Excel IF statement with multiple AND/OR conditions, nested IF formulas, and more

In Part 1 of our Excel IF function tutorial, we started to learn the nuts and bolts of the Excel IF function. As you remember, we discussed a few IF formulas for numbers, dates and text values as well as how to write an IF statement for blank and non-blank cells.

However, for powerful data analysis, you may often need to evaluate multiple conditions at a time, meaning you have to construct more sophisticated logical tests using multiple IF functions in one formula. The formula examples that follow below will show you how to do this correctly. You will also learn how to use Excel IF in array formulas and learn the basics of the IFEFFOR and IFNA functions.

How to use Excel IF function with multiple conditions

In summary, there can be 2 basic types of multiple conditions - with AND and OR logic. Consequently, your IF function should embed an AND or OR function in the logical test, respectively.

  • AND function. If your logical test contains the AND function, Microsoft Excel returns TRUE if all the conditions are met; otherwise it returns FALSE.
  • OR function. In case you use the OR function in the logical test, Excel returns TRUE if any of the conditions is met; FALSE otherwise.

To better illustrate the point, let's have a look at a few IF examples with multiple conditions.

Example 1. Using IF & AND function in Excel

Suppose, you have a table with the results of two exam scores. The first score, stored in column C, must be equal to or greater than 20. The second score, listed in column D, must be equal to or exceed 30. Only when both of the above conditions are met, a student passes the final exam.

The easiest way to make a proper formula is to write down the condition first, and then incorporate it in the logical_test argument of your IF function:

Condition: AND(B2>=20, C2>=30)

IF/AND formula:

=IF((AND(C2>=20, D2>=30)), "Pass", "Fail")

Easy, isn't it? The formula tells Excel to return "Pass" if a value in column C >=20 AND a value in column D >=30. Otherwise, the formula returns "Fail". The screenshot below proves that our Excel IF /AND function is correct:
Excel IF function with multiple AND conditions

Note. Microsoft Excel checks all conditions in the AND function, even if one of the already tested conditions evaluates to FALSE. Such behavior is a bit unusual since in most of programming languages, subsequent conditions are not tested if any of the previous tests has returned FALSE.

In practice, a seemingly correct IF / AND formula may result in an error because of this specificity. For example, the below formula will return "Divide by Zero Error" (#DIV/0!) if cell A2 is equal to 0:

=IF(AND(A2<>0,(1/A2)>0.5),"Good", "Bad")

The avoid this, you should use a nested IF function:

=IF(A2<>0, IF((1/A2)>0.5, "Good", "Bad"), "Bad")

Example 2. Using IF with OR function in Excel

You use the combination of IF & OR functions in a similar way. The difference from the IF / AND formula discussed above is that Excel returns TRUE if at least one of the specified conditions is met.

So, if we modify the above formula in the following way:

=IF((OR(C2>=20, D2>=30)), "Pass", "Fail")

Column E will have the "Pass" mark if either the first score is equal to or greater than 20 OR the second score is equal to or greater than 30.

As you see in the screenshot below, our students have a better chance to pass the final exam with such conditions (Scott being particularly unlucky failing by just 1 point : )
An example of IF/OR formula

More formula examples can be found in Excel IF OR functon.

Example 3. Using IF with AND & OR functions

In case you have to evaluate your data based on several sets of multiple conditions, you will have to employ both AND & OR functions at a time.

In the above table, suppose you have the following criteria to evaluate the students' success:

  • Condition 1: column C>=20 and column D>=25
  • Condition 2: column C>=15 and column D>=20

If either of the above conditions is met, the final exam is deemed passed, otherwise - failed.

The formula might seem tricky, but in a moment, you will see that it is not! You just have to express two conditions as AND statements and enclose them in the OR function since you do not require both conditions to be met, either will suffice:

OR(AND(C2>=20, D2>=25), AND(C2>=15, D2>=20)

Finally, use the above OR function as the logical test in the IF function and supply value_if_true and value_if_false arguments. As the result, you will get the following IF formula with multiple AND / OR conditions:

=IF(OR(AND(C2>=20, D2>=25), AND(C2>=15, D2>=20)), "Pass", "Fail")

The screenshot below indicates that we've got the formula right:
Using IF with OR & AND functions

Naturally, you are not limited to using only two AND/OR functions in your Excel IF formulas. You can use as many logical functions as your business logic requires, provided that:

  • In Excel 2016, 2013, 2010 and 2007, your formula includes no more than 255 arguments, and the total length of the formula does not exceed 8,192 characters.
  • In Excel 2003 and lower, you can use up to 30 arguments and the total length of your formula shall not exceed 1,024 characters.

Using multiple IF statements in Excel (nested IF functions)

If you need to create more elaborate logical tests for your data, you can include additional IF statements in the value_if_true and value_if_false arguments of your Excel IF formulas. These multiple IF functions are called nested IF functions and they may prove particularly useful if you want your formula to return 3 or more different results.

Here's a typical example: suppose you want not simply to qualify the students' results as Pass/Fail, but define the total score as "Good", "Satisfactory" and "Poor". For instance:

  • Good: 60 or more (>=60)
  • Satisfactory: between 40 and 60 (>40 and <60)
  • Poor: 40 or less (<=40)

To begin with, you can add an additional column (E) with the following formula that sums numbers in columns C and D:


An additional column that sums numbers in columns C and D

And now, let's write a nested IF function based on the above conditions. It's considered a good practice to start with the most important condition and make your functions as simple as possible. Our Excel nested IF formula is as follows:

=IF(E2>=60, "Good", IF(E2>40, "Satisfactory", "Poor "))

As you see, just one nested IF function is sufficient in this case. Naturally, you can nest more IF functions if you want to. For example:

=IF(E2>=70, "Excellent", IF(E2>=60, "Good", IF(E2>40, "Satisfactory", "Poor ")))

The above formula adds one more conditions - the total score of 70 points and more is qualified as "Excellent".

An example of nested IF functions

For more information about Excel IF with multiple conditions, please see How to use nested IF in Excel.

Using Excel IF in array formulas

Like other Excel functions, IF can be used in array formulas. You may need such a formula if you want to evaluate every element of the array when the IF statement is carried out.

For example, the following array SUM/IF formula demonstrates how you can sum cells in the specified range based on a certain condition rather than add up the actual values:


The formula assigns a certain number of "points" to each value in column B - if a value is equal to or less than 1, it equates to 1 point; and 2 points are assigned to each value greater than 1. And then, the SUM function adds up the resulting 1's and 2's, as shown in the screenshot below.
Using Excel IF in array formulas

Note. Since this is an array formula, remember to press Ctrl + Shift + Enter to enter it correctly.

Using IF function together with other Excel functions

Earlier in this tutorial, we've discussed a few IF formula examples demonstrating how to use the Excel IF function with logical functions AND and OR. Now, let's see what other Excel functions can be used with IF and what benefits this gives to you.

Example 1. Using IF with SUM, AVERAGE, MIN and MAX functions

When discussing nested IF functions, we wrote the formula that returns different ranking (Excellent, Good, Satisfactory or Poor) based on the total score of each student. As you remember, we added a new column with the formula that calculates the total of scores in columns C and D.

But what if your table has a predefined structure that does not allow any modifications? In this case, instead of adding a helper column, you could add values directly in your If formula, like this:

=IF((C2+D2)>=60, "Good", IF((C2+D2)=>40, "Satisfactory", "Poor "))

Okay, but what if your table contains a lot of individual scores, say 5 different columns or more? Summing so many figures directly in the IF formula would make it enormously big. An alternative is embedding the SUM function in the IF's logical test, like this:

=IF(SUM(C2:F2)>=120, "Good", IF(SUM(C2:F2)>=90, "Satisfactory", "Poor "))

Using IF with the SUM function

In a similar fashion, you can use other Excel functions in the logical test of your IF formulas:


=IF(AVERAGE(C2:F2)>=30,"Good",IF(AVERAGE(C2:F2)>=25,"Satisfactory","Poor "))

The formulas retunes "Good" if the average score in columns C:F is equal to or greater than 30, "Satisfactory" if the average score is between 29 and 25 inclusive, and "Poor" if less than 25.


To find the highest and lowest scores, you can use the MAX and MIN functions, respectively. Assuming that column F is the total score column, the below formulas work a treat:

MAX: =IF(F2=MAX($F$2:$F$10), "Best result", "")

MIN: =IF(F2=MIN($F$2:$F$10), "Worst result", "")

If you'd rather have both the Min and Max results in the same column, you can nest one of the above functions in the other, for example:

=IF(F2=MAX($F$2:$F$10) ,"Best result", IF(F2=MIN($F$2:$F$10), "Worst result", ""))

Using IF with the MIN and MAX functions

In a similar manner, you can use the IF function with your custom worksheet functions. For example, you can use it with the GetCellColor / GetCellFontColor functions to return different results based on a cell color.

In addition, Excel provides a number of special IF functions to analyze and calculate data based on different conditions.

For example, to count the occurrences of a text or numeric value based on a single or multiple conditions, you can use COUNTIF and COUNTIFS, respectively. To find out a sum of values based on the specified condition(s), use the SUMIF or SUMIFS functions. To calculate the average according to certain criteria, use AVERAGEIF or AVERAGEIFS.

For the detailed step-by-step formula examples, check out the following tutorials:

Example 2. IF with ISNUMBER and ISTEXT functions

You already know a way to spot blank and non-blank cells using the ISBLANK function. Microsoft Excel provides analogous functions to identify text and numeric values - ISTEXT and ISNUMBER, respectively.

Here's is example of the nested Excel IF function that returns "Text" if cell B1 contains any text value, "Number" if B1 contains a numeric value, and "Blank" if B1 is empty.

=IF(ISTEXT(B1), "Text", IF(ISNUMBER(B1), "Number", IF(ISBLANK(B1), "Blank", "")))

Using IF with ISNUMBER, ISTEXT and ISBLANK functions

Note. Please pay attention that the above formula displays "Number" for numeric values and dates. This is because Microsoft Excel stores dates as numbers, starting from January 1, 1900, which equates to 1.

Example 3. Using the result returned by IF in another Excel function

Sometimes, you can achieve the desired result by embedding the IF statement in some other Excel function, rather than using another function in a logical test.

Here's another way how you can use the CONCATINATE and IF functions together:

=CONCATENATE("You performed ", IF(C1>5,"fantastic!", "well"))

I believe you hardly need any explanation of what the formula does, especially looking at the screenshot below:
Using the result returned by IF in another Excel function

IF function vs. IFERROR and IFNA

Both of the functions, IFERROR and IFNA, are used to trap errors in Excel formulas and replace them with another calculation, predefined value or text message. In earlier Excel versions, you can use the IF ISERROR and IF ISNA combinations instead.

The difference is that IFERROR and ISERROR handle all possible Excel errors, including #VALUE!, #N/A, #NAME?, #REF!, #NUM!, #DIV/0!, and #NULL!. While IFNA and ISNA specialize solely in #N/A errors.

Here is the simplest example of the IFERROR formula:

=IFERROR(B2/C2, "Sorry, an error has occurred")

An example of using the IFERROR function in Excel

As you see in the screenshot above, column D displays the quotient of the division of a value in column B by a value in column C. You can also see two error messages in cells D2 and D5 because everyone knows that you cannot divide a number by zero.

In some cases, however, you may not want to trap all errors, but rather test the condition causing a specific error. For example, to replace a divide by zero error with your own message, use the following IF formula:

=IF(C2=0, "Sorry, an error has occurred", B2/C2)

And that's all I have to say about using the IF function in Excel. I thank you for reading and hope to see you on our blog next week!

2,861 responses to "Excel IF statement with multiple AND/OR conditions, nested IF formulas, and more"

  1. Mandi says:

    =IF(A4="big creek",“Karen”,IF(A4="vista AOR","Jim",IF(A4="alhambra","Martin")))

    I know I can't use * for remaining characters with IF function. Is there a way to use multiple IF statements with partial texts and not case sensitive? The above did not work.

    Really appreciate the help!

  2. Katelin says:

    Thank you that worked perfectly. The calculating cell contains FALSE until all conditional are met. Is there a way FALSE can be blank until all conditions are me?
    Thanks you

  3. Jenn L says:

    I have rows with some data in column A the same and need to combine data in column B whenever the data in column A is the same.
    What formula can I use to summarize this data? A pivot table summarized the data, but it’s still shown in separate cells. I need to have one cell per column A answer.

  4. Fernando Cuervo says:

    Say A1, A2, A3 and A4 cells with 100 characters
    if you make the following formula


    it throws a #Value error, I believe because A1...A4 exceeds the 255 text length

    If you use
    =IF(1=1,(A1 &A2 &A3&A4))

    then it works as a charm

    Anybody knows why this happens?

  5. MOHD RAFEEQ says:

    Solve the the issue in the equation
    =IF(OR(H8>=6,P8>=40%)2000, 2500, IF(OR(H8>=5,P8>=40%), 1500, 2000, IF(OR(H8>=4,P8>=40%), 750, 1500, IF(OR(H8<4,P8<40%),0,0))))

    • Hello!
      I’m sorry but your task is not entirely clear to me. For me to be able to help you better, please describe your task in more detail. Please specify what you were trying to find, what problem or error occurred. Give an example of the source data and the expected result.
      It’ll help me understand it better and find a solution for you.

  6. Anton says:

    Hi ,
    I wondered if you could help me with the following problem!

    Can anyone please assist?

  7. Michelle says:

    i have a problem hope you can help me.

    I want to construct a if statement such that

    B1= 12 or 24 or 36
    C1 =??

    i want to automatically calculate if B1=12, C1=A1/2, if B1=24, C1=A1 and B1=36, C1=A1*1.5

    Can someone help me?

    Many thanks

  8. Le Ratana says:

    Any Body can correct this formula

    ",C2)),"Cellcard") IF(ISNUMBER(SEARCH("010","015","016","069","070","081","086","087","093","096","098",C2)),"Smart")
    IF(ISNUMBER(SEARCH( "088","097","071","031","060","066","067","068","090",C2)),"Metfone")

  9. Tabetha Riano says:

    Can you help me? I need a formula that will do the following and will also need to meet multiple conditions:

    If A1="Contract",B1="Cold" and C1<=1 year from today's date, display 7.5%, but if A1="Contract",B1="Cold" and C1<=2-4 years from today's date, display 3%.

    A1 can be: Contract, Casino or Forms
    B1 can be: cold or warm
    and the percentages for all change based 1-4 years from today's date

    I can't figure out how to incorporate all of the conditions within one formula.

    Thank you so much!

    • Hello!
      If I got you right, the formula below will help you with your task:


      To find the difference between dates, use the DATEDIF function.

      I hope my advice will help you solve your task.

      • Tabetha says:

        Thank you for your help. I put the formula in and changed the cells and I am receiving a #NUM! error.

        • Hello!
          The formula I sent to you was created based on the description you provided in your first request. You wrote the conditions in the second paragraph.
          In order to prevent it from happening, please provide me with the detailed description of your task. Any examples of the source data and expected result would be of great help. It’ll help me avoid further confusions and find the right solution for you.

  10. Krupa says:

    Please help me with following
    If column A and B both contains apple the answer should be apple
    And in the same way if both columns contains banana then also i need to get apple
    If in column A is apple and in column B is banana answer should be banana and vise versa
    Kindly help me using excel formula for this

  11. Shajid Hossain says:

    I am working with Excell 2010 and I have a sheet like bellow

    Cement, Brick, Sand (50 Item) = these all item will show as "Civil"
    Wood, Board, Paint (15 Item) = these all item will show as "Carpentry"
    Glass, Aluminium, Lock (10 item) = these all item will show as "Aluminium"
    Paint, Polish, PaintWages (5 Item) = these all item will show as "Paint"
    and many more.

    I put a formula like it.
    =IF(OR(A1="Aluminium Work (WIP)",A1="Aluminum & Glass work (HTL - Advance)",A1="Glass Materials ( WIP )"),"Aluminium",IF(OR(A1="Door Frame",A1="False Celling (HTL Febricator Advance)",A1="Flush Door",A1="Miscellaneous (Carpentry)",A1="Plastic Door",A1="Receiption decorational expenses (wip)",A1="Solid Door"),"Carpentry","")))

    But After putting more then 25 logic it is not working, please help me.

  12. Suresh says:


    I'm working on formula..

    There is three input strings and based on that i need to find the answer... for i.e.. Box size - 8ft / Application - Chill / Door opening - Limited - for these inputs answer should come as C150e or any one input wrong answer should come as NA.

  13. EJ says:

    What if i want to seperate date column into 5 combinations such as "0-30 days", "31-60 Days", "61-90 Days", "91-120 Days", "120 Days n Above".


    • Hello!
      I hope you have studied the recommendations in the tutorial above. It contains answers to your question
      Please try the following formula:

      =IF((D1-TODAY())<=30,"0-30 days", IF(D1-TODAY()<=60,"31-60 days", IF(D1-TODAY()<=90,"61-90 days", IF(D1-TODAY()<=120,"91-120 days", "120 Days n Above") ) ))

  14. Marko says:


    i am working with the Excel 2016 and I need a formula that will check if the the name in the first column is consistent with the names in the column alongside.
    For instance:
    Column B: Fruit, Vegetable; Beef.
    Column C: Strawbarry, Apple; Potatoes, Salad greens Spinach, Turnips, Onions, beef, pork, sausage, veal, chicken

    Fruit: strawbarry, apple;
    Vegetable: Potatoes, Salad greens Spinach, Turnips, Onions,
    Meat: beef, pork, sausage, veal, chicken

    I need to check with a third column (D) if the column B is Fruit and the column C is Strawbarry, the check is correct --> "Ok"; while if the column B is Fruit and the column C is chicken the check will be negative --> "Non ok".

    Please help me with this.

    • Hello!
      If I got you right, the formula below will help you with your task:

      =IF(A1=(IF(SUM(--(B1={"strawbarry","apple"}))=1,"Fruit", IF(SUM(--(B1={"Potatoes","Salad","greens","Spinach","Turnips","Onions"}))=1,"Vegetable", IF(SUM(--(B1={"beef","pork","sausage","veal","chicken"}))=1,"Meat","" ) ))),"OK","NOT")

      The fastest and correct way to determine which species a product belongs to is to use the VLOOKUP function. But your information is not enough to give you advice on its use.

  15. Hassan Muaz says:

    Question No. 2


    Emp ID Emp Name salary Emp Type HRA TA PF Bonus Total
    ST001 Amir Khan 8563 1
    ST002 John Abraham 5320 2
    ST003 Akshya 6586 3
    ST004 Dileep 14521 4
    ST005 Santhosh 4500 5

    HRA Salary>=6000 20 %of sal 1000
    TA Salary>=6000 2000 1500
    PF Salary>=8000 14 %of sal 8% of sal

    • Hello!
      For me to be able to help you better, please describe your task in more detail. Please specify what you were trying to find, what formula you used and what problem or error occurred. Give an example of the source data and the expected result.
      It’ll help me understand it better and find a solution for you.

  16. Lyna says:


    Amazing work Ablebits.com..

    I try the formula here:

    S4 represent the date of actual submission. I need to add another criteria "Ready by QC" in the formula.
    If not mistaken, I need to have another date for "Ready by QC", correct?

    Column A: Date Actual submission is: 20-09-2020
    If the actual date key in, column C will turn to "Submitted", If empty, it will appear "Not Submitted"

    Column B: Date sent for QC: 18-09-2020
    Column C will turn to 'Ready by QC". If not key in the date column B, it will turn to submitted.

    i am not sure if this the correct explaination.

  17. NILESH says:





  18. Ben V says:

    I am trying to put a formula together that is checking to see if 3 separate criteria's are met, and if they are met, it will populate data from another sheet in the same document. I've tried multiple formulas but they aren't exactly working. Please see below:

    =IF(A9="REC 365", 1 * IF(C9="5 Year 4.99%",'REC Data Set'!A3:G25,"")) ---This one works but when i introduce the third criteria, it fails:

    =IF(A9="REC 365", 1 * IF(C9="5 Year 4.99%", 1 * IF(E9="3.30",'REC Data Set'!A3:G25,"")))

    I got closer with the AND argument but it doesn't work exactly, just gives me a value of false
    =AND(A9="REC 365", AND(C9="5 Year 4.99%", AND(E9="3.30", 'REC Data Set'!A3:G25,"")))

    Any help would be greatly appreciated. Thank you!

    • Ben V. says:

      I have also tried this method:

      =IF(AND(A9="REC 365", C9="5 Year 4.99%", E9="3.30"), 'REC Data Set'!A3:G25)

      I'm getting a result of FALSE because something about this formula isn't true? I don't understand. All criteria is being met, this formula should at the very least evaluate as true.

    • Hello!
      It is very difficult to understand a formula that contains unique references to your workbook worksheets.
      I assume that you have a number in cell E9. You are comparing it to the text "3.3". Write down the condition E9 = 3.3
      I hope my advice will help you solve your task.

      • Ben V says:

        Good Morning! Thank you for your reply!

        I understand its difficult to decipher what I have going on here, and I appreciate your assistance.

        I do have 3.30 in cell E9. I have also tried 3.3. Is there anyway you could (or be willing to) take a look at my document so you can see what I'm doing wrong? I have a formula that works for everything until it evaluates the last part for cell E9. Please see below:

        =IF(A9="REC 365",IF(C9="5 Year 4.99%",IF(E9="3.3",'REC Data Set'!A3:G25,"")))

        If I remove the E9 portion the formula works fine. I am out of ideas at this point and I've even gone in and tried referencing different cells and removing formatting from E9 and trying to use different cells instead of E9 to try everything I can think of. Please let me know if you are willing to take a look.

        Thanks again either way!

        • Ben V. says:

          I want to add that it has something to do with E9 being a number. When I change the formula to this:

          =IF(A9="REC 365",IF(C9="5 Year 4.99%",IF(L10="G",'REC Data Set'!A3:G25,"")))

          It works perfectly. For some reason the formula fails when it involves numbers of any sort.
          L10 is just a random cell i used for testing and populated it with the value G. Any ideas on why it would fail with it being a number?

          Thanks again!

        • Hello!
          I already wrote to you that you are comparing text with a number. Change the formula

          = IF(A9 = "REC 365", IF(C9 = "5 Year 4.99%", IF(E9 = 3.3, 'REC Data Set'! A3: G25, "")))

    • Gaurav says:

      how can u get result? you asking for result with many cells in one cell.. check again

  19. Ben V. says:

    I was able to do a work around of some sort that I'm okay with using for now. Id still like to know why its failing but I'm okay for now. This is my work around formula below:

    =IF(A9="REC 365",IF(C9="5 Year 4.99%",IF(E9="A 3.30",'REC Data Set'!A3:G25,"")))

    When the "A" is introduced, it works fine. Very strange.

    Thanks for listening to me complain LOL

  20. Daniel says:


    I wonder if you can help? I am trying to get a score in excel. We have to score clients on the amount of outgoing they spend. For example if someone has an outgoing <2000 they get a score of 0, if they have -1000 to -5000 they get a score of 1, if they have -5001 to -10000 they get a score of 2.

    Does that make sense? Basically scoring someone on their outgoings but I don't know how to do this with minus figures and when someone has a from to figure.

    Any help would be great.

  21. SONIA M says:


    I would want a formula to sum the multiple cells only in case whereever it is mentioned as roll up.

    MatchID Status Amount
    12345. Roll up HERE I need to have the sum the amount of below two rows
    12345. 100
    12345. 100

  22. TIM says:

    I'm trying to work our a formula to add times to different delivery methods. for example . if seafreight add 42 days to dispatched date. if Airfreight add 14 days to dispatched date.

    any ideas

  23. Jodie says:


    I have a table with multiple columns - Gift, Type, Date, Year Since Gift & Exempted.

    Under Type there is a 2 option dropdown menu. - Charity and BPR.

    I have got the Year since gift to automatically calculate the years.

    What I would like to be able to do is have the Exempt column show "yes" or "no" if the gift is exempt.

    If the Type column shows "Charity" it is exempt, so the exempt column would need to show Yes.
    If the Type column shows "BPR" and it has been more than 2 years in the years since gift column it would be exempt, so would need to show "Yes". If its not exempt, I would like the column to show "No".

    This is the formula that I have used, but it does not work correctly.


    Please can you advise.

    Thank you!

  24. Lea says:

    I was wondering if you could help me? I am trying to figure out what is wrong with this formula. I keeping getting the #VALUE! error.


    Thanks in advance!

  25. John says:

    I was looking all over on how to code the IF AND OR formula for different shifts base on a time and your example on the grades showed me the way.
    =IF(ISBLANK(D1),"",IF(AND(D1>=TIME(6,0,0),D1=TIME(14,0,0),D1<TIME(22,0,0)),"2nd Shift","Night Shift")))
    There may be a better way, but this is working

  26. John Aalegaard Larsen says:

    guys i've spend 5 hours. I just can't figure this out, so i seek help from you and god himself.
    I want to make an IF statement between theese numbers.
    7% $1,000.00
    8% $10,000.00
    9% $50,000.00
    9.50% $100,000.00

    how do I make if between 1000 and 9999 then show 7% or between 10000 and 49999 then show 8% etc.. etc...

    all my love

    • Hello!
      I hope you have studied the recommendations in the tutorial above. It contains answers to your question

      =IF(A1>=100000,9.5%,IF(A1>=50000,9%,IF(A1>=10000,8%,7% ) ) )

      Hope this is what you need.

      • John Aalegaard Larsen says:

        Thx for your fast reply. I just figured it out my self.
        the "=IF" functions does not work. I ahve to use an "=IF(And(" function.
        so the code gonna look like this
        =if(and(K14=F12,K14=F13,K14=F14,K14=F15,K14=F16,K14=F17,K14=F18),E18,"Forkert beløb i j14"))))))))

        Thx for helping it's much appreciated

      • John Aalegaard Larsen says:

        I have another great question which is even harder to figure out.
        I got this cummulative calculations which starts with
        5% of all up to 10,000.00 $
        10% of all between 100001 and up to 20,000.00 $
        12% of all between 20001 up to 50,000.00 $
        etc. etc..

        how do I make that calcualtion so it won't keeping make 5% of all after 10k but still SUM the all the differnet percentages?

        thx for your time and help. how can I share your knowledge with the community?

        • Hello!
          You have not described all the conditions and the expected result, but I think the following formula will suit you:

          =MIN(A1,10000)*5% + MAX(0,A1-MIN(MAX(0,A1-20000),30000) - MAX(0,A1-50000)-10000)*10% + MIN(MAX(0,A1-20000),30000)*12% + MAX(0,A1-50000)*12%

          I hope it’ll be helpful.

  27. B says:

    Is there a way to make this Countif statement work?

    =COUNTIF(C11:C112,"Low", AND D11:D112,"Work in Progress")

  28. Naeem Sabir says:

    I want to have solution of the following, if some one can help me:

    Cell A1 = Professional
    Cell A26 = sum of figures from cell A2 to A25
    I want to have results in A30 that if cell A1 is equal to "Professional" and results of A26 is less than or equal to 400 than it should display the results of A26 otherwise 400 should be there,

    Hope anyone of you can understand my query

    Naeem Sabir

  29. Debi says:

    Please can someone help me with an excel formula? I have a cell E6 which has a drop down (Not Applicable, Fully Implemented, Mostly Implemented, Partly Implemented and Not Implemented). I want cell E7 to output 100%, 100%, 75%, 50% and 0% when E6 is Not Applicable, Fully Implemented, Mostly Implemented, Partly Implemented and Not Implemented respectively.

  30. Edz says:

    Hi, i want determine the latest date for this:
    If: a1=complete, c1=complete, e1=complete,g1=complete, i1=complete, if all of these are in "complete status" i want to get the latest date: b1=2/1/2020,d1=3/2/2020,f1=4/2/2020,h1=5/1/2020,j1=6/1/2020,j1=7/1/2020

  31. Swapnil says:

    If you write 5 column like this

    B. Source (broker,ref and direct)
    C .product value
    D. commission %
    E. Commission amount( need formuls this column)

    1 ) if any broker(column B) sale 1 product
    Get commission (product value* 2%)=

    2 ) any existing buyer through his refrence sale 1 product to any customer
    Get commission 3 types
    * 1 st deal = 10k
    * 2 nd deal = 20k
    * 3 rd deal = 30k


    3) if direct sale any product
    Get 0 commision

    How to codition formula in one cell

  32. Aria says:

    Hi would you be able to help me with the below. I have 2 formulas that work separately however want to merge them into one formula.

    =IF(OR(AND(SUM(W3:X3)>=100,Y3>=0), AND(SUM(W3:X3)<=100, Y3<=0)), "Yes", "No")

    =IF(W3="","N/A", IF( X3= "", "N/A", IF(Y3="", "N/A")))

    I would like to add into the first formula that if W3 or X3 or Y3 are blank, then it should return "N/A"

  33. Aleksandra Anna says:

    i have a list of names, scores, sex and statuses and here's my assignment:

    if the "status" of the customer is "Faculty" then give it a value with "Dr. " plus a space plus First Name plus a space plus Last Name.
    if the "status" of the customer is "student" and the "sex" is "M" then give it a value with "Mr. " plus space plus first name space plus last name
    if the "status" of the customer is "student" and the "sex" is "F" then give it a value with "Ms. " plus a space plus first name plus space plus last name

    please help me out with that one i am completely clueless on how to do it..

  34. Mensah Samuel says:

    Good morning Svetlana,
    I really need some help on this,
    How do i write a formula to convert every 0.30 to 1.
    Assuming cell a1 contains 100, how do i count very 30 as 1.

    I hope this makes sense and I really appreciate the assistance!!
    Thank you in advance for the help!!
    Kind regards,


  35. Mostafa Manik says:

    Hi Friends

    Could you please help me to get the excel formula?

    c11 = 50% of b11 or 100000, which one is lower


  36. Michael says:

    Hello, I am attempting to forecast employee availability based upon a singular calendar date.

    Through conditional formatting I’ve created cells to be filled if they align with the start and end dates based upon a singular employee being able to forecast 10 different start and end dates columns.

    I was able to get all 10 to feed into a singular cell based on a IF(OR(AND statement, however I will only get a 1 if true and 0 if false. For the entirety of the formula...

    My end-state is that I would like to create a data validation that doesn’t allow any date to overlap any of the other dates.

    My thought was if a cell yielded 1, great! If the cell went greater than 1, then the user would get an error message stating the date overlaps with another.

    Unless you know a better solution? I am all ears, Grand Master Yoda :)

    Please Help
    Warm Regards, Michael

    • Hello!
      Unfortunately, without seeing your data it is impossible to give you advice.

      I'm sorry, it is not very clear what result you want to get. Could you please describe your task in more detail and send us a small sample workbook with the source data and expected result to support@ablebits.com? Please shorten your tables to 10-20 rows/columns and include the link to your blog comment.

      We'll look into your task and try to help.

  37. May says:

    Hi can anyone spot the error in the following formula? Thanks.

    =IF(C$7<=55,"37%", IF(55<C$7<=60,"26%", IF(60<C$765,"12.5%"))))

    It gives either 37% (for 55) as outcome.

  38. Raju S says:


    Can any one apply the formula for given 2 conditions please.

    Marks 20 to 40
    Marks 41 to 60
    Marks 61 to 80
    Marks 81 to 100

    Eligible Marks 30
    Score (Marks) 30
    % of Marks 100
    Award for 1500

    Eligible Marks 30
    Score (Marks) 35
    % of Marks 117
    Award for 2500

    Marks 20 to 40
    Marks 41 to 60
    Marks 61 to 80
    Marks 81 to 100

    Eligible Marks 45
    Score (Marks) 45
    % of Marks 100
    Award for 2000

    Eligible Marks 45
    Score (Marks) 55
    % of Marks 122
    Award for 3000

  39. Raju S says:

    Marks >=20 & Marks =20 & Marks =41 & Marks =41 & Marks <=60
    % Marks 110 & Above
    Eligible for Rs.3000/- reward

  40. Amanda says:

    Perhaps you can help me. I am hoping to write a IF + AND statement with multiple results.
    A171 is "2" and A1 >53 AND <71 is "0". Thanks!

  41. Amanda says:

    Sorry meant that I wish the span of normal to be between 53.

    My initial thought was fx= IF(A1>=71, "hypertension, IF(A1<=53, "hypotension, IF(A1=53, "normal"))))

  42. Eric says:

    I have a condition kindly provide me the formula

    upto 10 KM a company charges $20
    above it per km a have additional charges is $2 per KM

    if a person travel following km what was the formula

    A B C D E F
    1 18
    2 10
    3 24

    Then what is the formula I put in B1

  43. FAZIL says:

    is it possible to use VLOOUP function in multiple IF statements as below? already try cannot work.

    need your advice if have another way to solve it.

    thanks in advance.


    • Hello!
      It is very difficult to understand a formula that contains unique references to your workbook worksheets. Hence, I cannot check its work, sorry.
      However, the formula contains an error. Try to change it.


      I hope it’ll be helpful.

  44. john Aalegaard Larsen says:

    Hey Ablebits.
    Thx for this amazing page. i've been using you so much. I'm unsure on how I post a question in a new topic. so feel free to move me in the right Direction.

    I have this Formula
    =if(and(D16=C4,D16=C5,D16=C6,D16=C7,D16=C8,D16=C9,D16=C10),B10,"Forkert beløb i D16"))))))))

    How do I fast make changes to this, so that all the times it says "D16" I will change it to "K30"

  45. J Dass says:

    Trying to write a formula for calculation of: 25% of the quantity or (quantity x rate = ) Rs.5000 whichever is more

  46. Carrie says:

    I have multiple sheets with similar information; students fill in one of the sheets but I want the last sheet to look at all the other sheets (at a specific cell) to see which one(s) are filled in and enter that number in the formula cell. The number will be the same regardless of the sheet information entered in. So regardless of which sheet the information was entered on, it should return a specific number.

    • Carrie says:

      This is one of the formulas I tried; but I received an error (#value!) - =IF((OR(AP!E5:S5=1, OA!G5:S5=1)), "1", "0"). I am looking at a range of cells in each sheet for a response.

  47. Sean says:

    I have to add 'if A2>=200,B2=200,B2<=0)),"999",A2/B2)

    But, Can I make this formula in IFERROR form ? because in 'value in false' shows #DIV/0!

    Thank you very much in Advance.

  48. Eric says:

    Hello Team, I want to know the formula if 35Km, 45Km, 65KM is their and I want to fixed $7 for 5Km per ride then what was the formula

  49. Dragos says:

    hello Team, I'm a bit stuck I need your help. So what I'm trying to do is to put 'if' formula in this way:
    I have 10 persons and 8 cars, when I put a person to work i want to be assign to a car, but when that person is off I want another person to be on that car. The problem that I have is that if I put the first person off the second person will take the car but the will double up.
    My formula is in this way: =if(B=1, A, B=0, C). I also tried =if(B=1, A, B=0, C, C=1, D)
    I think I would need a 'but' somehow but I don't get the hang of it.
    Any ideas would be very helpfull

    thank you

  50. Andre says:

    Hi, need help to create a formula that can add 7 numbers (my own given numbers) to generate 5 number combinations between 1 and 36.

  51. RAJ says:

    I need to help do this correction and needed to add more like this???


  52. Scott says:

    Okay, I have a question. I am trying to pull data from one cell that has a lot of data. IF the data were consistent, I believe it would be easy. But it is not.

    So, I have cell A2 for example the data in the cell is something similar to this:
    Persons Cell Phone Number: 123-456-7890 (not everyone enters it that format and I can't 'force' it to be that way)

    Persons Personal E-Mail Address: (again, not everyone types it out the same)
    -Variations could be Persons Personal E-Mail Address: with or without a space before the start of the email
    Persons E-Mail Address: with or without a space before the start of the email

    All I want to do is easily pull out the persons email address and cell phone number. Here is an actual example of some of the data that could be in ONE cell (the data is not always in this order):

    ________ (SM INITIALS)
    ________ (SM INITIALS)


    • Hello!
      To extract e-mail from the text, use the formula:


      To extract a phone number from text, use the formula:


      I hope this will help, otherwise please do not hesitate to contact me anytime.

      • Scott says:

        Thanks, the problem is that only works if the data is all exactly the same. If the way they enter the title of the persons email address is PERSONS E-MAIL ADDRESS then it might work if all of the other data was in the same location, character wise, in each cell. Sometimes, however, they enter the title of the persons email address as PERSONS PERSONAL E-MAIL ADDRESS: sometimes they enter it as PERSONS E-MAIL ADDRESS: and then to top it off, if they put spaces after the : it throws it off even more.

  53. Noelle Zarate says:

    Hello Ma'am

    how can i summary all the fail and pass in the same sheet? I want to separate all the fail and pass after using if function please help. I don't want to manual copy and paste the name the selected fail or pass thank you and GOD bless.

  54. NDAH PRAISE says:

    I have issues producing a function to fit in my amount cell.
    I have income from 3 sources Beans, Rice and Garri and I can only spend within the income received from each of these items. So I have an income section where I record income received from these items and their totals are in cell (A5, C5, E5 respectively). So For example, if I received 10,000frs as income from Beans, I cannot spend above the 10,000frs.
    I now have an Expenditure section where I have a date column, a searchable list column where I can select the source of income (Beans, Rice, or Garri) i want to spend from at the time being and then a column for amount.
    I want an IF function that when the amount of Expenditure of a particular item is more than the income received for that item, it should give an error message.
    For example. If I received 10,000frs for Beans, and I put the first Expense in the amount of Expenditure section, 5,000frs, choosing Beans as source of income and now if I want to put the second Expenditure on a different date say 6,000frs still choosing Beans as source of income. It should return an error message because is more than 10,000frs income received from that item (Beans)

    Please can someone help me out

  55. Keith says:

    I'm getting a FALSE status on the one logic.


    Q8 is the date 9/17/2020
    R8 is a dollar amount

    Logic 3 keeps returning FALSE, but I can't figure out why.

    I'll be copying this down a column where some of the dates fit the parameters.


    hi all

    i have some data like column a column b column c column d column e
    a1 b1 c1 d1 e1 f1 g1 h1 i1 j1
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    if b1="a", then c1 should 2 d1 3 e1 3 like series should continue
    if a1="a", b1="a", then c1 shoud start with 1, d1 2, e1 3 4 5 6 like

    if f1 "a", g1 should start with 6,7,8,9,10............

    A letter it may repeat and continues , but series should be continue.

    ple provide the formula for above logic.


    I want to apply a formula to print purchase order status is active or if print purchase order status is cancel then print cancel. please guide me what is the formula i need to apply to get result

  58. Eissa says:

    Please i need a formula for the following:
    If "Abbasia" then add 30 minutes to the time (The time is in another cell) and if Maadi Please write the time as it is (The time is in another cell)

  59. Eli says:

    Hi! A non-techy person here and I need help for the formula for this please. (If B2 and C2 is blank then 0, if B2 and C2 has a value then D1+B2-C2) Thanks in advance!

  60. JATINDER says:

    English Punjabi Hindi Math Science SST Comp Sci BELOW40% 90%&ABOVE
    16 24 40 8 8 12 20 0 108 45.0 ENG,MAT,SST
    24 28 40 10 18 12 26 0 132 55.0 ENG,PUN,MAT,SCI,SST HIN
    12 6 6 8 10 12 14 0 54 22.5
    16 22 10 4 10 4 22 0 66 27.5
    18 20 30 14 16 18 16 0 116 48.3
    14 22 30 14 16 18 16 0 114 47.5

  61. Dolan says:


    I'm having a bit of a challenge on this issue. I have a list of 2 columns, A and B.
    Column A has duplicates that I need to remove, but I need to "Textjoin" column B first.

    > Forgive extra Parenthesis, I need them to be able to read it better.

    Currently using "=IFS((A2=A3), (TEXTJOIN(", ",TRUE,B2,B3)))

    However, the problem is that it leads to duplicate text joins, and it has a limit to how many values it's joining. I have it set as the first function of the column to start things out.

    Formula #2 I came up with:
    =IF((A2=A3), (TEXTJOIN(", ",TRUE,B2,B3)), (IFS((A2=A1), (TEXTJOIN(",",TRUE,E1, B2)))))

    However, even this doesn't work as I want it to because it's merging cells multiple times. Not all of the groupings are by two. Some are 5 cells, some are 3, etc.

    Formula #3 I came up with:
    For this one to work I had to put in a value for the first cell in Column C. (I just set it =A2).
    "=IFS((A3=A2), (TEXTJOIN(", ",TRUE,C2,B3)), (A3=A4), (TEXTJOIN(", ",TRUE, B3, B4)))"

    Formula #3 produced the best results, but still adding cells incorrectly.

    The reason for this; there are roughly 12K rows and I need to reduce it as much as possible. However, I don't have a month to go cell by cell confirming it joined correctly.

    Hopefully you can pass on some assistance!

    • Hello!
      Unfortunately, without seeing your data it is difficult to give you any advice. In which cells do you write these formulas? Please provide me with an example of the source data and the expected result.
      Could you please describe your task in more detail and send us a small sample workbook with the source data and expected result to support@ablebits.com? Please shorten your tables to 10-20 rows/columns and include the link to your blog comment.
      We'll look into your task and try to help.

  62. john says:

    Rate Quantity Result
    2 2 4
    2 Text Text
    Text 2 2
    Text1 Text2 Text2

    I need the result like this help me with the formula please

  63. Innocent says:

    In Cell I5 Create a drop down list with MON,TUE,WED, THU, FRI, SAT, SUN
    In Cell I5 Select TUE from the drop down list
    In Cell I6 Create a drop down list with BKLYN, QNS, NYC, BX, SI
    In Cell I6 Select NYC from the drop down list
    In Cell J5 Create an IFS formula that will result "# of Drivers working" on the DAY selected in Cell I5 and
    the BORO selected in Cell I6
    I know, how many drivers were working on the selected day and borough as I am following the chart but I have a problem with the formula. I don't know, how the formula will be since it requires me to have a formula in one cell with two different condition. Need help in formula.

    MON in Bklyn, Nyc, Qns, Bx, Si is only 1 driver working
    TUE all the same monday results
    Wed all the same monday results
    Thur all the same monday results
    Fri all the same monday results
    Sat all the same monday results
    Sun all the same monday results
    Only 1 driver was working when the condition met with any options if its Days or Borough they all have a same answer which is 1.


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