Using IF function in Excel: formulas for numbers, text, dates, blank cells

The IF function is one of the most popular and useful functions in Excel. You use an IF statement to ask Excel to test a condition and to return one value if the condition is met, and another value if the condition is not met.

In this tutorial, we are going to learn the syntax and common usages of Excel IF function, and then will have a closer look at formula examples that will hopefully prove helpful both to beginners and experienced Excel users.

Excel IF function - syntax and usage

The IF function is one of Excel's logical functions that evaluates a certain condition and returns the value you specify if the condition is TRUE, and another value if the condition is FALSE.

The syntax for Excel IF is as follows:

IF(logical_test, [value_if_true], [value_if_false])

As you see, the IF function has 3 arguments, but only the first one is obligatory, the other two are optional.

  • logical_test (required) - a value or logical expression that can be either TRUE or FALSE. In this argument, you can specify a text value, date, number, or any comparison operator.

    For example, your logical test can be expressed as or B1="sold", B1<12/1/2014, B1=10 or B1>10.

  • value_if_true (optional) - the value to return when the logical test evaluates to TRUE, i.e. if the condition is met.

    For example, the following formula will return the text "Good" if a value in cell B1 is greater than 10: =IF(B1>10, "Good")

  • value_if_false (optional) - the value to be returned if the logical test evaluates to FALSE, i.e. if the condition is not met.

    For example, if you add "Bad" as the third parameter to the above formula, it will return the text "Good" if a value in cell B1 is greater than 10, otherwise, it will return "Bad": =IF(B1>10, "Good", "Bad")

Excel IF function - formula example

Excel IF function - things to remember!

Though the last two parameters of the IF function are optional, your formula may produce unexpected results if you don't know the underlying logic beneath the hood.

  1. If value_if_true is omitted

    If the value_if_true argument is omitted in your Excel IF formula (i.e. there is only a comma following logical_test), the IF function returns zero (0) when the condition is met. Here is an example of such a formula: =IF(B1>10,, "Bad")

    In case you don't want your Excel IF statement to display any value when the condition is met, enter double quotes ("") in the second parameter, like this: =IF(B1>10, "", "Bad"). Technically, in this case the formula returns an empty string, which is invisible to the user but perceivable to other Excel functions.

    The following screenshot demonstrates the above approaches in action, and the second one seems to be more sensible:
    IF formulas with the value_if_true argument omitted

  2. If value_if_false is omitted

    If you don't care what happens when the specified condition is not met, you can omit the 3rd parameter in your Excel IF formulas, which will result in the following.

    If the logical test evaluates to FALSE and the value_if_false parameter is omitted (there is just a closing bracket after the value_if_true argument), the IF function returns the logical value FALSE. It's a bit unexpected, isn't it? Here is an example of such a formula: =IF(B1>10, "Good")

    Putting a comma after the value_if_true argument forces your IF statement to return 0, which doesn't make much sense either: =IF(B1>10, "Good",)

    And again, the most reasonable approach is to put "" in the third argument, in this case you will have empty cells when the condition is not met: =IF(B1>10, "Good", "")
    IF formulas with the value_if_false argument omitted

  3. Get the IF function to display logical values TRUE or FALSE

    For your Excel IF formula to display the logical values TRUE and FALSE when the specified condition is met and not met, respectively, type TRUE in the value_if_true argument. The value_if_false parameter can be FALSE or omitted. Here's a formula example:

    =IF(B1>10, TRUE, FALSE)
    or
    =IF(B1>10, TRUE)
    an example of the IF function that displays logical values TRUE or FALSE

    Note. For your Excel IF statement to return TRUE and FALSE as the logical values (Boolean values) that other Excel formulas can recognize, make sure you don't enclose them in double quotes. A visual indication of a Boolean is middle align in a cell, as you see in the screenshot above.

    If you want "TRUE" and "FALSE" to be usual text values, enclose them in "double quotes". In this case, the returned values will be aligned left and formatted as General. No Excel formula will recognize such "TRUE" and "FALSE" text as logical values.

  4. IF statement to perform a math operation and return a result

    Instead of returning certain values, you can get your IF formula to test the specified condition, perform a corresponding math operation and return a value based on the result. You do this by using arithmetic operators or other Excel functions in the value_if_true and /or value_if_false arguments. Here are just a couple of formula examples:

    Example 1: =IF(A1>B1, C3*10, C3*5)

    The formula compares the values in cells A1 and B1, and if A1 is greater than B1, it multiplies the value in cell C3 by 10, by 5 otherwise.

    Example 2: =IF(A1<>B1, SUM(A1:D1), "")

    The formula compares the values in cells A1 and B1, and if A1 is not equal to B1, the formula returns the sum of values in cells A1:D1, an empty string otherwise.

Using the IF function in Excel - formula examples

Now that you are familiar with the Excel IF function's syntax, let's look at some formula examples and learn how to use IF as a worksheet function in Excel.

Excel IF statement for numbers: greater than, less than, equal to

The use of the IF function with numeric values is based on using different comparison operators to express your conditions. You will find the full list of logical operators illustrated with formula examples in the table below.

Condition Operator Formula Example Description
Greater than > =IF(A2>5, "OK",) If the number in cell A2 is greater than 5, the formula returns "OK"; otherwise 0 is returned.
Less than < =IF(A2<5, "OK", "") If the number in cell A2 is less than 5, the formula returns "OK"; an empty string otherwise.
Equal to = =IF(A2=5, "OK", "Wrong number") If the number in cell A2 is equal to 5, the formula returns "OK"; otherwise the function displays "Wrong number".
Not equal to <> =IF(A2<>5, "Wrong number", "OK") If the number in cell A2 is not equal to 5, the formula returns "Wrong number "; otherwise - "OK".
Greater than or equal to >= =IF(A2>=5, "OK", "Poor") If the number in cell A2 is greater than or equal to 5, the formula returns "OK"; otherwise - "Poor".
Less than or equal to <= =IF(A2<=5, "OK", "") If the number in cell A2 is less than or equal to 5, the formula returns "OK"; an empty string otherwise.

The screenshot below demonstrates the IF formula with the "Greater than or equal to" logical operator in action:
the IF formula with the

Excel IF function examples for text values

Generally, you write an Excel if statement with text using either "equal to" or "not equal to" operator, as demonstrated in a couple of IF examples that follow.

Example 1. Case-insensitive IF formula for text values

Like the overwhelming majority of Excel functions, IF is case-insensitive by default. What it means for you is that logical tests for text values do not recognize case in usual IF formulas.

For example, the following IF formula returns either "Yes" or "No" based on the "Delivery Status" (column C):

=IF(C2="delivered", "No", "Yes")

Translated into plain English, the formula tells Excel to return "No" if a cell in column C contains the word "Delivered", otherwise return "Yes". At that, it does not really matter how you type the word "Delivered" in the logical_test argument - "delivered", "Delivered", or "DELIVERED". Nor does it matter whether the word "Delivered" is in lowercase or uppercase in the source table, as illustrated in the screenshot below.
Case-insensitive IF formula for text values

Another way to achieve exactly the same result is to use the "not equal to" operator and swap the value_if_true and value_if_false arguments:

=IF(C2<>"delivered", "Yes", "No")

Example 2. Case-sensitive IF formula for text values

If you want a case-sensitive logical test, use the IF function in combination with EXACT that compares two text strings and returns TRUE if the strings are exactly the same, otherwise it returns FALSE. The EXACT functions is case-sensitive, though it ignores formatting differences.

You use IF with EXACT in this way:

=IF(EXACT(C2,"DELIVERED"), "No", "Yes")

Where C is the column to which your logical test applies and "DELIVERED" is the case-sensitive text value that needs to be matched exactly.
Case-sensitive IF formula for text values

Naturally, you can also use a cell reference rather than a text value in the 2nd argument of the EXACT function, if you want to.

Note. When using text values as parameters for your IF formulas, remember to always enclose them in "double quotes".

Example 3. Excel if statement for text with partial match

If you want to base your condition on a partial match rather than exact match, an immediate solution that comes to mind is using wildcard characters (* or ?) in the logical_test argument. However, this simple and obvious approach won't work. Many Excel functions accept wildcards, but regrettably IF is not one of them.

A solution is to use IF in combination with ISNUMBER and SEARCH (case-insensitive) or FIND (case-sensitive) functions.

For example, if No action is required both for "Delivered" and "Out for delivery" items, the following formula will work a treat:

=IF(ISNUMBER(SEARCH("deliv",C2)), "No", "Yes")
IF formula for text values with partial match

We've used the SEARCH function in the above formula since a case-insensitive match suits better for our data. If you want a case-sensitive match, simply replace SEARCH with FIND in this way:

=IF(ISNUMBER(FIND("text", where to search)), value_if_true, value_if_false)

Excel IF formula examples for dates

At first sight, it may seem that IF formulas for dates are identical to IF statements for numeric and text values that we've just discussed. Regrettably, it is not so.

Unlike many other Excel functions, IF cannot recognize dates and interprets them as mere text strings, which is why you cannot express your logical test simply as >"11/19/2014" or >11/19/2014. Neither of the above arguments is correct, alas.

Example 1. IF formulas for dates with DATEVALUE function

To make the Excel IF function recognize a date in your logical test as a date, you have to wrap it in the DATEVALUE function, like this DATEVALUE("11/19/2014"). The complete IF formula may take the following shape:

=IF(C2<DATEVALUE("11/19/2014"), "Completed", "Coming soon")

As illustrated in the screenshot below, this IF formula evaluates the dates in column C and returns "Completed" if a game was played before Nov-11. Otherwise, the formula returns "Coming soon".
An example of the IF formula with the DATEVALUE function

Example 2. IF formulas with TODAY() function

In case you base your condition on the current date, you can use the TODAY() function in the logical_test argument of your IF formula. For example:

=IF(C2<DATEVALUE("11/19/2014"), "Completed", "Coming soon")

Naturally, the Excel IF function can understand more complex logical tests, as demonstrated in the next example.

Example 3. Advanced IF formulas for future and past dates

Suppose, you want to mark only the dates that occur in more than 30 days from now. In this case, you can express the logical_test argument as A2-TODAY()>30. The complete IF formula may be as follows:

=IF(A2-TODAY()>30, "Future date", "")

To point out past dates that occurred more than 30 days ago, you can use the following IF formula:

=IF(TODAY()-A2>30, "Past date", "")
Advanced IF formulas for future and past dates

If you want to have both indications in one column, you will need to use a nested IF function like this:

=IF(A2-TODAY()>30, "Future date", IF(TODAY()-A2>30, "Past date", ""))
A nested IF formula for dates

Excel IF examples for blank, non-blank cells

If you want to somehow mark your data based on a certain cell(s) being empty or not empty, you can either:

  • Use the Excel IF function in conjunction with ISBLANK, or
  • Use the logical expressions ="" (equal to blank) or <>"" (not equal to blank).

The table below explains the difference between these two approaches and provides formula example.

Logical test Description Formula Example
Blank cells ="" Evaluates to TRUE if a specified cell is visually empty, including cells with zero length strings.

Otherwise, evaluates to FALSE.

=IF(A1="", 0, 1)

Returns 0 if A1 is visually blank. Otherwise returns 1.

If A1 contains an empty string, the formula returns 0.

ISBLANK() Evaluates to TRUE is a specified cell contains absolutely nothing - no formula, no empty string returned by some other formula.

Otherwise, evaluates to FALSE.

=IF(ISBLANK(A1), 0, 1)

Returns the results identical to the above formula but treats cells with zero length strings as non-blank cells.

That is, if A1 contains an empty string, the formula returns 1.

Non-blank cells <>"" Evaluates to TRUE if a specified cell contains some data. Otherwise, evaluates to FALSE.

Cells with zero length strings are considered blank.

=IF(A1<>"", 1, 0)

Returns 1 if A1 is non-blank; otherwise returns 0.

If A1 contains an empty string, the formula returns 0.

ISBLANK()=FALSE Evaluates to TRUE if a specified cell is not empty. Otherwise, evaluates to FALSE.

Cells with zero length strings are considered non-blank.

=IF(ISBLANK(A1)=FALSE, 0, 1)

Works the same as the above formula, but returns 1 if A1 contains an empty string.

The following example demonstrates blank / non-blank logical test in action.

Suppose, you have a date in column C only if a corresponding game (column B) was played. Then, you can use either of the following IF formulas to mark completed games:

=IF($C2<>"", "Completed", "")

=IF(ISBLANK($C2)=FALSE, "Completed", "")

Since there are no zero-length strings in our table, both formulas will return identical results:
The IF formula for blank / non-blank cells

Hopefully, the above examples have helped you understand the general logic of the IF function. In practice, however, you would often want a single IF formula to check multiple conditions, and our next article will show you how to tackle this task. In addition, we will also explore nested IF functions, array IF formulas, IFEFFOR and IFNA functions and more. Please stay tuned and thank you for reading!

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3,437 Responses to "Using IF function in Excel: formulas for numbers, text, dates, blank cells"

  1. Akash says:

    Assign sequential numeric numbers to each company with IF funciton. If a company name is repeated, it will have the same number.
    anyone please slve this?

  2. Sittu says:

    Hi, I just want the formula like I just evolving each cell's values like marks. If more than (for example >=50) just want to show that value only using.
    For example, someone takes 40, 45, 50, 30 evolving all values and retrieve only more than 50 values.

  3. Eugene khanda says:

    Make sure the brackets are full closed .This will prevent the repetion.

  4. Sathyanarayana V says:

    Very Nice, i got it what i wanted thank you.

  5. Kamaran says:

    Hi,
    I have D9 = 0 to 2000, I would like to write this formula in C10
    if the value of D9 is equal or greater than 15, then cell C10 value will be 15, otherwise, the value of cell C10 should equal to the value in D9
    =IF(D9>=15,C10=15,C10=D9)
    But, it doesn't give what I want. anyone can help?
    Thank you

  6. D Patel says:

    hi! like to corelate data in 2 sheets of same excel file. e.g. sheet 1 and sheet 2
    I need help to create if or
    any formula like
    =if(sheet1b2=10,"sheet2A3=Sheet1A3","blank")

    plz help

  7. Jamie says:

    Can u direct me on the error of my formula? =IF(E22>0)B22+E22
    I want it to be cell B22+E22. But ONLY if there is an entry in E22. If E22 hasn't been filled in yet, then I want the formula to be in place but not to SHOW. Much Appreciated!

  8. Jaime Wong says:

    Can you help me write a formula for the following situation plse.
    If A1-A2 is less than zero, then show the negative value. If not, then show zero.
    Tks

  9. Ashwini Anand says:

    Hi Sveetlana Cheusheva
    Is it possible that if I enter any text in column"P", "L" should show what is there in "K".
    =IF(NOT(ISBLANK(P7)),"0","=K7")
    =IF(ISBLANK(P7)),"=K7","0")

  10. dEEPAK says:

    i using if condition formula it taking only 10 conditions is it only 10 conditions allowed

  11. Ricardo Lewis says:

    Can you help me to accurately represent this formula please:
    =IF(L4>0612,"High Risk")

  12. Sudone says:

    IF Early Bird criteria - Customers who want to avail of an Early Bird discount must place their orders on weekdays between 11:45 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. (for lunch) or 6:45 p.m. - 7:30 p.m. (for dinner).
    Write a logical function to find out whether a customer is an early bird. (refer to the 'Early Bird' criteria stated above) In your function, you will have to reference Column E values (day of week) and Column F (time of order) to determine whether customers are early birds. Think about how you will reference the early bird criteria.
    If a customer is an early bird, the function should return "Early Bird". Otherwise, the function should return a blank value.

  13. Ez says:

    Hi Svetlana,
    I am trying to achieve in the formula to show the following:
    If the cell drop down is selected with "CB2" is standalone to show "local", if "CB2" & "CB3" (combined) to show "local & far" and if "CB3" to show "far"
    How can I achieve this?
    TIA

    • Adrian says:

      Hi Tia,
      There seems to be a problem with the IF(AND()) function. The comment truncates the formula for some reason.
      =IF(A1="CB2","LOCAL",IF(AND(A1="CB2",A1="CB3"),"LOCAL & FAR",IF(A1="CB3","FAR","")))

  14. Ikram Siddiqui says:

    Good Morning,

    I am trying an exercise in Excel, we have a sheet some details, however, in the first column A2, have some digit number in the same column digit will be sometime 7, 8, 10 and some case digit numbers with dots then TWO digits.

    I am looking for a formula that can help me to write text in the next column............

    Example : =IF(A2=(len)8,"NOBILIA",IF(A2=(len)7,"IMPULS",IF(A2=(len)10,"LINEA DÉCOR"))).

    Will you please help me with it.

    Sincerely yours
    Ikram Siddiqui

  15. neil says:

    I would like to check a cell for currency format and if its in £ then multiply it by the $ factor to convert it to $s' and if its in $ then leave it in $s'.
    example: A1 is the £ to $ currency factor; A2 is the value in £ or $; A3 will be the value of A1 in $s.
    I have tried using the IF function, but it will not recognise A1 currency format! I would appreciate some help with this. Many thanks.

  16. Jonathan Peterson says:

    Assuming that A1 is 2006 and B1 is 2006
    =IF(A1=B1,"True","False") comes up True
    but
    =IF(A1="2006","True","False") comes up False.

    How do I resolve this within a formula since the 2006 is coming from a different formula.

    Thanks in advance.

  17. Cindy says:

    Please show me formula for the below. Thank you!
    IF A1 = ABC B1 = 1234; if A1 change to DEF then B1=5678; also if A1 change to GHI then B1=91110

    • JP says:

      This will only work on 4 letters at a time. I'm assuming you meant ABC = 123 and not 1234. If not this wont work for you.

      =IF(MID(A1,1,1)="", "", CODE(UPPER(MID(A1,1,1)))-64&""&IF(MID(A1,2,1)="", "", CODE(UPPER(MID(A1,2,1))) -64&""& IF(MID(A1,3,1)="", "", CODE(UPPER(MID(A1,3,1)))-64&""& IF(MID(A1,4,1)="", "", CODE(UPPER(MID(A1,4,1)))-64))))

      • Cindy says:

        Actually I need 6 digits (ABC=123456). So it doesn't work for me! Thanks for trying!

        • JP says:

          Here is the 6 letter version. To add more numbers you just have to copy everything from IF to the second & and change the number after the A1.
          =IF(MID(A1,1,1)="", "", CODE(UPPER(MID(A1,1,1)))-64&""&IF(MID(A1,2,1)="", "", CODE(UPPER(MID(A1,2,1))) -64&""& IF(MID(A1,3,1)="", "", CODE(UPPER(MID(A1,3,1)))-64&""& IF(MID(A1,4,1)="", "", CODE(UPPER(MID(A1,4,1)))-64&""&IF(MID(A1,5,1)="", "", CODE(UPPER(MID(A1,5,1)))-64&""&IF(MID(A1,6,1)="", "", CODE(UPPER(MID(A1,6,1)))-64))))

    • Hello Cindy,
      Please try to use the formula below to solve your task:

      =IF(A1="ABC", 1234, IF(A1="DEF", 5678, IF(A1="GHI", 91110, 0)))

  18. Ahmadullah says:

    Plz help.....
    If i write a number greater then 100 in a cell mistakenly. I want Excel shows an error in that cell.
    For example
    I write 23 26 56 100 in cells and write mistakenly 105. So i want to show 105 in error.

    • JP says:

      I would just highlight the whole column and do a Conditional Formatting, Highlight Cell Rules, Greater Than..., 100. Then if the cell is highlighted in red you'll know it's over 100.

  19. Syed M Ali says:

    Hey,
    Your tutorial is great. I am trying to get this nested formula but somehow its only picking up last logical test values. Can you please check & advise.

    =IF(B$4>B7<B$3, "Expiring within 2 Weeks", IF(B$3<B7B$2, "Expired", "Valid")))

    Regards

  20. G says:

    Depending on the city, you will either take a shuttle to/from the airport or rent a car. Insert an IF function that compares to see if Yes or No is located in the Rental Car? Column for a city. If the city contains No, display the value in cell F2. If the city contains Yes, display the value in the Rental Car Total (F4)

  21. Shelby Fling says:

    Hi is it possible to do an if formula when a cell is either finance or cash have it do another formula to equal commission?

  22. Megan says:

    I need to lock one column so the formula is displayed but do not want the rest of the spreadsheet formulas to show. How can you freeze one column display the formula?

  23. John says:

    Hi, I'm trying to write an if/then statement that will represent numerical values. For example, If L48 is greater than L47, then show the value inside L48. If not, show the value inside L47.

    I get it to do the yes, no feature, but I'm having trouble getting it to display the value inside of L48.

  24. Elida says:

    Hi,

    I have the conditional formula on my J cell that read as follows: =IF(G3="F2F","1", "0"). G3 has a drop down menu to choose from and one of the options is F2F. How do I add all the ones at the end of my J cells?

    Thank you,

    Elida

    • Adrian says:

      Do you want different values for the different drop down values in G3? Otherwise, use the formula below. This will give you a 1 if G3 has either F2F,F2F2, or F2F3 (replace with whichever is on your list)
      =IF(OR(G3="F2F",G3="F2F2",G3="F2F3"),1,0)

  25. Phillip Johnson says:

    i have the following formula:
    =if(isblank(A1),"", if(D1<0, weeknum(A1,1),""))
    working with this formula:
    =if(isblank(J2),"", hlookup(max(#REF!),$R$1:$DD$89,row(J2),false))
    to calculate weeks of perfect attendance. However, it has errored out for anything after week 52. how would i fix this to get it to continue past week 52.

  26. ronald greiner says:

    I want to use the IF function to test if one cell (say H5) is above zero, then insert a given cell's value (say the numerical value in C5), if the test is false, then insert another cell value (say the numerical value in E5).

  27. RAMSHI says:

    Hi,
    I need an help to auto calculate the order quantity, if a particular cell is less than eg : 60.

  28. Chamo says:

    I want to make a one formula in Excel for:
    IF 825>the answerthe answer4001,*0.5

  29. James says:

    if C1, C3 & C5 have "text", how to total them in C10?
    (There are approx. 20 cells with or without text that would report to C10.)
    Example: C1 = smith. C3 = . C5 = jones. In this case, I want C10 to show the number "2", allowing me to calculate off of that.
    Thanks in advance!

  30. KHRISTINE says:

    Please help me build a formula as follows:
    if A1 contains A,B or D then it is CLOSED, if A1 contain C then it is OPEN
    thanks

  31. Laura says:

    Hi,
    I am trying to have the value of a cell(B2) in Sheet2 populate in Sheet1 cell(B3). I thought I could do ='Sheet2'!B2, but when there is no data in Sheet2 B2 the value populates as 0 in B3, I would like it to remain blank.

  32. Amy says:

    I'm trying to get an if, then formula to generate a number in a cell if the adjacent cell is a certain letter (for GPA calculations), but i keep getting a value error message. Here is what I wrote: =IF(C3="A",4,IF(C3="b",3,IF(C3-"c",2,IF(C3="D",1,IF(C3="F",0)))))

  33. Needing Help says:

    I have a spreadsheet, with multiple tabs I need to be able to Concatenate a text cell (A3) with a date cell(B3) on a report form, but be blank when the date cell (B3) is empty. this is what I have so Far.
    =IF(AND(NOT(ISBLANK('Super(No7)'!A3))*NOT(ISBLANK('Super(No7)'!B3))),CONCATENATE('Super(No7)'!A3&""&TEXT('Super(No7)'!B3,"DD/MM/YYYY"),"")).
    The above formula works until I add the &TEXT& bit then it returns FALSE. can anyone help please.

  34. theresa says:

    Please i need you assistance to building formula as follows:
    if A1 contains specific text, A OR B OR C = CLOSED
    if A1 contains specific text, C = OPEN
    Many Thanks.

  35. Jason says:

    Id like to ask how to use if function or whatever easy function can be used should I want to display the percentage in a cell if a condition has been met. The condition is if all specified range of cells contains any values like a word or date. Lets just say that cell A1 will display the percentage of completion if cells ranging from A2,A3,A4,A5,A6 contains a value like yes or no or a date.

    • Hi Jason,

      It's not clear how you calculate the percentage of completion, but the idea is to count non-empty cells in the range A2:A6, and if the count is equal to 6, display the percentage, otherwise return an empty string:

      =IF(COUNTIF(A2:A6, "<>"&"")=5, percentage formula, "")

  36. carla says:

    Hi
    I have forgotten how to repeat a certain set of numbers for a spreadsheet.
    For example i have a list of 3 items and i want the IF function to repeat as 123123 etc.
    I have put 3 in the A1 cell and the number 1 in A2.
    Thanks

  37. dina says:

    what is the formula for interval,
    fill the cell outstanding if score 4.5 to 5
    fill the cell V.Good if the score between 3.5 to 4.4, and so on..
    i tried to make rounding but it doesn't work if the number not whole even after rounding

    • Adrian says:

      This one should work. You can change the text results to whichever you think fits better.

      =IF(E5>=4.5,"OUTSTANDING",IF(AND(E5>=3.5,E5=2.5,E5=1.5,E5<2.5),"SATISFACTORY",IF(E5<1.5,"FAIL","")))))

  38. Norrella Jalil says:

    HI, May u help me with this situation?i cant get the right formula for that 0 or negative figure is equal to 0
    0 or negative =0
    >0 -10% = 1
    >10% = 2

  39. Adrian says:

    =IF(G5>10,2,IF(AND ( G5 0),1,IF(G5=0,0,"")))

    The website seems to break the formula... I tried adding spaces to see if it will work...

  40. Adrian says:

    It seems the IF(AND( function is breaking the formula.
    =IF(G5>10,2,
    IF(AND[G50],1,
    IF(G5=0,0,"")))

  41. LEE says:

    Hello, how do I make an if statement see the text in a cell and not a reference? In Cell F2 the value is "T19" I want to say, if F2 = T19 than "A19" with A19 being text not a reference.

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