4 = are the data value (amount)

              Cell F1 = Item
              Cell F2 = Month1
              Cell F3 = Month2
              Cell F4 = this cell will show the result

              I hope these data would suffice for the formula.


              • I have given you advice on how to solve your problem. But I can't write the formula in your file. I can't see your data. Your description is not quite accurate. B1:B3 - Text or date? F2, F3 - Text or date? What is written in F2?

              • Hi, Alex!

                B1:B3 - Text or date?
                >these are date 01/01/2023

                F2, F3 - Text or date?
                >these are date also, it was a dropdown list and the source are from B1:B3

                What is written in F2?

              • Here is the sum by rows and columns formula for your data:


              • Hi, Alex!

                If I change the date
                from: 01/01/2023
                to: 01/03/2023
                The result is not correct, as it will add only the data of Jan+Mar = 400

                01/01/2023 = 100
                01/02/2023 = 200
                01/03/2023 = 300

                How to sum if I change the date
                from: 01/01/2023
                to: 01/03/2023
                result should be = 600

                From: 01/02/2023
                To: 01/12/2023

                Apologies for the inconvenience.

                Thank you!

              • Hi, Alex!

                Thank you. I'll just try to find and explore the formula.

                Thanks again.

              • Hi, Alex!

                I found the correct formula.

                =SUMPRODUCT(B2:M9*(A2:A9=N1)*(B1:M1>= P1)*(B1:M1<= P2))

  17. Hi, i need a formula to count CPT orders based on DXB in clumn C. For example DXB orders with CPT shoud show result 2.

    RP00001594 CPT DXB
    RP00001594 CPT DXB
    RP00001595 CPT DXB
    RP00001598 CPT HAA
    RP00001588 DAP IQQ
    RP00001587 DAP NAH
    RP00001584 DAP IQQ

  18. Hi,

    i have SAP product codes which are 19 in digits which are note reading by "SUMIFS" while considering multiple conditions like "900000002831022000".

    If I'm decreasing its digits lesser than 19, its working perfectly.

    Could you please assist on it.

  19. Hi I have 2 dynamic range.
    I used sumifs(Sales, Criteria1 Range , Criteria 1,Criteria2 Range , Criteria 2)
    Criteria 1 (has up to 4 options) and 2 (up to 3 options) are both dynamic, meaning i have created a slicer which will change accordingly to the options selected. I have defined Criteria 1 and 2 range under Name Manager. It works when having 1 Criteria but doesnt work if i include both.

    May you advise pls

  20. Hello,
    What if I want to count the bananas from both suppliers John and Mike? Do you have a better solution than :
    =SUMIFS(C2:C9, A2:A9, "Bananas", B2:B9, "John") + SUMIFS(C2:C9, A2:A9, "Bananas", B2:B9, "Mike") ?
    How can I put option A or Option B or Option C in the same criteria in that case that would apply to B2:B9?
    Thank you!

    • Hi! If you read carefully, the last paragraph of this article has the answer to your question. Here is an example of the formula:


  21. HI, I want to use SUMIFS, and the cells in the range that I want to consider already have a formula (IF), but the SUMIFS is not considering those values. How can I do? thanks!

    • Hi! The SUMIFS function does an excellent job of counting cells with formulas. What is important is what values these formulas return.

  22. Hi

    I have data with multiple units (i.e, Kg, Pcs, Nos, etc). Some items may appear in multiple units. for example, sometimes I sell an item in pcs and sometimes in Kg. So, to get how much qty I sold in a month what will be the equation?

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