CONCATENATE in Excel: combine text strings, cells and columns

In this tutorial, you will learn various ways to concatenate text strings, cells, ranges, columns and rows in Excel using the CONCATENATE function and "&" operator.

In your Excel workbooks, the data is not always structured according to your needs. Often you may want to split the content of one cell into individual cells, or do the opposite - combine data from two or more columns into a single column. Common examples that require concatenation in Excel are joining names and address parts, combining text with a formula-driven value, displaying dates and times in the desired format, to name a few.

In this tutorial, we are going to explore various techniques of Excel string concatenation so that you can choose the method best suited for your worksheets.

What is "concatenate" in Excel?

In essence, there are two ways to combine data in Excel spreadsheets:

  • Merge cells
  • Concatenate cells' values

When you merge cells, you "physically" merge two or more cells into a single cell. As a result, you have one larger cell that is displayed across multiple rows and/or columns in your worksheet.

When you concatenate cells in Excel, you combine only the contents of those cells. In other words, concatenation in Excel is the process of joining two or more values together. This method is often used to combine a few pieces of text that reside in different cells (technically, these are called text strings or simply strings) or insert a formula-calculated value in the middle of some text.

The following screenshot demonstrates the difference between these two methods:
Merge and concatenate in Excel

Merging cells in Excel is the subject of our next article, and in this tutorial we will tackle two essential ways to concatenate strings in Excel - by using the CONCATENATE function and the Excel & operator.

Excel CONCATENATE function

The CONCATENATE function in Excel is designed to join different pieces of text together or combine values from several cells into one cell.

The syntax of Excel CONCATENATE is as follows:

CONCATENATE(text1, [text2], …)

Where text is a text string, cell reference or formula-driven value.

Below you will find a few examples of using the CONCATENATE function in Excel.

Concatenating the values of several cells

The simplest CONCATENATE formula to combine the values of cells A1 and B1 is as follows:


Please note that the values will be knit together without any delimiter, as in row 2 in the screenshot below.

To separate the values with a space, enter " " in the second argument, as in row 3 in the screenshot below.

CONCATENATE formula to combine the values of two cells

To separate the concatenated values with other delimiters such as a comma, space or slash, please see Excel CONCATENATE formulas with special characters.

Concatenating a text string and cell value

There is no reason for the Excel CONCATENATE function to be limited to only joining cells' values. You can also use it to concatenate various text strings to make the result more meaningful. For example:

=CONCATENATE(A1, " ", B1, " completed")

The above formula informs the user that a certain project is completed, as in row 2 in the screenshot below. Please notice that we add a space before the word " completed" to separate the concatenated text strings.

Naturally, you can add a text string in the beginning or in the middle of your Concatenate formula as well:

=CONCATENATE("See ", A1, " ", B1)

A space (" ") is added in between the combined values, so that the result displays as "Project 1" rather than "Project1".
Concatenating a text string and cell value

Concatenating a text string and a formula-calculated value

To make the result returned by some formula more understandable for your users, you can concatenate it with a text string that explains what the value actually is.

For example, you can use the following formula to return the current date:

=CONCATENATE("Today is ",TEXT(TODAY(), "dd-mmm-yy"))
Concatenating a text string and a formula-calculated value

Using CONCATENATE in Excel - things to remember

To ensure that your CONCATENATE formulas always deliver the correct results, remember the following simple rules:

  • Excel CONCATENATE function requires at least one "text" argument to work.
  • In a single CONCATENATE formula, you can concatenate up to 255 strings, a total of 8,192 characters.
  • The result of the CONCATENATE function is always a text string, even when all of the source values are numbers.
  • Excel CONCATENATE does not recognize arrays. Each cell reference must be listed separately. For example, you should write =CONCATENATE(A1, A2, A3) instead of =CONCATENATE(A1:A3).
  • If at least one of the CONCATENATE function's arguments is invalid, the formula returns a #VALUE! error.

"&" operator to concatenate strings in Excel

In Microsoft Excel, & operator is another way to concatenate cells. This method come in very handy in many scenarios because typing the ampersand sign (&) is much quicker than typing the word "concatenate" :)

Similarly to the CONCATENATE function, you can use "&" in Excel to combine different text strings, cell values and results returned by other functions.

Excel "&" formula examples

To see the concatenation operator in action, let's re-write the CONCATENATE formulas discussed above:

Concatenate the values in A1 and B1:

Concatenate the values in A1 and B1 separated with a space:
=A1&" "&B1

Concatenate the values in A1, B1 and a text string:
=A1 & B1 & " completed"

Concatenate a string and the result of the TEXT / TODAY function:
="Today is " & TEXT(TODAY(), "dd-mmm-yy")

As demonstrated in the screenshot below, the CONCATENATE function and "&" operator return identical results:
Concatenate strings in Excel using the & operator

Excel "&" operator vs. CONCATENATE function

Many users wonder which is a more efficient way to concatenate strings in Excel - CONCATENATE function or "&" operator.

The only essential difference between CONCATENATE and "&" operator is the 255 strings limit of the Excel CONCATENATE function and no such limitations when using the ampersand. Other than that, there is no difference between these two concatenation methods, nor is there any speed difference between the CONCATENATE and "&" formulas.

And since 255 is a really big number and in real-life tasks someone will hardly ever need to combine that many strings, the difference boils down to the comfort and ease of use. Some users find CONCATENATE formulas easier to read, I personally prefer using the "&" method. So, simply stick to the concatenation technique that you feel more comfortable with.

Concatenate cells with a space, comma and other characters

In your worksheets, you may often need to join values in a way that includes commas, spaces, various punctuation marks or other characters such as a hyphen or slash. To do this, simply include the character you want in your concatenation formula. Remember to enclose that character in quotation marks, as demonstrated in the following examples.

Concatenating two cells with a space:

=CONCATENATE(A1, " ", B1) or =A1 & " " & B1

Concatenating two cells with a comma:

=CONCATENATE(A1, ", ", B1) or =A1 & ", " & B1

Concatenating two cells with a hyphen:

=CONCATENATE(A1, "-", B1) or =A1 & "-" & B1

The following screenshot demonstrates how the results may look like:
Concatenating cells with a space, comma and other characters

Concatenate text strings with line breaks

Most often, you would separate the concatenated text strings with punctuation marks and spaces, as shown in the previous example. In some cases, however, may need to separate the values with a line break, or carriage return. A common example is merging mailing addresses from data in separate columns.

A problem is that you cannot simply type a line break in the formula like a usual character, and therefore a special CHAR function is needed to supply the corresponding ASCII code to the concatenation formula:

  • On Windows, use CHAR(10) where 10 is the ASCII code for Line feed.
  • On the Mac system, use CHAR(13) where 13 is the ASCII code for Carriage return.

In this example, we have the address pieces in columns A through F, and we are putting them together in column G by using the concatenation operator "&". The merged values are separated with a comma (", "), space (" ") and a line break CHAR(10):

=A2 & " " & B2 & CHAR(10) & C2 & CHAR(10) & D2 & ", " & E2 & " " & F2

Concatenating cells with line breaks

Note. When using line breaks to separate the concatenated values, you must have the "Wrap text" option enabled for the result to display correctly. To do this, press Ctrl + 1 to open the Format Cells dialog, switch to the Alignment tab and check the Wrap text box.

In the same manner, you can separate concatenated strings with other characters such as:

  • Double quotes (") - CHAR(34)
  • Forward slash (/) - CHAR(47)
  • Asterisk (*) - CHAR (42)
  • The full list of ASCII codes is available

Though, an easier way to include printable characters in the concatenation formula is to simply type them in double quotes as we did in the previous example.

Either way, all four of the below formulas yield identical results:

=A1 & CHAR(47) & B1

=A1 & "/" & B1



Concatenating cells with special characters

How to concatenate columns in Excel

In order to concatenate two or more columns in Excel, you just enter a usual concatenation formula in the first cell, and then copy it down to other cells by dragging the fill handle (the small square that appears in the lower right hand corner of the selected cell).

For example, to concatenate two columns (column A and B) separating the values with a space, you enter the following formula in cell C2, and then copy it down to other cells. When you are dragging the fill handle to copy the formula, the mouse pointer changes to a cross, as shown in the screenshot below:

Concatenating two columns in Excel

Tip. A quick way to copy the formula down to other cells in the column is to select the cell with the formula and double-click the fill handle.

Please note that Microsoft Excel determines how far to copy cells after the fill handle double click based on the cells referred to by your formula. If there happen to be empty cells in your table, say cell A6 and B6 were blank in this example, the formula would be copied up to row 5 only. In this case, you would need to drag the fill handle down manually to concatenate the entire columns.

An alternative way to concatenate columns in Excel is to use the corresponding option of the Merge Cells add-in.

How to concatenate a range of cells in Excel

Combining values from multiple cells might take some effort because the Excel CONCATENATE function does not accept arrays and requires a single cell reference in each argument.

To concatenate several cells, say A1 to A4, you need either of the following formulas:


=A1 & A2 & A3 & A4

When joining a fairly small range, it's no big deal to enter all the references in the formula bar. A large range would be tedious to add, typing each cell reference manually. Below you will find 3 methods of quick range concatenation in Excel.

Method 1. Press CTRL to select multiple cells to be concatenated

To quickly select several cells, you can press the CTRL key and click on each cell you want to include in the CONCATENATE formula. Here are the detailed steps:

  • Select a cell where you want to enter the formula.
  • Type =CONCATENATE( in that cell or in the formula bar.
  • Press and hold Ctrl and click on each cell you want to concatenate.
  • Release the Ctrl button, type the closing parenthesis in the formula bar and press Enter.

To concatenate a range of cells, press CTRL to select multiple cells to be concatenated.

Note. When using this method you must click each individual cell. Selecting a range with the mouse would add an array to the formula, which the CONCATENATE function does not accept.

Method 2. Use the TRANSPOSE function to get the range

When you need to concatenate a huge range consisting of tens or hundreds of cells, the previous method is not fast enough because it requires clicking on each cell. In this case, a better way is to use the TRANSPOSE function to return an array, and then replace it with individual cell references in one fell swoop.

  • Select the cell where you want to output the concatenated range.
  • Enter the TRANSPOSE formula in that cell, =TRANSPOSE(A1:A10) in this example.
  • In the formula bar, press F9 to replace the formula with calculated values.
  • Delete the curly braces that turn a usual Excel formula into an array formula. As a result, you will have all the cells references to be included in your concatenation formula.

    Use the TRANSPOSE function to get the range

  • Type =CONCATENATE( in front of the cell references in the formula bar, type the closing parenthesis and press Enter.

    Use the CONCATENATE function to combine all of the values.

Note. Whichever method you use, the concatenated value in C1 is a text string (notice its left-alignment in the cell), although each of the original values is a number. This is because the CONCATENATE function always returns a text string regardless of the source data type.

Method 3. Use the Merge Cells add-in

A quick and formula-free way to concatenate any range in Excel is to use the Merge Cells add-in for Excel with the "Merge all areas in selection" option turned off, as demonstrated in Combine the values of several cells into one cell.

Concatenate numbers and dates in various formats

When you concatenate a text string with a number or date, you may want to format the result differently depending on your dataset. To do this, embed the TEXT function in your Excel concatenate formula.

The TEXT(value, format_text) function has two arguments:

  • In the first argument (value), you supply a number or date to be converted to text, or a reference to the cell containing a numeric value.
  • In the second argument (format_text), you enter the desired format using the codes that the TEXT function can understand.

We have already discussed one such formula in the beginning of this tutorial that concatenates text and date.

I will remind you that when combining a text string and date, you have to use the TEXT function to display the date in the desired format. For example:

=CONCATENATE("Today is ", TEXT(TODAY(), "mm/dd/yy"))


="Today is " & TEXT(TODAY(), "mm/dd/yy")

A few more formula examples that concatenate a text value and number follow below:

=A2 & " " & TEXT(B2, "$#,#0.00") - display the number with 2 decimal places and the $ sign.

=A2 & " " & TEXT(B2, "0.#") - does not display extra zeros and the $ sign.

=A2 & " " & TEXT(B2, "# ?/???") - display the number as a fraction.

Concatenating numbers and dates in various formats

How to split cells (opposite of CONCATENATE in Excel)

If you are looking for the opposite of CONCATENATE in Excel, i.e. you want to split one cell into several cells, a few options are available to you:

  • Text to Columns feature
  • Flash Fill option in Excel 2013 and 2016
  • Formulas (MID, RIGHT, LEFT functions)

You can find the detailed steps illustrated with formula examples and screenshots in the How to split cells in Excel tutorial.

Merge Cells add-in - formula-free way to concatenate cells in Excel

With the Merge Cells add-in for Excel, you can efficiently do both:

  • Merge several cells into one without losing data.
  • Concatenate the values of several cells into a single cell and separate them with any delimiter of your choosing.

The Merge Cells tool works with all Excel versions from 2003 to 2016 and can combine all data types including text strings, numbers, dates and special symbols. Its two key advantages are simplicity and speed - any concatenation is done in a couple of clicks. And now, let me show it to you in action.

Combine the values of several cells into one cell

To combine the contents of several cells, you select the range to concatenate and configure the following settings:

  • Cells into one under "What to merge";
  • Select the delimiter you want under "Separate values with", it's a comma and a space in this example;
  • Choose where you want to place the result, and most importantly
  • Uncheck the "Merge all areas in the selection" option. It is this option that determines whether the cells are merged or the cells' values are concatenated.

Combine the values of several cells into one cell with the Merge Cells add-in

Combine columns row-by-row

To concatenate two or more columns, you configure the Merge Cells' settings in a similar way, but choose Columns under "What to merge":

Concatenating columns row-by-row

Join rows column-by-column

To combine data in each individual row, column-by-column, you choose to merge Rows, select the delimiter you want (line break in this example), configure other settings the way you want and hit the Merge button. The result may look similar to this:
Concatenating rows column-by-column

To check how the Merge Cells add-in will cope with your data sets, you are welcome to download a fully functional trial version. And if you are happy with the result, you may want to buy helpful tool as a separate product or as part of our Ultimate Suite for Excel, which includes 60+ other time-saving tools for most common Excel tasks. Either way, we will happily offer you the 15% off coupon code that we've created especially for our blog readers: AB14-BlogSpo.

If someone wants to examine the formulas discussed in this tutorial more closely, the Sample workbook with concatenation formulas is available for download. Thank you for reading!

199 Responses to "CONCATENATE in Excel: combine text strings, cells and columns"

  1. Mark T. says:

    How do i concatenate if I only want single quotes('') on the first set of numbers but nothing on the last 2. example. This is how I want the results to look.

    insert into #driver select'98765432',20170517,5

    Thanks for your help!

    • Hello, Mark,
      the ASCII code for single quotes ('') is CHAR(39). Assuming that the numbers are in A1:C1, to get the desirable result, try the following formula:

      =CONCATENATE(CHAR(39), A1 & CHAR(39),",",B1,",",C1)

      Just add the references to the cells with the text to this formula and you're good to go :)

  2. Karen says:

    I have 4 columns of data (A - D) and each project has 13 rows.
    Column data: Name, start, finish, duration
    Project 1
    13 rows of data

    Project 2
    13 rows of data

    How do I get Concatenate or another method to read the 13 rows of data across and then down??:
    A3, B3, C3, D3,
    A4, B4, C4, D4,
    A5, B5, C5, D5

    I need all 13 rows to read to a single row left to right.
    Can you help??

  3. Abhinav says:


    Thank you for the detailed examples.

    I've a bit complicated query though, may be because I'm new to this.

    So, I need to fill Youtube URLs in one column and the Embed codes in another.

    Is it possible that I can just fill in the URL and the embed code generates by any formula?
    For E.g.

    Column 1:

    Column 2:

    Column 2 has the Embed code which has the Video ID after "embed/" that appears at the end after the "/" in Column 1.

    It is same for all the videos and I've to maintain a sheet of Thousands of them!
    So far I've been copying and pasting both from the YouTube videos but would love to know if it's possible to merge the partial text(ID) from column 1 in the middle of the text in Column 2.

    Thanks in advance!


  4. Abhinav says:

    Hi Svetlana,
    Thanks for replying.

    I did enter the desired result but it appears that it was not posted?

    I'll try again, don't know why it was removed.I'll put the contents of the Column 2 in the () if it helps in posting.

    Column 1:

    Column 2: ()

    So, Column 2 is the desired result and ZWiPQINKvW8 is the ID from Column 1.

    Hope it gets posted this time.


  5. Abhinav says:

    Hi Svetlana,

    The () didn't work so I've uploaded a screenshot and here the link.

    I hope it helps!

    Thanks in advance.


    • Hi Abhinav,

      All comments containing external links are subject to manual validation, that's why they did not get posted immediately (the only one working anti-spam technique we could think of :)

      As for the formula, the "iframe..." string is the same for all rows except for the ID from column 1, right? If so, you can split it into 2 parts, and put the parts into 2 separate cells. For example:

      Cell F1: <iframe width="560"… embed/
      Cell F2: " frameborder="0"… </iframe>

      And then, you can use the RIGHT() function to extract the ID (from A2 in this example), and concatenate the 3 parts like this:
      =F1&RIGHT(A2,LEN(A2)-FIND("/",A2, FIND("/", A2, FIND("/",A2)+1) +2))&F2

  6. Abhinav says:

    Greetings of the Day Svetlana!

    I just feel lucky that I found this forum.

    Thanks a ton for the solution.
    It works like a charm...

    Best Regards,

  7. jatay says:

    Hi there
    How can the last cell in a column filled from the first cell will automatically minus
    for example IN column A when in a2 was a number a2 - a1 and if in A3 was number A3 - A1 only the last fill cell minus first cell and write Answer in A10

  8. Brijesh Kumar says:

    how to remove duplicate entries ( which is comma separated) found in single columns ?
    example :- 8,4,7,8,6,3,3,9,6
    expected output :- 3,4,6,7,8,9

  9. Chester says:


    How to a concatenate this:

    A1 = "has a account balance of" and B1 = $ 2,250.38

    When I used concatenate the result always "has a account balance of 2250.38,
    the Result that I want is " has a account balance of $ 2,250.38"

    Thank you in Advance

    • Luke says:

      The problem is caused by the fact that your number is not entered into the cell with a $ symbol, etc. but the cell itself is formatted as currency (the actual cell content is just 2250.38 which is why the $ does not show when concatenating). The following will work:


  10. okewole says:

    pls I need Ur assistance to concatenate course still outstanding (CDO) of students prepared in Excel sheet e.g =if( A2:D2=0, concatenate A1,B1,C1,D1,",") can't it work if not I need Ur assistance.

  11. Keith says:

    I have inserted a row and typed in the formula

    =CONCATENATE(J1," ",K1)

    and have combined the first and last names of my clients. How do I now place the combined data into another cell without showing the above formula in the Excel formula bar?


  12. Celestine says:

    This is great, I understand the concatenate and the and operators better now. Thanks a lot. WOW!

  13. sonaikumar says:

    hi, i am sonai.i have one question please answer it.
    the format of the EXCELL is,
    so, split the address to this format,
    the source data is
    please, solve the's my humble request youto.immediately

  14. sonaikumar says:

    sry, i missing something
    actually the SOURCE DATA IS

    and the excel format is,

    oldno54,newno4355 eaststreet,virudhunagar mutharppati,sattur

    greengarden,chennai tn tamilnadu 600018

    so please help me,solve this problem immediately.

  15. Rajendra says:

    SREI $ 41,26,000 54 days
    how to use concatenate for figure including comma = Devid-$41,26,000-54days

  16. Nikhil Wadhwa says:

    how to use concatenate for (bluedart 5565565 24-Jul-17) in one column.. data in brackets are in 3 different column.

  17. Vikram Gajjala says:

    Hi All, This is my actual formula =IF(F$1,'Apr-2016'!J16,"") "Apr-2016" is the name of the sheet in the workbook, i would like to use concatenate so I can choose the year (2016) from another cell. please help many thanks

  18. Kevin Bernard says:

    How would you combine values from multiple cells separated by commas only when values exist?


    A B C
    1|George Herman Ruth
    2|Jackie Robinson
    3|Mark Marche McGwire

    Row 1= Concatenate(A1,",",B1,",",C1) = George, Herman, Ruth
    Row 2 = Jackie,,Robinson
    I don't want a comma when no values exist to separate.

  19. Aland says:

    Hello all,
    Is there a way concatenated results can be searchable (ctrl+find) and/or filterable?
    Thank you in advance for any tips :)

  20. DAVID says:

    Hi Aland,

    I have an excel table (C4:O12) that sums values W-L-T (win-loss-tie) records both horizontally and vertically when entering a "W", "L", or "T" in each cell in table with a resulting "0-0-0" format. I have the totals with this format in bottom row from C13:O13 as well as in column from P4:P12 Here are the following formulas Ive used:



    How do I sum the totals for either column O, or row 13 to get an overall total in the same "0-0-0" format?

    THANKS !

  21. tay says:

    what is the excel formula to reflect "8/1/2017" as "Aug"?

  22. jose says:

    how do i concatenate below:


    to this format:

    1001 thru 1005, 1008, 1013 thru 1016, 1020, 1021, 1025 thru 1026


  23. John Worsley says:

    Is it possible to concatenate data from columns based on a single reference column, so where the customer is the same name, concatenate all the references from each line into a single row:

    A B
    27918 Select
    27922 Select
    27920 Select
    27921 Select
    27919 Wholesale
    27923 Wholesale
    27924 CSP Supplies
    27925 CSP Supplies

    A B
    Select 27918,27922,27920,27921
    CSP 27924,27925

    Hope that makes sense?

  24. nisheet says:

    i Have 20 list of name like


    i want only 10 name in a single cell like kim,Solonin,Gafarova,Ayubov, etc
    using formula how ?

  25. Vipul says:

    Step 1 Sort names Alphabetically
    Step 2 Give 1 2 3 besides the names you wan't in order
    step 3 Sort selecting names & number by column having number ascending
    step 4 Use concatenate function for your numbered cell separating","

  26. Alvin says:

    I have a sheet formatted as a table, but when I try to use CONCATENATE it display the function text not the result of the function.

    For example:
    in cell A1 (header): CodeFirst
    in cell A2 (text value): AA
    in cell B1 (header): CodeSecond
    in cell B2 (text value): BB

    in cell C2: =CONCATENATE([@[CodeFirst]];[@[CodeSecond]])
    it display as it is, not AABB

    any ideas?

  27. Alvin says:

    in addtion to my question above, I format column C as General, not Text.

  28. Alvin says:

    Never mind, I solved it. Thanks.

  29. Billy says:

    Hi there,

    I am trying to use the concatenate function on two cells, one that is formatted as a number and another cell that is formatted as a percentage.

    It seems the new combined cell doesn't maintain the % formatting, so I am just ending up with a number and a very long decimal.

    Is it possible to keep the % formatting in the combined cell?


  30. Mahshid says:

    How to make new row in one cell or make alt+enter in concatenate formula

  31. sturgaa says:

    Goal: Take information from cell A2 on sheet "Ref", then use that to concatenate that information to set a reference list for sheet "2".

    Cell 2!A40: =Ref!A2

    Cell 2!B40: =if(B40=0," ","=Ref!b"&A40)

    So, when sheet "Ref" has something in Ref!A2 then 2!B2 will show what is in cell Ref!B2)

    I want to then be able to copy sheet "2" to make sheets"3","4","5", etc. and have Sheet "3" show what is in cell Ref!B3 and so on for each following sheets.

    • Hello,
      For me to understand the problem better, please send me a small sample workbook with your source data and the result you expect to get to Please don't worry if you have confidential information there, we never disclose the data we get from our customers and delete it as soon as the problem is resolved.
      Please also don't forget to include the link to this comment into your email.
      I'll look into your task and try to help.

  32. Selva says:

    Used CONCATENATE(A1:A3 & " ," ) to combine cells with a separator it is working fine(Used F9). Now i need to apply for all rows but it is not working. Can you help here. Thanks

    • Hi Selva,

      Please try one of the following formulas:

      1. =CONCATENATE(A1,",",A2,",",A3,",")

      2. If you use Excel 2016, then you can try this array formula:
      Please don’t forget to press Ctrl + Shift + Enter to complete it. Once you do this, Excel will automatically enclose the formula in {curly braces}. In no case should you type the curly braces manually, the formula won't work.

      Hope this will help you.

  33. Ankur says:

    I have 2 columns Singer 1 and singer 2. I want to concatenate with comma separator. However in some rows only Singer 1 Values are available and if there is no value in singer 2 - I dun want the comma separator to be posted since there is a single value.

    For better understanding:
    Scenario 1 -
    Singer 1 - Jolly
    Singer 2 - Nerdsk
    Result of concatenation - Jolly, Nerdsk

    Scenario 2
    Singer 1 - Jolly
    Singer 2 -
    Result of Concatenation - Jolly,
    The result I m looking for is - Jolly without a comma

    Hope this explains what I am trying to convey.
    Do let me know a solution that I can implement.
    Thank You In Advance

  34. Christi Erwin says:

    I'm combining number cells. One of the number cells is formatted special to show three digits (000). But when I combine them the first zeros disappear. So, 001 in that cell needs to be displayed as 001 (which is exactly the number in that cell) not as 1 (single digit).

    How do I combine them and still keep my cell formatting the same.

  35. Chris says:


    I have set up my formula and it covers a large range. I separate the texts with commas. How do I remove the excess commas at the end, without shorting the range? Thanks in advance!

  36. Shahad says:


    i need any help please
    i have a single column with 2322 cells, and want to combine the data for each 20 cells together on next column and continue


  37. Diane says:

    URGENT! - I have concatenate(C2, " ",B2),I have copied the data in the remaining fields.
    Now I need to REMOVE fields B & C without obtaining the #REF! error

  38. Elaine says:

    How can change names in single cell of a spread sheet from lastname, firstname
    entered just like that, with a comma. I want to cell to give me the names firstname lastname with no comma. Is that possible?

  39. Richard says:


    Imstruggling to make 2 formulas based on these digits:


    1) I need a formula which will turn it into this:

    05517 012.010

    -Which is remove the 9
    -Then space after the 5th digit
    -Add decimal after 7th digit

    and 2)

    I also need to turn a different cell into this:


    -which is remove the first 6 digits
    - Then add the decimal in the same place as above.

    Any help woul be much appreciated!

  40. Meg says:

    Thank you for this excellent guide. I have a series of concatenated sentences each with text intermixed with values (numbers) pulled from other cells. In some cases, I have used the TEXT function to render the desired number format. However, I am looking to make the values (whether or not with the TEXT function) to pop out of the surrounding text in a contrasting colour. How can I format it to do this? I was hoping the TEXT function would enable this, but cannot see how. Thank you.

    • Hello,

      Please note that the TEXT function does not support color formatting. So if you copy a number format code from the Format Cells dialog that includes a color, e. g. $#,##0.00_);[Red]($#,##0.00), the TEXT function will accept the format code, but it won't display the color.

      Hope it will help you.

  41. Dan says:

    here is one i am trying to do...
    I have a pricing matrix and i have named each cell in the matrix by its location within the matrix, example...
    A1=ABa1, B1=ABa2, C1=ABa3
    A2=ABb1, B2=ABb2, C2=ABb3
    A3=ABc1, B3=ABc2, C3=ABc3

    so on another sheet i have my products that are coded with these name. example...
    Product A: S1234a1
    Product B: S4567b4

    i want to strip that "a1" off the end and then use it in the formula to show the price for ABa1.
    I use "RIGHT" formula to grab the 'a1' text, and then i use CONCATENATE with plain AB text to create the value ABa1 displayed in the cell. so thats great i can see a string on data that is exactly what i want

    so heres my dilemma...
    in any cell, if i manually type in "=ABa1", it refers to the cell which i named ABa1 and the value within that cell is displayed. makes sense works perfect...

    but what i want to do is use my CONCATENTATED string of data, rather that actually keying in the my "=ABa1".

    somehow like this....=(the concatenated data string i want use), and then will have the same affect as when i manually key it in.

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