IFERROR with VLOOKUP in Excel - elegant way to trap #N/A errors

In this tutorial, we will be looking at how to use IFERROR and VLOOKUP functions together to trap and handle different errors. In addition, you are going to learn how to do sequential vlookups in Excel by nesting multiple IFERROR functions one onto another.

Excel VLOOKUP and IFERROR - these two functions may be pretty hard to understand separately, let alone when they are combined. In this article, you will find a few easy-to-follow examples that address common uses and clearly illustrate the formulas' logic.

If you don't have much experience with IFERROR and VLOOKUP functions, it may be a good idea to revise their basics first by following the above links.

IFERROR VLOOKUP formula to handle #N/A and other errors

When Excel Vlookup fails to find a lookup value, it throws an #N/A error, like this:
When Excel Vlookup fails to find a lookup value, it throws an #N/A error.

Depending on your business needs, you may want to disguise the error with your own text, zero, or a blank cell.

Example 1. Iferror Vlookup formula to replace all errors with your own text

If you'd like to replace the standard error notation with your custom text, wrap your VLOOKUP formula in IFERROR, and type any text you want in the 2nd argument (value_if_error), for example "Not found":

IFERROR(VLOOKUP(),"Not found")

With the lookup value in B2 in the Main table and the lookup range A2:B4 in the Lookup table, the formula takes the following shape:

=IFERROR(VLOOKUP(B2,'Lookup table'!$A$2:$B$5, 2, FALSE), "Not found")

The screenshot below shows our Excel IFERROR VLOOKUP formula in action:
Iferror Vlookup formula to replace errors with your own text.

The result looks much more understandable and far less intimidating, isn't it?

In a similar manner, you can use INDEX MATCH together with IFERROR:

=IFERROR(INDEX('Lookup table'!$B$2:$B$5,MATCH(B2,'Lookup table'!$A$2:$A$5,0)), "Not found")

The IFERROR INDEX MATCH formula is especially useful when you want to pull values from a column that lies to the left of the lookup column (left lookup), and return your own text when nothing is found.

Example 2. IFERROR with VLOOKUP to return blank or 0 if nothing is found

If you don't want to show anything when the lookup value is not found, have IFERROR display an empty string (""):


In our example, the formula goes as follows:

=IFERROR(VLOOKUP(B2,'Lookup table'!$A$2:$B$5, 2, FALSE), "")

As you can see, it returns nothing when the lookup value is not in the search list.
Iferror with Vlookup to return blank cell if nothing is found

If you'd like to replace the error with the zero value, put 0 in the last argument:

=IFERROR(VLOOKUP(B2,'Lookup table'!$A$2:$B$5, 2, FALSE), 0)

Word of caution! Excel IFERROR function catches all kinds of errors, not only #N/A. Is it good or bad? All depends on your goal. If you want to mask all possible errors, IFERROR Vlookup is the way to go. But it may be an unwise technique in many situations.

For example, if you've created a named range for your table data, and misspelled that name in your Vlookup formula, IFERROR will catch a #NAME? error and replace it with "Not found" or any other text you supply. As the result, you may never know your formula is delivering wrong results unless you spot the typo yourself. In such a case, a more reasonable approach would be trapping only #N/A errors. For this, use IFNA Vlookup formula in Excel for Office 365, Excel 209, Excel 2016 and Excel 2013, IF ISNA VLOOKUP in all Excel versions.

The bottom line is: be very careful when choosing a companion for your VLOOKUP formula :)

Nest IFERROR within VLOOKUP to always find something

Imagine the following situation: you look up a specific value in a list and do not find it. What choices do you have? Either get an N/A error or show your own message. Actually, there is a third option - if your primary vlookup stumbles, then search for something else that is definitely there!

Taking our example further, let's create some sort of dashboard for our users that will show them an extension number of a specific office. Something like this:
source data for VLOOKUP with nested IFERROR

So, how do you pull the extension from column B based on the office number in D2? With this regular Vlookup formula:


And it will work nicely as long as your users enter a valid number in D2. But what if a user inputs some number that does not exist? In this case, let them call the central office! For this, you embed the above formula in the value argument of IFERROR, and put another Vlookup in the value_if_error argument.

The complete formula is a bit long, but it works perfectly:

=IFERROR(VLOOKUP("office "&$D$2,$A$2:$B$7,2,FALSE),VLOOKUP("central office",$A$2:$B$7,2,FALSE))

If the office number is found, the user gets the corresponding extension number:
IFERROR formula with two vlookups

If the office number is not found, the central office extension is displayed:
If the first vlookup does not find anything, the second vlookup pulls a common value.

To make the formula a bit more compact, you can use a different approach:

First, check if the number in D2 is present in the lookup column (please notice that we set col_index_num to 1 for the formula to look up and return value from column A): VLOOKUP(D2,$A$2:$B$7,1,FALSE)

If the specified office number is not found, then we search for the string "central office", which is definitely in the lookup list. For this, you wrap the first VLOOKUP in IFERROR and nest this whole combination inside another VLOOKUP function:

=VLOOKUP(IFERROR(VLOOKUP(D2,$A$2:$B$7,1,FALSE),"central office"),$A$2:$B$7,2)

Well, a slightly different formula, the same result:
Vlookup with the nested IFERROR function

But what is the reason to look up "central office", you may ask me. Why not supply the extension number directly in IFERROR? Because the extension may change at some point in the future. If this happens, you will have to update your data just once in the source table, without worrying about updating each of your VLOOKUP formulas.

How to do sequential VLOOKUPs in Excel

In situations when you need to perform the so-called sequential or chained Vlookups in Excel depending on whether a prior lookup succeeded or failed, nest two or more IFERROR functions to run your Vlookups one by one:


The formula works with the following logic:

If the first VLOOKUP does not find anything, the first IFERROR traps an error and runs another VLOOKUP. If the second VLOOKUP fails, the second IFERROR catches an error and runs the third VLOOKUP, and so on. If all Vlookups stumble, the last IFERROR returns your message.

This nested IFERROR formula is especially useful when you have to Vlookup across multiple sheets as shown in the below example.

Let's say, you have three lists of homogeneous data in three different worksheets (office numbers in this example), and you want to get an extension for a certain number.

Assuming the lookup value is in cell A2 in the current sheet, and the lookup range is A2:B5 in 3 different worksheets (North, South and West), the following formula works a treat:

=IFERROR(VLOOKUP(A2,North!$A$2:$B$5,2,FALSE), IFERROR(VLOOKUP(A2,South!$A$2:$B$5,2,FALSE), IFERROR(VLOOKUP(A2,West!$A$2:$B$5,2,FALSE),"Not found")))

So, our "chained Vlookups" formula searches in all three sheets in the order we nested them in the formula, and brings the first match it finds:
Nested IFERROR functions to do sequential Vlookups

This is how you use IFERROR with VLOOKUP in Excel. I thank you for reading and hope to see you on our blog next week!

Available downloads

Excel IFERROR VLOOKUP formula examples

24 responses to "IFERROR with VLOOKUP in Excel - elegant way to trap #N/A errors"

  1. FrankieDakin22 says:


    Is there a way i can get a cell to return a blank cell after a particular date? if its before a date then use zero. Im having trouble with so many commands.

  2. Sky says:

    Your timing is excellent. Just started new job and they gave me 3 files with 1 million rows each. Of couse split amongst tabs. I was going crazy with all the vlookup and now you helped me save hours of work. Thank you thank you.

  3. Joswas1231 says:

    Column A2:A173 contains 1,2 or is blank
    column c contains a date or is blank

    I need a formula to do the following:
    If column a contains a 1 or 2 look at the same row in column C and if that contains ANY entry (will most likely be a date) count it.

  4. Varnik kanojia says:

    Hi, mam
    I have a data in sheet first is name and second is dob i want to do if month is coming dob highlights automatically

  5. sarvat says:

    Please send me main excel accounting formulas at above email

  6. asli says:

    you are my number one !!!

  7. Zohan mekdara says:

    Ablebits is the best excel adviser, appreciated your job


  8. vishal agrawal says:

    Hello Mam,
    Please send me a video of IFERROR formula with vlookup.

  9. Allan says:

    I'm using excel office 360. When I do the vlookup, am getting the return value of the "text formula I typed in". How to fix this?

  10. Dilip Gaur says:

    when we revise the VLOOKUP Function, what is replaced with COLUMN Function

  11. Omprakash says:

    =IFERROR(VLOOKUP(A2,'Balance'!A:C,2,FALSE),0) is not working when A2 more than A999 how to solve it

    • Hello!
      I have checked the work of your VLOOKUP function in my own file and haven’t found any error. However, the formula I used looks as follows:


      May this be the problem? If you are still getting an error, please describe the problem in more detail so that I’ll be able to help you better.

  12. Madi says:

    I am trying to have my formula look up a text value and if the text is not present then move to the next row under it. If the text is present I want it populate onto a new sheet, if it isn't present then I don't want it to appear at all and I don't want blank rows to populate. Please help. Thanks in advance!

  13. Perla says:

    Mine worked Perfectly!!!!!!!
    Thank you so much for the explanation, very easy to follow. :)

  14. Jen says:

    Having trouble with the correct IF and VLookup formula. I have 2 separate sheets; 1 with names and the second with names and email addresses. I need a formula that will check to see if the a name on the first sheet is on the second sheet, and if it is, bring over the email address to the first sheet, in a new cell. Any ideas?

  15. Jason says:

    This is fantastic stuff, but I have an issue that I cannot seem to get around.. Can you pls pls pls help..


    Looking in 2 sheets for a given value and returning the associated lookup value when it's there. This is working fine, but when a cell is blank I am getting a "Zero" in the result. But I want it to show as an "empty cell" or "". How can these be adapted to result in ""

    I have been stuck on this for days!.

    Thanks in advance

    • Hello!
      You can check the obtained values using the IF function:


      I hope it’ll be helpful.

  16. SP says:

    Is there a way to get from which sheet was the value picked up, for example in this case its south, and if there are multiple can it display from what sheets, the value was picked up.

    "=IFERROR(VLOOKUP(A2,North!$A$2:$B$5,2,FALSE), IFERROR(VLOOKUP(A2,South!$A$2:$B$5,2,FALSE), IFERROR(VLOOKUP(A2,West!$A$2:$B$5,2,FALSE),"Not found")))"

  17. Ryan Smith says:

    I am trying to combine two If statements with their own VLookup. I can get it to work if its just one, but not the other. I am using an IF statement to return the data based on the value of cell X, e.g. if cell x = ND, Vlookup to return the value, and if cell x = ED, Vlook up to return the value.

    =IF(I6="ND",VLOOKUP(J6,'Post Codes'!A2:B117,2,FALSE),"", IF(I6="ED",VLOOKUP(J6,'Post Codes'!A2:E117,5,False)""))

    Please help!

  18. NHK says:


    I am trying to do a vlookup function while returning value as below:

    1. if blank cell, it will return blank
    2. not found, it will return blank
    3. if there's a value, it will return the value.

    Currently my formula is like this -


    This formula works only if the value is integer but I encounter an error if the value inside the cell is a string. It will return as this - #VALUE for a string value.

    Please help.

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