CONCATENATE in Excel: combine text strings, cells and columns

In this tutorial, you will learn various ways to concatenate text strings, cells, ranges, columns and rows in Excel using the CONCATENATE function and "&" operator.

In your Excel workbooks, the data is not always structured according to your needs. Often you may want to split the content of one cell into individual cells, or do the opposite - combine data from two or more columns into a single column. Common examples that require concatenation in Excel are joining names and address parts, combining text with a formula-driven value, displaying dates and times in the desired format, to name a few.

In this tutorial, we are going to explore various techniques of Excel string concatenation so that you can choose the method best suited for your worksheets.

What is "concatenate" in Excel?

In essence, there are two ways to combine data in Excel spreadsheets:

  • Merge cells
  • Concatenate cells' values

When you merge cells, you "physically" merge two or more cells into a single cell. As a result, you have one larger cell that is displayed across multiple rows and/or columns in your worksheet.

When you concatenate cells in Excel, you combine only the contents of those cells. In other words, concatenation in Excel is the process of joining two or more values together. This method is often used to combine a few pieces of text that reside in different cells (technically, these are called text strings or simply strings) or insert a formula-calculated value in the middle of some text.

The following screenshot demonstrates the difference between these two methods:
Merge and concatenate in Excel

Merging cells in Excel is the subject of our next article, and in this tutorial we will tackle two essential ways to concatenate strings in Excel - by using the CONCATENATE function and the Excel & operator.

Excel CONCATENATE function

The CONCATENATE function in Excel is designed to join different pieces of text together or combine values from several cells into one cell.

The syntax of Excel CONCATENATE is as follows:

CONCATENATE(text1, [text2], …)

Where text is a text string, cell reference or formula-driven value.

Below you will find a few examples of using the CONCATENATE function in Excel.

Note. In Excel 2016, Excel 2019, Excel Online and Excel Mobile, CONCATENATE is replaced with the CONCAT function, which has exactly the same syntax. Although the CONCATENATE function is kept for backward compatibility, it is recommended to use CONCAT instead because Microsoft does not give any promises that CONCATENATE will be available in future versions of Excel.

Concatenating the values of several cells

The simplest CONCATENATE formula to combine the values of cells A1 and B1 is as follows:


Please note that the values will be knit together without any delimiter, as in row 2 in the screenshot below.

To separate the values with a space, enter " " in the second argument, as in row 3 in the screenshot below.

CONCATENATE formula to combine the values of two cells

To separate the concatenated values with other delimiters such as a comma, space or slash, please see Excel CONCATENATE formulas with special characters.

Concatenating a text string and cell value

There is no reason for the Excel CONCATENATE function to be limited to only joining cells' values. You can also use it to concatenate various text strings to make the result more meaningful. For example:

=CONCATENATE(A1, " ", B1, " completed")

The above formula informs the user that a certain project is completed, as in row 2 in the screenshot below. Please notice that we add a space before the word " completed" to separate the concatenated text strings.

Naturally, you can add a text string in the beginning or in the middle of your Concatenate formula as well:

=CONCATENATE("See ", A1, " ", B1)

A space (" ") is added in between the combined values, so that the result displays as "Project 1" rather than "Project1".
Concatenating a text string and cell value

Concatenating a text string and a formula-calculated value

To make the result returned by some formula more understandable for your users, you can concatenate it with a text string that explains what the value actually is.

For example, you can use the following formula to return the current date:

=CONCATENATE("Today is ",TEXT(TODAY(), "dd-mmm-yy"))
Concatenating a text string and a formula-calculated value

Tip. If you would like to delete the source data without affecting the resulting text strings, use the "Paste special - values only" option to convert formulas to their values. The detailed instructions can be found in How to replace formulas with values in Excel.

Using CONCATENATE in Excel - things to remember

To ensure that your CONCATENATE formulas always deliver the correct results, remember the following simple rules:

  • Excel CONCATENATE function requires at least one "text" argument to work.
  • In a single CONCATENATE formula, you can concatenate up to 255 strings, a total of 8,192 characters.
  • The result of the CONCATENATE function is always a text string, even when all of the source values are numbers.
  • Excel CONCATENATE does not recognize arrays. Each cell reference must be listed separately. For example, you should write =CONCATENATE(A1, A2, A3) instead of =CONCATENATE(A1:A3).
  • If at least one of the CONCATENATE function's arguments is invalid, the formula returns a #VALUE! error.

"&" operator to concatenate strings in Excel

In Microsoft Excel, & operator is another way to concatenate cells. This method come in very handy in many scenarios because typing the ampersand sign (&) is much quicker than typing the word "concatenate" :)

Similarly to the CONCATENATE function, you can use "&" in Excel to combine different text strings, cell values and results returned by other functions.

Excel "&" formula examples

To see the concatenation operator in action, let's re-write the CONCATENATE formulas discussed above:

Concatenate the values in A1 and B1:


Concatenate the values in A1 and B1 separated with a space:

=A1&" "&B1

Concatenate the values in A1, B1 and a text string:

=A1 & B1 & " completed"

Concatenate a string and the result of the TEXT / TODAY function:

="Today is " & TEXT(TODAY(), "dd-mmm-yy")

As demonstrated in the screenshot below, the CONCATENATE function and "&" operator return identical results:
Concatenate strings in Excel using the & operator

Excel "&" operator vs. CONCATENATE function

Many users wonder which is a more efficient way to concatenate strings in Excel - CONCATENATE function or "&" operator.

The only essential difference between CONCATENATE and "&" operator is the 255 strings limit of the Excel CONCATENATE function and no such limitations when using the ampersand. Other than that, there is no difference between these two concatenation methods, nor is there any speed difference between the CONCATENATE and "&" formulas.

And since 255 is a really big number and in real-life tasks someone will hardly ever need to combine that many strings, the difference boils down to the comfort and ease of use. Some users find CONCATENATE formulas easier to read, I personally prefer using the "&" method. So, simply stick to the concatenation technique that you feel more comfortable with.

Concatenate cells with a space, comma and other characters

In your worksheets, you may often need to join values in a way that includes commas, spaces, various punctuation marks or other characters such as a hyphen or slash. To do this, simply include the character you want in your concatenation formula. Remember to enclose that character in quotation marks, as demonstrated in the following examples.

Concatenating two cells with a space:

=CONCATENATE(A1, " ", B1) or =A1 & " " & B1

Concatenating two cells with a comma:

=CONCATENATE(A1, ", ", B1) or =A1 & ", " & B1

Concatenating two cells with a hyphen:

=CONCATENATE(A1, "-", B1) or =A1 & "-" & B1

The following screenshot demonstrates how the results may look like:
Concatenating cells with a space, comma and other characters

Concatenate text strings with line breaks

Most often, you would separate the concatenated text strings with punctuation marks and spaces, as shown in the previous example. In some cases, however, may need to separate the values with a line break, or carriage return. A common example is merging mailing addresses from data in separate columns.

A problem is that you cannot simply type a line break in the formula like a usual character, and therefore a special CHAR function is needed to supply the corresponding ASCII code to the concatenation formula:

  • On Windows, use CHAR(10) where 10 is the ASCII code for Line feed.
  • On the Mac system, use CHAR(13) where 13 is the ASCII code for Carriage return.

In this example, we have the address pieces in columns A through F, and we are putting them together in column G by using the concatenation operator "&". The merged values are separated with a comma (", "), space (" ") and a line break CHAR(10):

=A2 & " " & B2 & CHAR(10) & C2 & CHAR(10) & D2 & ", " & E2 & " " & F2

Concatenating cells with line breaks

Note. When using line breaks to separate the concatenated values, you must have the "Wrap text" option enabled for the result to display correctly. To do this, press Ctrl + 1 to open the Format Cells dialog, switch to the Alignment tab and check the Wrap text box.

In the same manner, you can separate concatenated strings with other characters such as:

  • Double quotes (") - CHAR(34)
  • Forward slash (/) - CHAR(47)
  • Asterisk (*) - CHAR (42)
  • The full list of ASCII codes is available

Though, an easier way to include printable characters in the concatenation formula is to simply type them in double quotes as we did in the previous example.

Either way, all four of the below formulas yield identical results:

=A1 & CHAR(47) & B1

=A1 & "/" & B1



Concatenating cells with special characters

How to concatenate columns in Excel

In order to concatenate two or more columns in Excel, you just enter a usual concatenation formula in the first cell, and then copy it down to other cells by dragging the fill handle (the small square that appears in the lower right hand corner of the selected cell).

For example, to concatenate two columns (column A and B) separating the values with a space, you enter the following formula in cell C2, and then copy it down to other cells. When you are dragging the fill handle to copy the formula, the mouse pointer changes to a cross, as shown in the screenshot below:
Concatenating two columns in Excel

Tip. A quick way to copy the formula down to other cells in the column is to select the cell with the formula and double-click the fill handle.

Please note that Microsoft Excel determines how far to copy cells after the fill handle double click based on the cells referred to by your formula. If there happen to be empty cells in your table, say cell A6 and B6 were blank in this example, the formula would be copied up to row 5 only. In this case, you would need to drag the fill handle down manually to concatenate the entire columns.

An alternative way to concatenate columns in Excel is to use the corresponding option of the Merge Cells add-in.

How to concatenate a range of cells in Excel

Combining values from multiple cells might take some effort because the Excel CONCATENATE function does not accept arrays and requires a single cell reference in each argument.

To concatenate several cells, say A1 to A4, you need either of the following formulas:


=A1 & A2 & A3 & A4

When joining a fairly small range, it's no big deal to enter all the references in the formula bar. A large range would be tedious to add, typing each cell reference manually. Below you will find 3 methods of quick range concatenation in Excel.

Method 1. Press CTRL to select multiple cells to be concatenated

To quickly select several cells, you can press the CTRL key and click on each cell you want to include in the CONCATENATE formula. Here are the detailed steps:

  1. Select a cell where you want to enter the formula.
  2. Type =CONCATENATE( in that cell or in the formula bar.
  3. Press and hold Ctrl and click on each cell you want to concatenate.
  4. Release the Ctrl button, type the closing parenthesis in the formula bar and press Enter.

To concatenate a range of cells, press CTRL to select multiple cells to be concatenated.

Note. When using this method you must click each individual cell. Selecting a range with the mouse would add an array to the formula, which the CONCATENATE function does not accept.

Method 2. Use the TRANSPOSE function to get the range

When you need to concatenate a huge range consisting of tens or hundreds of cells, the previous method is not fast enough because it requires clicking on each cell. In this case, a better way is to use the TRANSPOSE function to return an array, and then replace it with individual cell references in one fell swoop.

  1. In the cell where you want to output the concatenated range, enter the TRANSPOSE formula, for example:


  2. In the formula bar, press F9 to replace the formula with calculated values. As the result, you will have an array of numbers to be concatenated.
  3. Delete the curly braces surrounding the array values.
    Use the TRANSPOSE function to get the range
  4. Type =CONCATENATE( before the first value, then type the closing parenthesis after the last value, and press Enter.
    Use the CONCATENATE function to combine all of the values.
Note. Whichever method you use, the concatenated value in C1 is a text string (notice its left-alignment in the cell), although each of the original values is a number. This is because the CONCATENATE function always returns a text string regardless of the source data type.

Method 3. Use the Merge Cells add-in

A quick and formula-free way to concatenate any range in Excel is to use the Merge Cells add-in for Excel with the "Merge all areas in selection" option turned off, as demonstrated in Combine the values of several cells into one cell.

Concatenate numbers and dates in various formats

When you concatenate a text string with a number or date, you may want to format the result differently depending on your dataset. To do this, embed the TEXT function in your Excel concatenate formula.

The TEXT(value, format_text) function has two arguments:

  • In the first argument (value), you supply a number or date to be converted to text, or a reference to the cell containing a numeric value.
  • In the second argument (format_text), you enter the desired format using the codes that the TEXT function can understand.

We have already discussed one such formula in the beginning of this tutorial that concatenates text and date.

I will remind you that when combining a text string and date, you have to use the TEXT function to display the date in the desired format. For example:

=CONCATENATE("Today is ", TEXT(TODAY(), "mm/dd/yy"))


="Today is " & TEXT(TODAY(), "mm/dd/yy")

A few more formula examples that concatenate a text value and number follow below:

=A2 & " " & TEXT(B2, "$#,#0.00") - display the number with 2 decimal places and the $ sign.

=A2 & " " & TEXT(B2, "0.#") - does not display extra zeros and the $ sign.

=A2 & " " & TEXT(B2, "# ?/???") - display the number as a fraction.

Concatenating numbers and dates in various formats

How to split cells (opposite of CONCATENATE in Excel)

If you are looking for the opposite of CONCATENATE in Excel, i.e. you want to split one cell into several cells, a few options are available to you:

  • Text to Columns feature
  • Flash Fill option in Excel 2013 and 2016
  • Formulas (MID, RIGHT, LEFT functions)

You can find the detailed steps illustrated with formula examples and screenshots in the How to split cells in Excel tutorial.

Merge Cells add-in - formula-free way to concatenate cells in Excel

With the Merge Cells add-in included in Ultimate Suite for Excel, you can efficiently do both:

  • Merge several cells into one without losing data.
  • Concatenate the values of several cells into a single cell and separate them with any delimiter of your choosing.

The Merge Cells tool works with all Excel versions from 2003 to 2016 and can combine all data types including text strings, numbers, dates and special symbols. Its two key advantages are simplicity and speed - any concatenation is done in a couple of clicks. And now, let me show it to you in action.

Combine the values of several cells into one cell

To combine the contents of several cells, you select the range to concatenate and configure the following settings:

  • Cells into one under "What to merge";
  • Select the delimiter you want under "Separate values with", it's a comma and a space in this example;
  • Choose where you want to place the result, and most importantly
  • Uncheck the "Merge all areas in the selection" option. It is this option that determines whether the cells are merged or the cells' values are concatenated.

Combine the values of several cells into one cell with the Merge Cells add-in

Combine columns row-by-row

To concatenate two or more columns, you configure the Merge Cells' settings in a similar way, but choose Columns under "What to merge":
Concatenating columns row-by-row

Join rows column-by-column

To combine data in each individual row, column-by-column, you choose to merge Rows, select the delimiter you want (line break in this example), configure other settings the way you want and hit the Merge button. The result may look similar to this:
Concatenating rows column-by-column

To check how the Merge Cells add-in will cope with your data sets, you are welcome to use the below link to download a fully functional trial version of our Ultimate Suite for Excel.

Available downloads

Concatenation formula examples (.xlsx file)
Ultimate Suite 14-day fully-functional version (.zip file)

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Table of contents

375 responses to "CONCATENATE in Excel: combine text strings, cells and columns"

  1. Larry Silver says:

    Is it possible to convert a concatenated formula to an actual formula?

    For example, I have 4 columns with the following:
    ='TM Receipts',!,P,16
    I concatenate those 4 columns to get "='TM Receipts'!P16"
    This is still a text string of course and I want to convert it a formula to give me the actual value of cell P16 on the TM Receipts worksheet.

    Is there a way to do this?

    • Andrew Esselaar says:

      In other words, you want to then retrieve the contents of this P16... You want the command "INDIRECT". The argument it takes is a cell address you want to get, so in your example "INDIRECT("'TM Receipts'!P16"), useful for when you have to use a formula to construct an address. I use formulas like "INDIRECT("A"&(B1*8)+1)" all the time (where A is filled with identical groups of information taking 8 rows each, B is sequential numbers starting from 0, and I'm looking for the first row of each group. On line 0 this become A1, I get A1. On line 1 it's A9, etc). Be warned, formulas with INDIRECT don't update like other formulas do, so if you insert a row above P so that your data moves down one, INDIRECT doesn't care, it'll still get whatever is now in P16.

      • Galin says:

        I am not having any luck with this but I might be applying it incorrectly. I am trying to return the results in row 25 and a variable column. So in, say, D1 I would enter 'B' and then I'd get the value of B25. Unfortunately, =INDIRECT(D1 & "25") is returning 0 though. I hope that makes sense as I've been working on this for way too long and my brain is fried.

    • Rajkamal says:

      after you have entered CONCATENATE formula, press.. F2 > F9 > Enter

  2. Whitney says:

    Suppose I have a file with columns A1:C3.
    Column A (A1:A3)= Apple, Banana, Carrot (each word in a separate row)
    Column B (B1:B3)= Red, Yellow, Orange (each word in a separate row)
    Column C (C1:C3)= Y, N, Y (each word in a separate row)

    I'd like to concatenate the words in column A into cell D1 contingent upon the value in the C column is "Y". For example I'd like the formula in D1 to return "Apple, Carrot" because Both A1 (Apple) and A3 (Carrot) have C1 and C3 with a "Y" string. Is there a way to concatenate with an IF statement argument in a separate column from what is being combined? Thanks in advance for your help!

    All the best,

    • Beno says:

      While you could do something like
      =CONCATENATE(IF(A$3="Y";A1;"");" ";IF(B$3="Y";B1;"");" ";IF(C$3="Y";C1;"")),
      this would only work for a fixed range and for every column you would have to change the IF. What I would suggest is making an equivalent amount of columns to those you wish to concatenate, and populate them with =IF(A$3="Y";A1;""), and then combine those with concatenate.

    • Andrew Esselaar says:

      I would use an extra column, a working scratchpad column, hide it if you don't want it seen. E column where E1 is "IF(C1="Y", A1, "")". In other words, if C is Y, then copy A, otherwise make the cell blank. Then where you want the concatenated string, just "E1&E2&E3" (though I would think A4 is a more logical destination, this is essentially SUMIF but with text). The commas are harder, to not have one on the last. I would do "IF(C1="Y", A1&", ", "")" so all entries end in a comma, then in E4 put the concatenation, then where you WANT the concatenation you put "LEFT(E4, LEN(E4)-2)". That way E4 is your target string but ending with an extra comma and space, so this would remove them.

  3. Kiran says:

    Is there a way where I can concatenate three different cells by keeping one cell value as constant output
    A Output
    10 20 A;10;20
    15 21 A;15;21
    17 22 A;17:22

    Please suggest best formula to create above output. Thanks in Advance!!

  4. ASHU says:

    Very helpfull thanks

  5. DLL says:

    Any way to retain individual cell formatting (i.e., bold for the first element) in the concatenated cell?

  6. TS says:

    If I have two cells, each with a formula to display length of service (years, months and days), is there a way for me to calculate the total of the years, months and days for each cell into one?



    I want sum of marks on sheet1 based on students count in Sheet marks and student count is located in sheet2

    I use formula count if to count students in a2 cell in sheet2
    In case i have 27 students
    Marks starts from row number 10

    I want sum of E coloum in sheet1
    E10 to value of A2+9=27
    My all sheets have different number of students
    And all sheets have count of students in A2 cell in perticular sheet.

    Help me


    I want to add concatenate formula but to remove some text from the existing values..
    How can i do that

  9. Jossy says:

    How can I concatenate a data from regional data to a new sheet

  10. Matt says:

    How can I concatenate values from two cells in to one cell, but skip few letters from one of the cell. For example.
    Cell A1 has - Mr Joe
    Cell B1 has - Smith
    Cell C1 should print "Joe Smith" skipping "Mr" from Cell A1 values.

  11. Gary says:

    Hi Is there any way to concat General non-text fields and output the result as a numeric? eg:
    Order Version Output as a number
    1234 1 12341
    1234 2 12342


  12. Diana Herrejon says:

    Before reading this article I concatenated cells by using the method of = and the cells I wanted, separated by spaces for the most part. This is my formula:
    = ( "Requisition" & " " & A39 &" : " & B39 & "- "& C39 & " - " & D39 & " " & E39)
    One of my cells was in currency (it was Cell E39). How can I make the information (the currency) hold its format when transferred to the next cell?
    F39 holds all the information input from A39 to E39. But when the information in E39 is transferred to F39, instead of seeing $210,000.00 I see 210000.

  13. Anonymous says:

    I want to know how to store alternate values in one cell. I am doing some soccer related collation using microsoft excel. For instance cell A1 is barcelona and cell B1 is juventus. I want cell C1 to represent barcelona OR juventus, I don't want cell C1 to represent barcelona AND juventus

  14. iji k says:

    Is there a way to concatenate an array (obtained as a result of a formula in a cell)?

  15. Mohammad Sarfuddin says:

    In excel all the data is in Cell A1 coloumn and rows 1,2,3 so on. So i want to combine the name in Cell B1 coloumn.. So i am combine two rows using this formula =A1&A2 but i am facing problm that all the name are not belong in 2 rows they are separate in 3 rows or 4 rows.
    Example -
    Buff Milano
    Dk. Cog
    Buff Milano
    Buff Milano
    Grade B
    Buff Milano
    Grade B
    In this way i have a huge coloumn can any one solve my problem.. Is there any formula
    Note :
    I wan to find out this in Coloumn B -
    Buff Milano Dk. Cog
    Buff Milano Red
    Buff Milano Grade B Black

  16. Jared says:

    I am trying to get the cell to read:
    Assessed: 18%

    Current Formula
    ="Assessed: "&('C&BE'!E29/'C&BE'!E24)
    I want the text 'Assessed: ' and then I want to have the number 18% which comes from a different tab where 2 items are divided. This is what I get 'Assessed: 0.181818181818182' All I want to do is get this number to be a percentage but I can't seem to convert it to percentage. Using the 'Number Format' or 'Display Percentage' items don't convert it. Format Cell doesn't work. It's almost like the '&' function seems to negate these properties. [I have Mac 2011 version 14.7.7 (170905)

  17. Taofeek Omoabass says:

    I want to concatenate on my userform says: (Balance: and 10,000)Note 10,000 is a value on a textbox which can be different by selecting another information.

  18. Tom Chalfant says:

    I would like to create a password generator, using a list of words. Then be able to grab 4 random words.
    I can create a number with RANDBETWEEN, but how do I convert that to a cell to CONCATENATE?

    • Tom Chalfant says:

      I think I solved my own question, this may not be the most elegant, but it worked.

      I have a list of words, numbers, and symbols in column I. 1 to 8000
      I want 4 random words combined together from the list of 8000
      Created four cells with =RANDBETWEEN(1,8000) let us assume the 4 cells created are L1, M1,N1, and O1
      in cell P1 I have =CONCATENATE("I",L1)
      in cell Q1 I have =CONCATENATE("I",M1)
      in cell R1 I have =CONCATENATE("I",N1)
      and in cell S1 I have =CONCATENATE("I",O1)

      Then in T1 I have

      This returns word-made-up-password (of course the words in those cell in column I are different.
      Is there a better way?

      • Tom Chalfant says:


    • Hello Tom!
      If RANDBETWEEN selects numbers, for example, from 1 to 10, then each number can correspond to a word using the CHOOSE function. If you describe in more detail your task, initial data and the desired result, I can give more detailed advice.

  19. Irwan Ramli says:

    How to insert a character in the middle of string/number?
    eg: 12345 -> 123-45

  20. Adebayo says:

    I have a sales record covering 3 years and i want to report on the highest sales made per year. Can i nest the (=Max) function into a (=Concat) one?
    So that it reads "Gross sales for 2018 were highest at $35000"

  21. Jillian says:

    Is there a way to exclude two specific characters whenever they appear in the cells that you are combining? Either using CONCATENATE or any other function. For example:
    A2 thru A5 all have the same data: AA .
    B2 thru B5 have: T-14 T-14+ T-14= T-14++= in which the hyphen, plus sign, and equals sign are not actually mathematical, but rather are part of the "model number" (no idea why). That is, they are just textual, not math.
    C2 thru C5 have the data: 22 33 44 55.
    I need to place the letter X then Cell A then Cell B then Cell C together, eliminating any plus signs or equals (remember, they are not mathematical). The hyphens can stay.

    I tried this: =("X"&A5&(SUBSTITUTE(B5,"+",""))&C5)
    It of course doesn't eliminate the "=" symbol. I get the result I want for Rows 2 and 3, for example XAAT-1422, XAAT-1433. And not the result that I want for Rows 4 and 5, which return these results: XAAT-14=44, XAAT-14=55.

    And vice versa if I use =("X"&A5&(SUBSTITUTE(B5,"=",""))&C5)
    I get my desired result for Rows 2 and 4 (XAAT-1422, XAAT-1444) but not for rows 3 and 5, which return XAAT-14+33 and XAAT-14++55.

    So I want to be able to eliminate all + symbols and = symbols. I know this scenario is odd to use these symbols, and not mathematically, but the manufacturer uses them in model naming. Thank you for any help! I had started with a concatenate function but couldn't get it to work for me either.

    • Jillian says:

      Clarification as the spacing above makes it hard to read what I intended:
      B2 thru B5 have:
      in which the hyphen, plus sign, and equals sign are not actually mathematical, but rather are part of the "model number" ..

    • Hello Jillian!
      If I understand your task correctly, the following formula should work for you:




      I hope it’ll be helpful.

  22. MsVixn says:

    Hello Alexander,
    I have a number of cells to concatenate in order to generate an unique identifier for each line item.
    The cells contain, for example - A2: 200729, B2: SNK, C2: 34543
    My formula reads: =concatenate(right(A2,3),"-",B2,"-",left(C2,2)) producing 729-SNK-34
    In cell A2, I would like to use the second digit "0" at the beginning of the unique identifier, so need to skip the first digit in cell A2 and use the second, while the rest of the formula stays the the result should then read 0729-SNK-34. Is that possible please...and thank you!

  23. HAYALES says:

    HI I am trying to work out the following formatting and was hoping you could help.
    If I have a range of 90% to 100% in a cell K5 in the next cell K6 I would like it to say excellent
    but if in that cell I have a range of 80% to 89% I would like it to say very good.
    basically its a if this then that... but not with colors with specific text.

  24. Yogesh Shelgaonkar says:

    Hello Svetlana,
    "Excellent" also can not describe the good work you have done and it's being explained in such a easy manner even a layman will become an expert in Excel.
    Great work keep it up.
    God bless you.


  25. msoffice says:

    How to auto concatenate a RANGE of Cells before space:

    List 1 List 2 Concated list
    AA MM MM

    CC QQ

    DD MM
    DD NN


  26. abhi says:

    a2 a20
    how we drag a20 by using concatenate pls help

  27. Pers Santos says:

    Need help...
    What if i want to concatenate in excel then i also want to add a open expression
    Column A = 2+1
    Column B = Roses
    Column C = Concatenate(A&" "&B)
    Result currently as 2+1 Roses but what i need to know is how can i covert it automatically to 3 Roses

    Thanks in advance

  28. JoAnn says:

    I am building a list for a team to use that has unique hyperlinks in each row of data. I have attempted to use concatenate to add the active link to a sentence of text. Simply using concatenate, the link does not stay active. Using & the entire text becomes an active link. Is there another operator I should be adding?

    • Hello!
      I’m sorry but your task is not entirely clear to me. For me to be able to help you better, please describe your task in more detail. Please specify what you were trying to find, what formula you used and what problem or error occurred. Give an example of the source data and the expected result.
      It’ll help me understand it better and find a solution for you. Thank you.

  29. Matt says:

    I am trying to concatenate two separate data sets where all the data in A get's repeated for each cell in B. Is there a way to concatenate this without manually changing the $ for each cell in the concatenate function?
    Origin Zone Destination Zones
    BTD-TGD 32218
    NOD-BBK 90670
    NOD-BBK-BTD 90749

    The result I am looking for is:
    And so on. Currently the only way I know to do this is =CONCATENATE(A1,"_"b$2) and then change to (...b$3) when all of the data for b2 has been completed.

  30. firdous says:

    i need to know after 5 digit how put -ve sign 921023E550 ( example 92102-3E550 )
    please inform us the formula

  31. Deborah Crolla says:

    How do I concatenate a name and phone number (different cells)
    Sheet1!I1= Jane Dow
    Sheet1!J1 = (000) 000-0000

    Into one cell to read
    Jane Doe (000) 000-000

  32. Siddu Goudar says:

    =CONCATENATE(MONTH(Table_Query_form_DMSlink[[#this Row],[ordre Date]]),"/Year(B15)) please explan this

    • Hello!
      Your task is not completely clear to me. It is very difficult to understand a formula that contains unique references to your workbook worksheets. Hence, I cannot check its work, sorry. Please specify what you were trying to find, what formula you used and what problem or error occurred.

  33. Joanne Stefan says:

    Is this how I can replace text in Column B with text in Column A?
    For example, Column A has R210#P and Column B has INSERT:IMG_PREMIUM_R210#K_ARTISTLASTNAME.
    I want to replace the R210#K in Column B with the R210#P in Column A.

  34. jono says:

    can you help simple formula like number 12345678879093879, to be =12+34+56+78+87+90+93+87+9 (546) and add "+" every 2 number after but later result sum that all number?

  35. Sandra says:

    Is there a way to concatenate cells across multiple rows IF you there is a repeated value in another column? Here's my scenario.





    Thank you in advance for your help.

  36. Chi says:

    Hi, I was wondering if there's a way to concatenate all permutations within 3 columns and let's say 20 rows. So the obvious would be a2+b2+c2, a3+b3+c3 etc... but I also want a2+b3+c2, and a2 +b3 +c4, and a2+b2+c7 etc etc etc. all the way to a20+b20+c20 in all permutations in between. Is there a formula for this?

  37. Kamyana says:

    Thanks very much for tutorials, I like to know if there is a way to concatenate my data which is in single column having following format:
    Addition Cost 30-
    SEP-2005 00:00:00

    Addition Cost 31-
    OCT-2005 00:00:00

    Addition Cost 31-
    MAR-2006 00:00:00

    Addition Cost 28-
    FEB-2007 00:00:00

    Reclass Cost 31-MAR-
    2007 00:00:00

    Addition Cost 31-
    MAR-2007 00:00:00

    As per format provided all i want is to concatenate every consecutive line before a blank row occurs in the following desired format:

    Addition Cost 30-SEP-2005 00:00:00

    Addition Cost 31-OCT-2005 00:00:00

    Addition Cost 31-MAR-2006 00:00:00

    Addition Cost 28-FEB-2007 00:00:00

    Reclass Cost 31-MAR-2007 00:00:00

    Addition Cost 31-MAR-2007 00:00:00

    I have thousands of rows in my data, is there any way that concatenate function can be nested with IF function to concatenate rows between every blank rows.

    Thanks in advance if someone can help me please!

  38. Prafulla says:


    If am using Concatenation then what will be the formula when I have go drag the same for number of rows and columns at time???

    Ex. If I have to drag same formula for rows I'll add $ for column number and wise versa.

    Them what about doing both draging at a time???


  39. Daniela says:

    I am having trouble creating the correct CONC formula for this information. Could you please advise?

    Cell Cell Data
    B2 C
    B3 01
    B4 Data Validation- List (only want to include the first character)
    B5 Data Validation-List (only want to include the first character)
    B6 Data Validation- List (only want to include the first 2 characters)
    B7 234
    B8 Data Validation-List (only want to include the first character)
    B9 21

    B11 Formula that will combine cells B2-B9 in order


  40. Tosnic says:

    OMG, after trying for an hour to get CONCATENATE to work, I realized that you need to use a semicolon instead of a comma to separate the arguments!
    It seems that all guides on this function are wrong in that regard.

  41. Yetog says:

    could someone help me to transform with a formula the first table to the second one?

    ID function
    L1 John
    N3 Mary ID Function
    D2 John L1 John, James,
    L5 James N3 Mary, James
    D4 John ˃ D2 John, James, Mary
    N3 James L5 James
    L1 James D4 John
    D2 James L4 Mary
    L4 Mary
    D2 Mary



    I want to compare the names in two sheets,
    Sheet 1: Cook Ph.D. James L.
    Sheet 2: "Cook" in Last Name column , and "James" in First Name Column

    I need to know the names in both sheet is same person as I don't have any unique identifiers common in both the Excel sheets.
    Now instead of Ph.D it could be anything else like ABC or additional wild characters liek _ or / or -

    Is there a way here?

  43. Rajil says:

    The example here says to click each cell for Concatenating the cells. However, I have around 6000 records in individual cells that I need to concatenate with a semicolon. May I know the command for the same.

    Car 1
    Car 2
    Car 5999
    Car 6000
    Output: Car1; Car 2; . . . Car 5999; Car 6000

    Thanks in advance.

  44. Hashim says:

    Hello : 0001 code when i use for concatination formula its shows only as 1, How to show as 0001

  45. Nelson says:

    I would like to create a table with the day sequence of a month, as ...


    but it will be a concat result of ="01/"&G$2&"/2021" for the first line, for example, where G$2 will have the number of the month I want, in this case, fev 02.
    The problem is that I need the result of the concat in data format, which is not happening.

    I hope it sufficiently clear to understand.

    Thanks in advance.

  46. Monica says:

    I am trying to make a list where name is
    John Doe email will follow jdoe@school. org
    any ideas? I was able to create the password jd123456
    using the formula ==CONCATENATE(LEFT(C13,2),"123456") but I ma not able to find the format

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