*The tutorial explains how to do trend analysis in Excel: how to insert a trendline in a chart, display its equation and get the slope of a trendline.*

When plotting data in a graph, you may often want to visualize the general trend in your data. This can be done by adding a trendline to a chart. Luckily, Microsoft Excel has made inserting a trend line very easy, especially in newer versions. Nevertheless, there are a few little secrets that make a big difference, and I will share them with you in a moment.

A **trendline**, also referred to as a **line of best fit**, is a straight or curved line in a chart that shows the general pattern or overall direction of the data.

This analytical tool is most often used to show data movements over a period of time or correlation between two variables.

Visually, a trendline looks somewhat similar to a line chart, but it doesn't connect the actual data points as a line chart does. A best-fit line shows the general trend in all the data, ignoring statistical errors and minor exceptions. In some cases, it can also be used to forecast trends.

A trendline can be added to a variety of Excel charts, including *XY* *scatter*, *bubble*, *stock*, as well as unstacked 2-D *bar*, *column*, *area* and *line* graphs.

You cannot add a trendline to 3-D or stacked charts, pie, radar and similar visuals.

Below, there is an example of a scatter plot with an extended trendline:

In Excel 2019, Excel 2016 and Excel 2013, adding a trend line is a quick 3-step process:

- Click anywhere in the chart to select it.
- On the right side of the chart, click the
*Chart Elements*button (the cross button), and then do one of the following:- Check the
*Trendline*box to insert the**default linear**trendline:

- Click the arrow next to the
*Trendline*box and choose one of the suggested types:

- Click the arrow next to
*Trendline*, and then click**More Options**. This will open the*Format Trendline*pane, where you switch to the**Trendline Options**tab to see all the trend line types available in Excel and choose the one you want. The default*Linear*trendline will be pre-selected automatically. Optionally, you can also display the trendline equation in the chart.

- Check the

Tip. Another quick way to add trendline to an Excel chart is to right-click the data series and then click **Add Trendline…**.

To add a trendline in Excel 2010, you follow a different route:

- On a chart, click the data series for which you want to draw a trendline.
- Under
*Chart Tools*, go to the*Layout*tab >*Analysis*group, click**Trendline**and either:- Pick one of the predefined options, or
- Click
**More Trendline Options…**, and then choose the trendline type for your chart.

Microsoft Excel allows adding more than one trendline to a chart. There are two scenarios that should be handled differently.

To put a trendline on a chart that has two or more data series, here's what you do:

- Right-click the data points of interest (blue ones in this example) and choose
**Add Trendline…**from the context menu:

- This will open the
**Trendline Options**tab of the pane, where you can choose the desired line type:

- Repeat the above steps for the other data series.

As the result, each data series will have its own trendline of the matching color:

Alternatively, you can click the *Chart* *Elements* button, then click the arrow next to **Trendline** and choose the type you want. Excel will show a list of the data series plotted in your chart. You pick the needed one and click *OK*.

To make two or more different trendlines for the same data series, add the first trendline as usual, and then do one of the following:

- Right-click the data series, select
**Add Trendline…**in the context menu, and then choose a different trend line type on the pane. - Click the
*Chart Elements*button, click the arrow next to**Trendline**and choose the type you want to add.

Either way, Excel will display multiple trendlines in the chart, Linear and Moving average in our case, for which you can set different colors:

To make your graph even more understandable and easily interpreted, you may want to change the default appearance of a trendline. For this, right-click it and then click **Format Trendline… **. Or simply double-click the trendline to open the *Format Trendline* pane.

On the pane, switch to the *Fill & Line* tab and choose the color, width and dash type for your trendline. For example, you can make it a solid line rather than a dashed line:

To project the data trends into the future or past, this is what you need to do:

- Double-click the trendline to open the
*Format Trendline*pane. - On the
*Trendline Options tab*(the last one), type the desired values in the**Forward**and/or**Backward**boxes under*Forecast*:

In this example, we choose to extend the trendline for 8 periods beyond the last data point:

**Trendline equation** is a formula that mathematically describes the line that best fits the data points. The equations are different for different trendline types, though in every equation Excel uses the **least squares** method to find the best fit for a line though data points. You can find the equations for all Excel trendlines types in this tutorial.

When drawing the line of best fit in Excel, you can display its equation in a chart. Additionally, you can display the *R-squared value.*

**R-squared value **(*Coefficient of Determination) **indicates* how well the trendline corresponds to the data. The closer the R^{2} value to 1, the better the fit.

To show the equation and R-squared value on a chart, do the following:

- Double-click the trendline to open its pane.
- On the pane, switch to the
*Trendline Options tab*and check these boxes:*Display Equation on chart**Display R-squared value on chart*

This will put the trendline formula and the R^{2} value at the top of your graph, and you are free to drag them wherever you see fit.

In this example, the R-squared value equals 0.957, which means that the trendline fits about 95% of data values.

Note. The equation displayed on an Excel chart is correct only for **XY scatter** plots. For more information, please see Why Excel trendline equation is wrong.

If the Excel trendline equation delivers inaccurate results when you supply x values to it manually, most likely it's because of rounding. By default, the numbers in the trendline equation are rounded to 2 - 4 decimal places. However, you can easily make more digits visible. Here's how:

- Select the trendline formula in the chart.
- On the
*Format Trendline Label*pane that appears, go to the**Label Options**tab. - In the
*Category*drop-down list, select**Number**. - In the
*Decimal places*box, type the number of**decimal places**you want to show (up to 30) and press Enter to update the equation in the chart.

To get the slope of the **linear trendline**, Microsoft Excel provides a special function of the same name:

SLOPE(known_y's, known_x's)

Where:

**Known_y's**is a range of the dependent data points plotted on the y-axis.**Known_x's**is a range of the independent data points plotted on the x-axis.

With the *x* values in B2:B13 and the *y* values in C2:C13, the formula goes as follows:

`=SLOPE(C2:C13, B2:B13)`

The slope can also be calculated by using the LINEST function in a regular formula:

`=LINEST(C2:C13,B2:B13)`

If entered as an **array formula** by pressing Ctrl + Shift + Enter, it would return the slope of the trendline and y-intercept into two adjacent cells in the same row. For more information, please see How to use the LINEST function in Excel.

As you can see in the following screenshot, the slope value returned by the formulas exactly matches the slope coefficient in the linear trendline equation displayed in our graph:

The coefficients of other trendline equation types (Exponential, Polynomial, Logarithmic, etc.) can also be calculated, but you'd need to use more complex formulas explained in Excel trendline equations.

To remove a trendline from your chart, right-click the line, and then click **Delete**:

Or click the *Chart Elements* button and unselect the **Trendline** box:

Either way, Excel will immediately remove the trendline from a chart.

That's how to do a trendline in Excel. I thank you for reading and hope to see you on our blog next week!

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