How to calculate days between dates in Excel

This tutorial will teach you a few quick and easy ways to find out how many days are between two dates in Excel.

Are you wondering how many days between two dates? Maybe, you need to know the number of days between today and some date in the past or future? Or, you just want to count working days between two dates? Whatever your problem is, one of the below examples will certainly provide a solution.

Days between dates calculator

If you are looking for a quick answer, just supply the two dates in the corresponding cells, and our online calculator will show you how many days there are from date to date:

Curious to know the formula that has calculated your dates? It's as simple as =B3-B2 :)

Below you will find the detailed explanation on how this formula works and learn a few other methods to calculate days between dates in Excel.

How many days between dates calculation

The easiest way to calculate days between dates in Excel is by subtracting one date from another:

Newer date - Older date

For example, to find out how many days are between dates in cells A2 and B2, you use this formula:

=B2 - A2

Where A2 is an earlier date, and B2 is a later date.

The result is an integer that represents no. of days between two dates:
Subtract one date from another to find out how many days are between dates.

How this formula works

As you probably know, Microsoft Excel stores dates as serial numbers starting on 1-Jan-1900, which is represented by the number 1. In this system, 2-Jan-1900 is stored as the number 2, 3-Jan-1900 as 3, and so on. So, when subtracting one date from another, you actually subtract the integers representing those dates.

In our example, the formula in C3, subtracts 43226 (the numeric value of 6-May-18) from 43309 (the numeric value of 28-Jul-18) and returns a result of 83 days.

The beauty of this method is that it works perfectly in all cases, no matter which date is older and which is newer. If you are subtracting a later date from an earlier date, like in row 5 in the screenshot above, the formula returns a difference as a negative number.

Calculate number of days between dates in Excel with DATEDIF

Another way to count days between dates in Excel is by using the DATEDIF function, which is specially designed to work out the date difference in various units, including days, months and years.

To get the number of days between 2 dates, you supply the start date in the first argument, end date in the second argument, and "d" unit in the last argument:

DATEDIF(start_date, end_date, "d")

In our example, the formula goes as follows:

=DATEDIF(A2, B2, "d")

Unlike the subtraction operation, a DATEDIF formula can only subtract an older date from a newer date, but not the other way round. If the start date is later than the end date, the formula throws a #NUM! error, like in row 5 in the screenshot below:
DATEDIF formula to calculate the number of days between two dates in Excel

Note. DATEDIF is an undocumented function, meaning it is not present in the list of functions in Excel. To build a DATEDIF formula in your worksheet, you will have to type all the arguments manually.

Count days between dates with Excel DAYS function

The users of Excel 2013 and Excel 2016 have one more amazingly simple way to calculate days between two dates - the DAYS function.

Please pay attention that compared to DATEDIF, a DAYS formula requires the arguments in the reverse order:

DAYS(end_date, start_date)

So, our formula takes the following shape:

=DAYS(B2, A2)

Like subtraction, it returns the difference as a positive or negative number, depending on whether the end date is greater or smaller than the start date:

Count days between dates with the DAYS function.

How to calculate number of days between today and another date

In fact, calculating the number of days from or before a certain date is a particular case of "how many days between dates" math. For this, you can use any of the formulas discussed above and supply the TODAY function instead of one of the dates.

To calculate the number of days since date, i.e. between a past date and today:

TODAY() - past_date

To count the number of days until date, i.e. between a future date and today:

Future_date - TODAY()

As an example, let's calculate the difference between today and an earlier date in A4:

=TODAY() - A4

Calculate the number of days between a past date and today.

And now, let's find out how many days are between today and a later date:
Find out how many days are between today and a future date.

How to calculate working days between two dates in Excel

In situations when you need to get the number of working days between two dates, use the NETWORKDAYS function:

NETWORKDAYS(start_date, end_date, [holidays])

The first two arguments should already look familiar to you, and the third (optional) argument allows excluding a custom list of holidays from the day count.

To find out how many working days are between two dates in columns A and B, use this formula:


Calculate working days between two dates in Excel.

Optionally, you can enter your holiday list in some cells and tell the formula to leave out those days:

=NETWORKDAYS(A2, B2, $A$9:$A$10)

As the result, only business days between two dates are counted:
Business days between two dates are counted.

Tip. In case you need to handle custom weekends (e.g. weekends are Sunday and Monday or Sunday only), use the NETWORKDAYS.INTL function, which allows you to specify what days of the week should be considered weekends.

Find number of days between two dates with Date & Time Wizard

As you see, Microsoft Excel provides a handful of different ways to count days between dates. If you are not sure which formula to use, let our Date & Time Wizard do the how-many-days-between-two-dates calculation for you. Here's how:

  1. Select the cell in which you want to insert the formula.
  2. On the Ablebits Tools tab, in the Date & Time group, click Date & Time Wizard:
    Date & Time Formula Wizard for Excel
  3. In the Date & Time Wizard dialog window, switch to the Difference tab and do the following:
    • In the Date 1 box, enter the first date (start date) or a reference to the cell containing it.
    • In the Date 2 box, enter the second date (end date).
    • In the Difference in box, select D.

    The wizard immediately shows a formula preview in the cell and the result in the Difference in box.

  4. Click the Insert formula button and have the formula inserted in the selected cell. Done!
    Build a formula to calculate days between two dates in Excel.

A double-click on the fill handle, and the formula gets copied across the column:
A formula calculates how many days are between dates in two columns.

To display the date difference in a slightly different way, you are free to choose any of the additional options:

  • Show text labels - the word "days" will appear along with the number, like shown in the screenshot below.
  • Do not show zero units­ - if the date difference is 0 days, an empty string (blank cell) will be returned.
  • Negative result if Date 1 > Date 2 - the formula will return a negative number is the start date is later than the end date.

The screenshot below shows a couple of additional options in action:
Show the date difference with text labels

This is how you calculate the number of days between dates in Excel. If you'd like to test our Date & Time Formula Wizard in your worksheets, you are welcome to download 14-day trial version of Ultimate Suite, which includes this as well as 60+ other time-saving tools for Excel.

Available downloads

How Many Days Between Dates - examples (.xlsx file)
Ultimate Suite - trial version (.zip file)

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118 comments to "How to calculate days between dates in Excel"

  1. Eleanor Oates says:


    I apologise if this has already been asked.
    I am wanting to work out the number of days between dates and clearly this is the right place.
    I have followed the simple suggestion of minus one date cell from the other and this, for example, calculates 1 day between 27 and 28 March 2022.
    However, with my job, I class this as 2 days. I start work on 27 March and leave on the 28 and charge 2 full days rate.
    How do I ask Excel to see this as 2 days.
    Another example would be 09 to 24 January 2023 where Excel is showing 15 days when I need it to calculate 16 days

    Please help :-)

  2. CeeJay says:

    How do I calculate the number of days between 2 dates if the dates are in this number format: 11/12/2021 and 04/01/2022? It seems Excel can only do it if the format is either like this: 2021/12/11 or 11-Dec-2021

  3. Victoria says:

    Hi there,

    I need help calculating the difference between two dates. I need to find out how many days a patient has been in our facility based on the entry /discharge dates within the month of November 2021 for example. Below are the entry/discharge dates and the number of days I need to obtain.Where discharge day is blank means the pacient is still in the facility so I need to use the month end date.
    Any help/comment is much appreciated. Many thanks.

    Beginning period End period
    1/11/2021 30/11/2021

    Entry date Discharge date No of days
    1/10/2021 30
    16/11/2021 21/12/2021 15
    3/11/2021 26/11/2021 23
    1/11/2021 30
    28/09/2021 15/11/2021 14

  4. Mohamed says:


    Now I have another Issue. That is, I need to find the days after the days crossed (for example: I entered one employee passport date of expiry 15/05/2020 and after the expiry date the days are not counting)

    can you please clarify this also...

    And your formula works, but I need to find also the days after expiry (i.e days with - )

      • Mohamed says:


        I have tried your formula but its not what I ask. So i have shared you my sample excel with you. If possible please clarify.

        Actually I need all in one cell like If I enter past date, todays date or upcoming dates. I need to get result.

        =IF(A1 < TODAY(),TODAY()-A1,A1-TODAY()) This formula it is not showing the past dates result in (Minus)

        For Example

        Passport Expiry - 25/08/2019
        The result coming - 975 days (by using your formula)

        But I need result - (-975 days)

        if Passport Expiry - 25/08/2022
        The result - 121 days (this is ok)

        So I need the past dates result in minus (-)

        Hope you understand my question. Please clarify


  5. Mohamed says:


    I would like to calculate the remaining days with the current date (TODAYS DATE). So I use formula (=upcoming date - TODAY()). I get the result. But if I am coping same formula to the other cells which is "upcoming date cell is empty" the result showing "-44673" . But I need the cell to be empty or 0 instead of showing this "-44673". Is there any solution Please help me out.


      • Mohamed says:


        Now I have another Issue. That is, I need to find the days after the days crossed (for example: I entered one employee passport date of expiry 15/05/2020 and after the expiry date the days are not counting)

        can you please clarify this also...

        And your formula works, but I need to find also the days after expiry (i.e days with - )

  6. Md. Kamrul Hasan says:

    How many days Between 3/1/22 to 3/28/22

    where, Holidays: 3/19/2, 3/26/22
    Weekend: Friday Only
    Absent Days: 3/3/22, 3/17/22

    Please Give Solution With Details Formula

  7. Amit says:

    I want to find the number of days from a date till today, the issue i am facing is the date format available is mmddyy but system date format is mmddyy hence i am getting value error, plz help

  8. Danny says:

    Hello Team,

    Could you please assist me on how to find the number of days between dates that includes hours.
    please see the bellow example.

    (A) Date of arrival: 01-March-2022 05:30
    (B) Date of departure: 08-March-2022 21:45

    what is the total number of days between A to B

      • Evelyn says:

        Hello Sir!
        I'd like to ask you how to calculate total days, hour, and minutes between 2 cells that both used =int formula. Is there any formula that can be used to find the sum of those 2 cells? Thank you in advance!

        • Hi!
          I’m not sure I got you right since the description you provided is not entirely clear. Do you want to calculate the difference or sum of cells? What does the function INT have to do with it?
          Have you tried using the formula right above your question?

          • Evelyn says:

            I'm sorry for the confusing question.
            I will provide example then :)

            I had 4 cells that contain dd/mm/yyyy hh:mm information and 2 cells that used INT function

            A. Departure from X : 07/03/2022 18:00
            B. Arrival at Y : 09/3/2022 19:30
            C. Total number of days and hours using INT function like this
            =INT(F13-E13)& "days, "&HOUR(F13-E13) & "hours, "&MINUTE(F13-E13) & " minutes"
            Result : 2 days, 0 hours, 30 minutes

            D. Departure from Y : 11/03/2022 07:10
            E. Arrival at Z : 12/03/2022 14:30
            F. Total number of days and hours using INT function
            =INT(I13-H13)& "days, "&HOUR(I13-H13) & "hours, "&MINUTE(I13-H13) & " minutes"
            Result : 1 days, 7 hours, 20 minutes

            I'd like to know if there is formula I can use to calculate total number of days for trip from X to Z based on cell C and F. Usually I calculate it manually and type it to the Total Trip Duration cell.

            Thank you :)

              • Evelyn says:

                I guess I have to calculate it manually. I think using cells A and E will result total days of the trip from the start to the end without subtracting the rest days (stops at Y). It will result 4 days 20 hours 30 minutes, instead of 3 days 7 hours 50 minutes.

                Anyway, thank you for answering my question. I appreciate your help.
                Have a good day! :)

  9. Sarah says:


    Is there a formula that can be used to calculate the total number of days for multiple date ranges in a table? I want to to avoid creating a new column (Total Days) and then adding the total number of days together to get the grand total.

    Sample Data:

    Start Date End Date Total Days
    11/9/2018 12/5/2018 26
    12/7/2018 12/25/2018 18
    12/10/2018 12/30/2018 20

    Grand Total days = 64

  10. Kevin Mann says:

    I'm trying to workout number of days within a period and are within a period.
    for example Start Date 01/01/2022, End Date 31/06/2022, however i only want to know the days within 02/2022 within the intial period.

    Anyhelp from anyone

  11. Akshay says:

    Hi Sir,

    I need to find the time period 00:00 to 08:00 hrs from two dates with time, for example 12/01/22 22:00 to 14/01/22 18:00. I would like to know how many times the period 00:00 to 08:00 occurred in this date range and specifically on which dates.

    Requesting your help.

  12. Sandra Kis says:

    I am trying to calculate the number of days between 2 dates, ensure I am including leap year thinking plus a cap at 3 years
    start date end date
    06/26/1989 07/19/2021 = 11711 days =DAYS(B4-A4)

    end date
    07/19/2021 - (minus) = new date
    how can i cap this from going back further than 3 years? 07/19/2018
    does this formula also include the extra day when a leap year is included?

  13. Jonathan McCathy says:

    Need a formula to show the percentage reminding for a task if the start date in column A = 7/3/2021 and the due date in column B is 12/23/2021. Need to place % it in column D.


  14. Sazedul Munna says:

    I Have A question suppose in a cell I want subtraction of two dates and result comes Zero Day or 1 Day or 2 Days or Minus 1 Day or Minus 2 Days. How do the cells show Day or Days including the Numbers as mentioned?

  15. Epark says:

    Hello. I opened a blank excel 2016 document and tried. None of your formula worked. I even tried making the cells formatted into Dates and they don't work

    I used



    None of them...

  16. laveena Veer says:

    Dear Sir,

    I am ins search with a formula which can be used for - difference or Addition between 2 dates with outocme in Date only

  17. SUNIL KUMAR SAHU says:

    Sir I want to Calculate number of days between start date & time to end date & time i.e 20-11-2020 07:00 am to 21-11-2020 07:00 am 1 day if date 21-11-2020 07:01 am then 2 days it will show if DATE IS 20-11-2020 time is any time after 07:00 am to 21-11-2020 07:00 am it calculate 1 days after 07:00 am it calculate 2 days automatically can you help me ?

  18. Douglas says:

    In excel 2007 database.
    I have current date in column A, there are also dates in columns AH, AX, BI and BS.
    It would be very useful if I can replace date with days between A and each of the other 4. so number of days between A and AH, A and AX, A and BI, and A and BS. Since there are in excess of 30000 rows, it would be useful to automatically calculate the days for each row with a single formula!
    Found your articles very informative and hope you can assist with this rather strange request.
    Many thanks in anticipation,
    Stay safe,

  19. Pallavi Alloju says:

    As an example, let's calculate the difference between today and an earlier date in A4:

    =TODAY() - A4

    From the above example I am trying to calculate the number of working days.
    The date Column1
    21/10/2020 In this column I would like to display the number of working days from 24/10/2020 till today

    Please help.

  20. Innocent Athanasi says:


    i have come across this formula, i just need to understand how exactly it works.

    V4= column containing the Difference between two dates.
    K4= column containing different dates and times.

    kindly help.

    • I’m sorry but your task is not entirely clear to me. For me to be able to help you better, please describe your task in more detail. Please specify what you were trying to find, what formula you used. Give an example of the source data and the expected result.
      It’ll help me understand it better and find a solution for you.

  21. Lisa says:

    I have four columns with dates. First column in date of receipt(7/1/20), second column is date of 1st response (7/5/20), third column is IF a 2nd response is needed and fourth column is IF a third response is needed. I need a column that totals # of days from date of receipt until last response (whether 1, 2, or 3). How do I build a formula for that?

  22. Kathryn says:

    I have 5 customer transactions, each on different days, displayed on different rows, there is a common customer ID - i want to understand how many days from the earliest transaction date to the most recent transaction date. ie. Calculating customer lifetime in days. Help? Thanks!

    • Kathryn says:

      Note - i could have 20k rows of customer data so cannot manually take dates to calculate. Needs to be something like IF Customer ID = "Customer ID", calculate days between Newer Date and Older Date...

      • Hello Kathryn!
        Unfortunately, without seeing your data it is impossible to give you advice.

        I'm sorry, it is not very clear what result you want to get. Could you please describe your task in more detail and send us a small sample workbook with the source data and expected result to Please shorten your tables to 10-20 rows/columns and include the link to your blog comment.

        We'll look into your task and try to help.

  23. Felicia says:

    Hi, Hope someone could help.
    I have 2 days the same date.
    The difference of days will be Zero, 0.
    What I want is to days to todate.
    For instance,
    A1 B1 C1
    3/29/2012 3/29/2012 A1-B1 + days till today(for instance 26 July 2020)
    Hope someone could help.
    Thank you,

    • Hello Felicia!
      I don't quite understand what your problem is. Read the section "How many days between dates calculation" above. Please specify what you were trying to find, what formula you used and what problem or error occurred. Give an example of the source data and the expected result.
      It’ll help me understand it better and find a solution for you.

  24. Ajay says:

    Hi There,
    My question is if I want to know the days gap between 2 dates, but it should not calculate the first day. From the the second day the counting should begin.

    Here is a query -
    Start Date 10-March-2020
    End Date 15-March-2020
    Leaving Date 11-March-2020, counting should begin from 12-March-2020.
    Answer should be 4.

  25. Excel Query says:

    i have a query:
    i want to calculate the no of days starting from say 1st Jan, 12 AM midnight( start of day) to 5th Jan, 12 AM midnight (end of day).
    this should give me 5 days but the excel formula gives me 4 days
    how do i calculate that?

  26. Marie says:

    What's the formula if I want to know the age of an invoice as of today?
    A1 - 9-dec-2019 (invoice date)
    B1 - 9-Jan-2020 (invoice due date)
    c1 - age as of Jan 30 (date today)
    Thanks for the help in advance

  27. Paige says:

    I need to enter a third date into the argument. I am counting the number of days elapsed between a date in the past (say in cell A1) and 'TODAY' (say the formula is in Cell A2) , but I then need to add in a completion date (say in cell A3) and need the number of days to stop counting once the completion date is entered. How do I tell the formula to stop counting when that completion date is entered? Oh, I also need to tell the formula that if A1 is blank, leave A2 blank. So at the moment my formula would look like this:

  28. Max says:

    If the date format in your excel sheet does not reflect what is displayed on your windows taskbar, then this may not work for you. In order to fix this you can change your Regional format data with the following instructions:
    Right-click on time and choose "adjust date/time"
    Under related settings choose "Date, time, & regional formatting"
    Under Regional format data choose "Change data formats"
    Select the short date format that works for you
    Bask in the glory of solving this mystery that plagued me for longer than I care to mention.

  29. Ruta says:

    This counter is not that good... He counts first and last day. And then it is not correct. For example I need to count 90 days from 17 nov. Last day I get 15 febr. But it is not right - then I have 91 day!!! He should not count the last day...

  30. Himanshu Dave says:

    Good Morning.
    I need Deviation in days between Actual date and Desired date as per Planner,,
    Cell A1 is last calibration date (22 August 2019)
    Cell B1 is Next Calibration date (22 Sept 2019) calibration validity is 1 month.
    Cell A 10 is calibration done date (27 sept 2019)
    how to calculate the calibration deviation in the planner,,

  31. Maria Khan says:

    I need to prepare a summary of different workers. how i calculate in a single formula that how many workers we have staff cadre and are regular and contract and how many staff are regular and contract.

  32. Jay says:

    I need help with calculating the number of holidays in a per month.
    These are the holidays for 2019:
    These are the holiday for 2020:

  33. Biswajit Routray says:

    I want formula for counting days between two dates. In case of from date and to date are same so here the number of days is 1. But all above formula shows 0.

  34. Thshara Bandara says:

    Hi, I need help if someone knows about excel formulas. I have an excel sheet that has an ordered date and days been ordered. But some of the cells do not have requested date, in that case, I need the cells to be empty.

  35. Tena Franc says:

    Hi I am really stryggling with the correct formulas for these columns. I think I have them done correctly, but can't seem to figure out how to get the "Days Complete" and the "Days Remaining" in real time. So if it is completed, it should show 0, and if compared to the present I don't want it to show a negative number but just a zero for completion. HELP PLEASE!! Here are my columns and their values:


  36. Mike says: there a way to Calculate the # of workdays between 2 dates & then allocate them by month? I just can't seem to get any formula to work?

  37. Violin_Fish says:

    I need a formula to calculate number of days between 2 dates. However, the number of days must be separated. Example: column A: 29/1/19 - 2/2/19, then column B = number of days for January, column C = number of day for February.

  38. Asif says:

    Dear sir,
    I want to calculate days from date to end date i.e if vacation start from 10 jan to 20 jan, by above formula it will show 10 days but atual it is 11 days. Can you explain please

  39. Sid says:

    I have entered entry and leaving dates from India for last 3 years, and have found the number of days in between. I want this for a range of dates, example in 2017, how many days was I in the country? Pls help, thanks.


    Dear SIr,
    Please share demo how to do like this because i trying so many time but i not get actual formula so i request to you share on video to how make formula this is very valuable formula.
    Thanks & Best Regards
    Mohammad Abid Quraishi

  41. victoria catterall says:


    I'm trying to do something similar to Danielle, but would like to calculate the number of days something is open, so I would need to use 3 dates to calculate this, date open, date closed and today.

    Would anyone be able to help with the formula?

    Thanks Vicky

  42. Danielle says:


    I am trying to total the number of days a certain job takes to do. However if the task is done in the same day how do I get excel to count this as 1 day?

    Any feedback would be super - thank you

  43. prema says:

    I need to know the day of the date in one coloumn
    for Example 23/10/2018 what would be the Day?

    For the 100 lines i will have the dates, i need to find the day

    • Hello, Prema.
      Thank you for contacting us and for your question.

      If you need to replace 23/10/2018 with the corresponding day of the week, you just need to select your cells, then press Ctrl+1 to open the Format Cells dialog. On the Number tab, select Custom from the Category list and type the following date format: dddd

      You can learn more about date formats in Excel in this article on our blog.

      Hope you’ll find this information helpful.

  44. need a date says:

    Could you please help me with the formula to work out how many days between dates, but if there is no start date (yet) to display 0 instead of 43388

  45. Date says:

    Can you please tell how can I add a text in this for example tell me the formula for current date to my excel data date is greater than 5 days I need one text as abcd.. can you please help me in this formula

  46. Matt says:

    In testing, it appears the DATEDIF does not compute date values prior to Jan 1, 1900. What's the solution for computing date different (age, for example), if the birth date is in the late 1800s?

  47. Doug says:

    The formula is ((End Date + End Time)-(Start Date + Start Time))*24
    Format each cell the way you usually do for each variable.
    Format the result cell as General or Number.

  48. Nitesh says:

    how to calculate times difference.
    if start date and start time in different column and end date and end time are in different column than how to calculate.

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