"Excel" category, page 7

How to calculate internal rate of return (IRR) in Excel

When you know the internal rate of return of a project, you may think you have all you need to evaluate it - the bigger the IRR the better. In practice, it's not that simple. Continue reading

How to use MIRR function in Excel to calculate modified internal rate of return

For many years, finance experts and textbooks have warned about the flaws and deficiencies of the internal rate of return, but many executives keep using it for assessing capital projects. Do they enjoy living on the edge or simply are not aware of the existence of MIRR? Continue reading

Excel XIRR function to find internal rate of return for non-periodic cash flows

Calculating IRR for periodic cash flows is easy. In real life situations, however, cash inflows and outflows often happen at irregular intervals. Thankfully, Microsoft Excel has a special function to find IRR in such cases, and this tutorial will teach you how to use it. Continue reading

How to use Excel IRR function to calculate internal rate of return

IRR in Excel is one of the financial functions for calculating the internal rate of return, which is frequently used in capital budgeting to judge projected returns on investments. Continue reading

How to calculate NPV in Excel - net present value formula examples

Microsoft Excel has a special function for calculating NPV, but its use can be tricky especially if you have little experience in financial modeling. The purpose of this tutorial is to show you how the Excel NPV function works and point out possible pitfalls when calculating the net present value of a series of cash flows. Continue reading

Excel ribbon: quick guide for beginners

As with other Office applications, Excel ribbon is your primary interface that contains every command and feature you'll ever need. What to know what Excel is capable of? Go explore the ribbon! Continue reading

Customize Excel ribbon with your own tabs, groups or commands

Introduced in Excel 2007, the ribbon allows you to access most of the commands and features available in Excel. Why would you want to customize the ribbon? Perhaps you will find it convenient to have your own tab with your favorite and most used commands at your fingertips. Continue reading

How to show, hide and restore missing ribbon in Excel

Ribbon is the central point of whatever you do in Excel, the area where most of features and commands available to you reside. Do you feel the ribbon takes up too much of your screen space? No problem, one click of your mouse, and it is hidden. Continue reading

Quick Access Toolbar in Excel: how to customize, move, reset and share

Getting to the commands you use most often should be easy. And it is exactly what the Quick Access Toolbar is designed for. Add your favorite commands to the QAT so they are only a click away no matter what ribbon tab you currently have open. Continue reading

Developer tab in Excel: how to add, use and remove

You want to access one of advanced Excel features but are stuck at the very first step: where's the Developer tab they all talk about? The good news is that the Developer tab is available in every version of Excel though it is not enabled by default. This article shows how to quickly activate it. Continue reading

Calculating percent change (percentage increase / decrease) in Excel

In Microsoft Excel, there are 6 different functions for calculating variance but all of them are designed to find variance in the classical sense, i.e. how far a set of values are spread out from their average. In this article, you will learn how to calculate percentage variance between two cells. Continue reading

How to calculate variance in Excel - VAR, VAR.S, VAR.P and other functions

Variance is one of the most useful tools in probability theory and statistics. In science, it describes how far each number in the data set is from the mean. In practice, it often shows how much something changes. In this article, we will analyze different methods of calculating variance in Excel. Continue reading

How to add vertical line to Excel chart: scatter plot, bar chart and line graph

Even in the modern versions of Excel, there is no easy way to insert a vertical line in a chart. However, "no easy way" does not mean no way at all. We will just have to do a little lateral thinking! Continue reading

How to make a loan amortization schedule in Excel (with extra payments)

The tutorial shows how to make an amortization schedule in Excel to detail periodic payments on an amortizing loan or mortgage, including an amortization schedule with extra payments and a variable number of periods. Continue reading

Excel IPMT function to calculate interest portion of a loan payment

The interest portion of a loan payment can be calculated manually by multiplying the period's interest rate by the remaining balance. But Microsoft Excel has a special function for this – the IPMT function. In this tutorial, we will go in-depth explaining its syntax and providing real-life formula examples. Continue reading

Excel PPMT function with formula examples

When you make periodic payments on a loan or mortgage, a certain part of each payment goes towards the interest and the remainder is applied to the loan principal. In this tutorial, we will look at how to use the PPMT function to calculate the principal portion of the payment. Continue reading

How to use PMT function in Excel with formula examples

Before you borrow money it's good to know how a loan works. Thanks to the Excel financial functions such as PMT, PPMT and IPMT, computing periodic payments for a loan is easy. In this tutorial, we will have a closer look at the PMT function. Continue reading

How to add error bars in Excel: standard and custom

Scientists love quantifying different things, and they even found a way to quantify uncertainty. For this, they calculate confidence intervals, or margins of error, and display them by using error bars. Continue reading

TREND function and other ways to do trend analysis in Excel

These days when technologies, markets and customer needs are changing so rapidly, it is critical that you move with trends, and not against them. Trend analysis can help you identify underlying patterns in data movements and project future behavior. Continue reading

How to forecast in Excel: linear and non-linear forecasting methods

In statistics, there exist many different forecasting techniques and some of these techniques are already implemented in Excel. This tutorial will teach you how to forecast in Excel based on historical data and may help you save money on specialized forecasting software. Continue reading

Excel FORECAST functions with formula examples

In Microsoft Excel, there are several functions that can help you create linear and exponential smoothing forecasts based on historical data such as sales, budgets, cash flows, stock prices, and the like. Continue reading

How to use Flash Fill in Excel 365 - 2013

Flash Fill is one of the most amazing features of Excel. It grabs a tedious task that would take hours to be performed manually and executes it automatically in a flash. Continue reading

Excel CELL function with formula examples

The fastest way to get some specific information about a cell in Excel is to use the CELL function. Among other things, it can tell you whether a cell is protected or not, retrieve the cell address and value, show a full path to the workbook that contains the cell, and a lot more. Continue reading

Excel ADDRESS function with formula examples

To create a cell reference in Excel, you can type the column and row coordinates manually. Alternatively, you can get a cell address from the row and column numbers supplied to the ADDRESS function. Continue reading

Excel cell reference: how to make and use

As simple as it seems, Excel cell reference confuses many users. How is a cell address defined in Excel? What is an absolute and relative reference and when each should be used? In this tutorial, you will find answers to these and many more questions. Continue reading

Structured reference in Excel tables

One of the most useful features of Excel tables are structured references. When you have just stumbled upon a special syntax for referencing tables, it may look boring and confusing, but after experimenting a bit you will surely see how useful and cool this feature is. Continue reading

How to do Spearman correlation in Excel

When doing correlation analysis in Excel, in most cases you will deal with the Pearson correlation. But when the underlying assumptions of the Pearson correlation (continuous variables, linearity, and normality) are not met, you can do the Spearman rank correlation instead of Pearson's. Continue reading

Correlation in Excel: coefficient, matrix and graph

One of the simplest statistical calculations that you can do in Excel is correlation. Though simple, it is very useful in understanding the relations between two or more variables. Microsoft Excel provides all the necessary tools to run correlation analysis, you just need to know how to use them. Continue reading

Excel trendline types, equations and formulas

It is very easy to add a trendline in Excel. The only real challenge is to choose the trendline type that best corresponds to the type of data you are analyzing. In this tutorial, you will find the detailed description of all the trendline options available in Excel and when to use them. Continue reading

How to add trendline in Excel chart

When plotting data in a graph, you may often want to visualize the general trend in your data. This can be done by adding a trendline to a chart. Luckily, Microsoft Excel has made inserting a trend line very easy, especially in newer versions. Continue reading