#NAME error in Excel: reasons and fixes

In this article, we'll explore what a #NAME error is, why it occurs, and how to fix this error in Excel.

Even experienced Excel users may encounter errors while working with complex spreadsheets. One such error is #NAME, which can be frustrating to deal with but is usually easy to fix, especially when you know the reasons behind it.

What is a #NAME error in Excel?

#NAME? is a common Excel error notation that appears when a formula or function cannot find the referenced data it needs to complete the calculation. This could be caused by a few different things, such as a misspelling in the formula name or an invalid reference. It can also occur when a cell or range has been named incorrectly. #NAME error in Excel

Reasons for #NAME error in Excel

There are several reasons why a #NAME? error may occur in Excel. Here are some of the most common ones.

Function name misspelled

One of the most common causes of a #NAME error in Excel is the incorrect spelling of a function's name. Microsoft Excel has a large library of built-in functions that allow users to perform a variety of calculations. However, if the function's name is typed incorrectly, Excel will be unable to identify it and will display the #NAME error.

For instance, let's say you need to use a XLOOKUP or VLOOKUP formula to retrieve data from a table. If you accidentally misspell the function name as XLOKUP or VLOKUP, Excel won't recognize it as a valid function, resulting in a #NAME error being returned. #NAME error is caused by a misspelled function name.

Using new functions in older Excel versions

Another frequent cause of a #NAME error in Excel is trying to use new functions in earlier versions. Microsoft frequently updates Excel by adding new features and functions, but these updates are not backward compatible.

For example, all the dynamic array functions such as UNIQUE, FILTER, SORT, and others introduced in Excel 365 are not available in older versions. If you try to use any of those functions in Excel 2019 and earlier, you will get a #NAME error. A #NAME error occurs in Excel because of using a new function in an older version.

To avoid this issue, check the compatibility of the function with your Excel and upgrade to a newer version if necessary.

Invalid named range

Excel uses named ranges, which are user-defined labels for cells or ranges, to make it easier to reference data in formulas. When a formula refers to a named range that doesn't exist or has been deleted, Excel returns a #NAME error.

A misspelled named range can also lead to a #NAME error. For example, if you named a range Items but accidentally typed Itms in a formula, a #NAME error will occur. A typo in the range name causes a #NAME error.

One more source of errors related to named ranges can be the scope of a named range. Excel names can have either local scope (defined within a worksheet) or global scope (defined across the entire workbook). If you encounter a #NAME error when referencing a valid named range, it is likely because the range is scoped locally to a different sheet. To resolve this, ensure that you are referencing the named range correctly and that it has the appropriate scope. Read more about Excel names scope.

Incorrect range reference

Incorrectly referencing a range in a formula is yet another common cause of a #NAME error in Excel. This can happen if you manually enter the range reference and make a mistake. Some common mistakes when entering range references include:

  • Omitting a colon, such as typing A1A10 instead of A1:A10.
  • Incorrect address of the starting or ending cell reference, such as AS:A20 instead of A4:A20.
  • Referencing a cell outside the valid Excel range of A1:XFD1048576.
A formula returns a #NAME error because of an incorrect range reference.

To avoid typos, it's always best to select a range using a mouse or use Excel's built-in range selection tools.

Missing quotation marks around text values

When using text values in Excel formulas, you need to enclose text in double quotation marks, whether your value includes letters, special characters or only a space. Entering a text value without double quotes confuses Excel as it interprets the value as a function or range name, resulting in a #NAME error if no match is found.

For example, this CONCAT formula works nicely:

=CONCAT("Today is "&TEXT(TODAY(),"mmmm d, yyyy"))

While this one causes a #NAME error:

=CONCAT(Today is &TEXT(TODAY(),"mmmm d, yyyy")) A #NAME error occurs because text values are used in a formula without quotation marks.

Using smart quotes (also known as curly quotes) instead of straight quotes can also result in a #NAME error in Excel formulas. This error typically occurs when copying a formula from the web or another external source.

For example, if you copy the following formula to your worksheet, Excel will not recognize the smart quotes and will return a #NAME error:

=CONCAT(“Today is ”&TEXT(TODAY(),"mmmm d, yyyy")),

Once you replace the smart quotes with straight quotes, the formula will work correctly. It's always a good practice to check for smart quotes and replace them with straight quotes when copying a formula from somewhere.

Specific add-in or custom function missing

You may also encounter the #NAME? error if a particular add-in is required to execute a formula and that add-in is not installed or enabled in your Excel.

For example, to use the EUROCONVERT function, the Euro Currency Tools add-in needs to be enabled. To activate it, this is what you need to do:

  1. Click File > Options > Add-ins.
  2. In the Manage list box, pick Excel Add-ins and click Go.
  3. Check the corresponding box and click OK.

Aside from missing add-ins, a #NAME error can also be caused by a custom function missing in a specific sheet. Let's say you created a user-defined function named FindSumCombinations to find all combinations that equal a given sum, which works beautifully in the sheet where the function's code is added. In the sheet where the code is missing, a #NAME error occurs. A #NAME error occurs in Excel because a custom function is missing in a given worksheet.

How to avoid #NAME error in Excel

Now that we have covered some of the most common reasons for the #NAME error in Excel and how to troubleshoot them, let's have a look at some tips that can help you prevent this error in the first place :)

Excel Formula AutoComplete

After you start typing a formula in a cell, Excel shows a drop-down list of matching functions and names. This feature is known as Formula AutoComplete. By selecting the function or name from the list, you can avoid manually typing the full formula and prevent misspelling the function name. Additionally, the formula assistant offers a brief explanation of the function's syntax, making it easier for you to use the function correctly. Use Excel Formula AutoComplete to avoid #NAME errors.

Formula Wizard

The Formula Wizard in Excel can guide you through the process of building a formula step-by-step, ensuring that you use the correct function arguments and enter the correct references.

Name Manager and Use in Formula

Lastly, use the Name Manager to keep track of your defined names. This tool allows you to view and edit all named ranges in your workbook, ensuring that they are correct and up-to-date. By keeping your named ranges organized, you can avoid typo mistakes and scope mismatches that lead to the #NAME error.

If you need to use a specific named range in a formula but are unsure about its exact name, you can easily find it using the Use in Formula option located on the Formula tab, in the Defined Names group. Clicking on it will display a list of all the defined names in the current workbook, and you can select the right one with a click. Leverage the Use in Formula option to enter the defined names in a formula.

How to find #NAME errors in Excel

If you are facing the #NAME error in your worksheet, it's important to quickly identify all the cells that contain this error so you can fix them. This section shows a couple of methods to quickly do this.

Select #NAME errors with Go To Special

Using this feature, you can quickly select all the cells in the current sheet that have an error.

  1. Select the range of cells you want to check.
  2. On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Find & Select > Go to Special. Or press F5 and click Special… .
  3. In the dialog box that appears, select Formulas and check the box for Errors.
  4. Click OK.
Select #NAME errors using the Go To Special feature.

As a result, Excel will select all cells within a specified range that contain errors, including #NAME. Once the errors are identified, you can fix them by using the correct function name, correcting the named range reference, or addressing any other issue causing the error.

Note. This feature is not specific to the #NAME error – it will select cells with any type of error.

Find and remove all #NAME errors using Find and Replace

Another option to find #NAME errors in Excel is to use the Find and Replace functionality. The steps are:

  1. Select the range of cells you want to search for #NAME errors.
  2. Press the Ctrl + F shortcut to open the Find and Replace dialog box.
  3. In the Find what field, type #NAME?.
  4. Click on the Options button to expand the dialog box.
  5. In the Look in drop-down box, select Values.
  6. Click the Find All button.

Excel will display a list of all the cells that contain the #NAME error. Here, you can select a specific item to navigate to the corresponding cell and fix the error. Or you can select multiple items to highlight all the cells in the worksheet or delete all errors in one go. Find and remove #NAME errors in Excel.

Tip. To get rid of all #NAME errors at a time, you can use the Replace All feature. Simply press Ctrl + H on your keyboard to open the Find and Replace dialog box. Then, type #NAME? in the Find what box, leave the Replace with box blank and click Replace All. This will remove all instances of the #NAME error in your worksheet.

That's how to find and correct the #NAME error in Excel. By understanding the reasons behind it and using the tips provided in this article, you can minimize the risk of encountering this error in your work and save time and effort in fixing it.

Practice workbook for download

#NAME error in Excel - examples (.xlsx file)


  1. Hi,
    another user gets #NAME error after he filtered the table in which the formula selects data. When I am using the filter everything is fine. Is there any idea why this user specific behaviour occours and how we can analyse the reason for this?

  2. An _xlfn. prefix is displayed in front of a function in a formula. When the formula is calculated, it displays the #NAME? error value.

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