How to merge several Google sheets into one without copy-pasting

Every once in a while each Google Sheets user faces the inevitable: combining several sheets into one. Copy-pasting is tedious and time-consuming, so there has to be another way. And you're right – there are several ways, in fact. So get your tables ready and follow the steps from this article.

All the ways I describe can be used to process large tables. But to keep this guide as clear as possible, I'll keep my tables short and am going to cut down to a couple of sheets.

Reference cells in Google Sheets to pull data from another tab

The easiest way comes first. You can pull entire tables to one file by referencing cells with data from other sheets.

Note. This will do if you need to merge two or more sheets within one Google spreadsheet. To merge multiple Google spreadsheets into one, jump right to the next method.

So, my data is scattered all over different sheets: June, July, August. I'd like to pull data from July and August into June to have one table as a result:

  1. Find the first blank cell right after your table (the June sheet for me) and place the cursor there.
  2. Enter your first cell reference. The first table I want to retrieve starts from A2 in the July sheet. So I put:

    =July!A2

    Note. If there are spaces in your sheet name, you must wrap it in single quotes like this:

    ='July 2019'!A2

    This immediately replicates whatever lies in that cell:

    Enter your first cell reference below the table.

    Note. Use relative cell reference so it changes itself when copied to other cells. Otherwise, it will return incorrect data.
  3. Make sure the cell with the reference is selected and click on that little blue square at its bottom right corner. The mouse cursor will turn into a big black plus sign. Keep the mouse pressed and drag the cursor to as many columns to the right as you need to fill them with new records:

    Copy cell references over other columns.

  4. Select this entire new row, click that little blue square once again, hold and drag your mouse down – this time to fill entire rows with cell references and bring new data from another sheet:

    Bring data from another sheet with cell references.

Though this is probably the first way you may think of to pull data from another tab, it's not the most elegant and quick. Luckily, Google prepared other instruments specially for this purpose.

Copy the tabs into one spreadsheet

One of the standard ways is to copy the tabs of interest into the destination spreadsheet:

  1. Open the file that contains the sheet(s) you want to transfer.
  2. Right-click the first tab you need to export and choose Copy to > Existing spreadsheet:

    Copy the tab into an existing spreadsheet or a new spreadsheet.

  3. Next thing you'll see is the pop-up window inviting you to select the spreadsheet. Browse for it, click on it to highlight, and press Select when you're ready:

    Locate the spreadsheet to import data into.

  4. Once the sheet is copied, you'll get a corresponding confirmation message:

    A message confirming the sheet has been exported.

  5. You can either hit OK and continue with the current sheet or follow the link called Open spreadsheet. It will instantly get you to another spreadsheet with the first sheet already there:

    The tab is copied to another spreadsheet.

Export/import sheets

Another way to import data from multiple Google Sheets is to export each sheet first, and then import them all to a necessary file:

  1. Open the spreadsheet that contains the sheet you'd like to pull the data from.
  2. Make the sheet of interest active by selecting it.
  3. Go to File > Download > Comma-separated values (.csv, current sheet):

    Download the sheet as .csv

    The file will be downloaded to your computer.

  4. Then open another spreadsheet – the one you'd like to add the sheet to.
  5. This time, pick File > Import from the menu and go to the Upload tab in the Import file window:

    Upload the sheet you downloaded earlier.

    Hit Select a file from your device and find the sheet you've downloaded just now.

  6. Once the file is uploaded, you'll see a window with additional options for importing the sheet. To add the contents of that another sheet after your existing table, pick Append to current sheet:

    Adjust the options to import sheet.

    Tip. Among other settings, feel free to specify the separator and convert text to numbers, dates, and formulas.
  7. As a result, you'll get two sheets merged – one table under another:

    The second table has been appended to the first one.

    But since it is a .csv file you need to import, the second table remains formatted in a standard way. You will have to spend some time formatting it as you need.

Google Sheets functions to combine data from multiple spreadsheets

Of course, it wouldn't be Google if it didn't have functions to merge data in Google Sheets.

IMPORTRANGE to import data from multiple Google sheets

As the name of the function suggests, IMPORTRANGE imports data from multiple Google spreadsheets into one sheet.

Tip. The function helps Google Sheets pull data from another document as well as from other tabs from the same file.

Here's what the function requires:

=IMPORTRANGE(spreadsheet_url, range_string)
  • spreadsheet_url is nothing else than the link to the spreadsheet from where you need to pull the data. It must always be put between double-quotes.
  • range_string stands for those cells specifically that you need to bring to your current sheet.

And here's the pattern I follow to import data from multiple Google Sheets using IMPORTRANGE:

  1. Open the spreadsheet from which you want to pull the data.
    Note. Make sure you have at least viewing access to that file.
  2. Click the browser URL bar and copy the link to this file right till the hash sign (#):

    Copy the link to the spreadsheet of interest.

    Note. You'll need this URL even if you're going to combine sheets from the same file.
    Tip. Though Google says the function requires the whole URL, you can easily get by with a key – a part of the URL between /d/ and /edit:

    ...google.com/spreadsheets/d/1pNqFucLhKIf3PYEp5JhBsYb7jDdf6h1Tca9ar4Hynks/edit

  3. Return to the spreadsheet where you want to add the info to, enter the IMPORTRANGE to where the borrowed table should appear, and insert the link as the first argument. Then separate it from the next part with a comma:

    Paste the URL into the formula.

    Note. Remember, the link should be surrounded by double quotes.
  4. For the second part of the formula, type in the name of the sheet and the exact range that you want to pull. Confirm by pressing Enter.
    Note. Wrap the second argument in double quotes as well:

    =IMPORTRANGE("https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1pNqFucLhKIf5PYEp2JhBsYb5jDdf6h1Tca9ar4Hynks/edit","May!A2:D5")

  5. Though the formula looks ready now, it will return the #REF error from the start. That's because the first time you try to pull data from some spreadsheet, IMPORTRANGE will ask for access to it. Once the permission is granted, you will easily import records from other sheets of that file.

    Click the cell with the error and press that blue Allow access prompt:

    Connect the sheets to combine them.

    Note. By allowing access, you let the Sheets know you don't mind any existing or potential collaborators on this spreadsheet accessing data from another file.
  6. Once the formula connects to that other sheet, it will import data from there:
    Note. IMPORTRANGE doesn't pull the formatting of the cells, only values. You will need to apply formatting manually afterwards.

    Import data from multiple Google Sheets with IMPORTRANGE.

    Tip. If the tables are rather big, just allow some time for the formula to pull all records.
    Note. The records returned by the function will be updated automatically if you change them in the original file.
    Tip. Feel free to check out a few more functions to pull data from the Web.

Google Sheets QUERY to import ranges from multiple sheets

And thus, without haste, we've come to the QUERY function once again. :) It is so versatile that can be used in Google spreadsheets to combine data from multiple sheets as well.

So, I want to merge three different Google sheets: Winter 2019, Spring 2019, and Summer 2019. They contain the names of all employees who became best in their jobs in different months.

I go to the first sheet – Winter 2019 – and add my QUERY right under the existing table:

=QUERY({'Spring 2019'!A2:D7;'Summer 2019'!A2:D7},"select * where Col1 <>''")

Let's see what it all means:

  • {'Spring 2019'!A2:D7;'Summer 2019'!A2:D7} – are all the sheets and ranges I need to import.
    Note. The sheets should be written in between the curly brackets. If their names contain spaces, use single quotes to list the names.
    Tip. Separate the ranges with a semicolon to pull data from different tabs one under another. Use commas instead to have them imported side by side.
    Tip. Feel free to use such infinite ranges as A2:D.
  • select * where Col1 <>'' – I tell the formula to import all records (select *) only if cells in the first column of the tables (where Col1) are not blank (<>''). I use a pair of single quotes to indicate the non-blanks.
    Note. I use <>'' because my column contains text. If your column contains other data type (e.g. date or time, etc.), you need to use is not null instead: "select * where Col1 is not null"

As a result, two tables from other sheets have been consolidated into one sheet one under another:

Google Sheets QUERY – import ranges from multiple sheets.

Tip. If you'd like to use Google Sheets QUERY to import ranges from multiple spreadsheets, you will have to implement IMPORTRANGE. Here's a formula to pull your data from other documents:

=QUERY({IMPORTRANGE("1pNqFucLhKIf5PYEp2JhBsYb5jDdf6h1Tca9ar4Hynks","Mar-Apr-May!A2:D6");IMPORTRANGE("1ie8-uTlIAzahJZHSlhMGLSW_xA6ZBqNmt1I0ADo4N4M","Jun-Jul-Aug!A2:D4")},"select * where Col1<>''")

Tip. I use the keys from URLs rather than entire links in this long-enough formula. If you're not sure what that is, please read here.

2 quickest ways to merge multiple Google sheets

If standard ways of Google spreadsheets to combine data from multiple sheets seem dull, and the functions scare you off, there's an easier approach.

Combine Sheets add-on

This first special add-on – Combine Sheets – was designed with a single purpose: import data from multiple Google sheets. It's clever enough to recognize the same columns in different sheets and bring data together accordingly if you need.

Combine Sheets working scheme.

All you are to do is:

  1. Select sheets or entire spreadsheets to merge and specify the ranges if necessary. The possibility to do a quick search in Drive makes this even faster.
  2. Choose how to pull the data:
    • as a formula. Mark the checkbox called Use a formula to combine sheets if you want to have a master sheet that will dynamically change based on your original contents.

      Although you won't be able to edit the resulting table, its formula will be always linked to the source sheets: edit a cell or add/remove entire rows there, and the master sheet will be altered accordingly.

    • as values. If editing the resulting table manually is more important, ignore the above option and all data will be combined as values.

    Extra options are here for fine-tuning:

    • join records from the same columns into one column
    • keep the formatting
    • add a blank line between different ranges to notice them right away
  3. Decide where to place the merged table: new spreadsheet, new sheet, or in a location of your choice.

Here's a quick demonstration of how I combined my three small tables with the add-on:

Import data from multiple Google sheets into one with Combine Sheets.

Of course, your tables can be much bigger and you can merge lots of different sheets as long as the resulting spreadsheet doesn't exceed the 5M limit for cells.

Feel free to check out the help page for Combine Sheets.

Consolidate Sheets add-on

Consolidate Sheets is a relatively new addition to our add-ons. Its main difference from the aforementioned tool is the ability to add up data in columns in Google Sheets (or rows, or single cells, for that matter).

Consolidate Sheets also recognizes common headers in all the Google sheets to join, even if they are in the leftmost column and/or the first row. There's always an option to merge Google sheets and calculate cells based on their place in the tables.

Let me break it down into steps for you as well:

  1. Select sheets to consolidate. Import more files from Drive if necessary straight from the add-on.
  2. Pick the function to consolidate in Google Sheets.
  3. Choose the way to add up cells in Google Sheets: by labels (header labels, left column labels, or both) or position.
  4. Decide where to place the consolidated data: new spreadsheet, new sheet, or any specific location within the opened file.

Here's how the process looks:

Google Sheets: pull data from another document and calcualte at the same time.

Tip. Feel free to visit the instructional page for Consolidate Sheets or watch this short tutorial about it:

I truly encourage you try the add-on on your data. You'll see for yourself how much extra time you'll have after incorporating this tool to your daily work.

On this note, I'm going to finish this article. Hope these ways of pulling data from multiple different sheets into one will be of use. As always, looking forward to your comments!

87 responses to "How to merge several Google sheets into one without copy-pasting"

  1. Jerry says:

    Hi,
    this seems pretty useful, but I'm looking for something slightly different. Perhaps you can provide info on how to do this?

    I want to have several spreadsheets, all accessible to ONE person to edit them. Then, I want one spreadsheet which combines all the data from the other spreadsheets. The trick is, that the amount of rows per spreadsheet can vary. So the ranges would be dynamic.

    Is it possible to do this, while getting a read-only table which contains ALL info, without white spaces?

    So if spreadsheet 1 gets more rows, they go in seamlessly into the read only, with the info from spreadsheet 2 going down a few lines?

    • Hi Jerry,

      I'm afraid there's no single option to get all of these at once.

      Q: I want to have several spreadsheets, all accessible to ONE person to edit them.
      A: You can share those spreadsheets and set the permissions - decide who can view, comment, or edit each file.
      What's more, you can protect separate sheets and ranges and make them read-only for certain collaborators.

      Q: Then, I want one spreadsheet which combines all the data from the other spreadsheets. The trick is, that the amount of rows per spreadsheet can vary. So the ranges would be dynamic.
      A: The IMPORTRANGE function will help you pull all current and future data from one file to another.
      Our tool also brings everything together but it doesn't work automatically. You'll need to run it each time you need to have combined data.

      If this is not exactly what you need, please try to describe the task in more detail.

  2. Alfredo says:

    This doesn't work
    Tip: Separate the ranges with a semicolon to pull data from different tabs one under another. Use commas instead to have them imported side by side.

    How should be the syntax to put a range on the side of the other? Replacing ";" for "," does not work.
    Could you give an example?

  3. Alfredo says:

    This works perfectly with a total of about 1700 records retrieved from the 4 data sources.
    But if I include a data source with a range of 12,000 rows, it returns # N / A
    Error
    The query has been completed with an empty result.

    I do not think such a large number of rows, especially because it is only 8 columns wide.
    Data sources are imports of other spreadsheets made using IMPORTRANGE (), since only the relevant columns are imported. Could that be why it is difficult to work with that many records?

    =QUERY({'Destinatarios Importados 1'!A2:H;'Destinatarios Importados 2'!A2:H;'Destinatarios Importados 3'!A2:H;'Destinatarios Importados 4'!A2:H};"select * where Col1 ''")

    • Alfredo,

      yes, IMPORTRANGE can take some time returning data, especially when you refer to 4 different ranges in one formula at the same time. If ranges don't load up, try to change the condition to the one below:
      "select * where (Col1 is not null)"

      If you're still unable to make it work, please consider sharing your file (with support@4-bits.com) along with your source data and the formula that doesn't work.
      Note. That email is for file sharing only. Please do not email there. Once you share the file, just reply to this comment.

      I'll look into it and do my best to help.

  4. Michelle says:

    Hi Natalia,
    Your instructions have been very helpful - so thank you in advance for being clear about how to do things. However, I'm stuck :) I'm pulling 3 unique workbooks into 1 master worksheet using the Query Importrange. Everything is working as it should but I have 4 questions:
    1. In the original file, if a cell is a merge (for example A1:A5) and each row has unique content, it doesn't pull this through to the new spreadsheet. All I get is the content in A1. The content in A2:A5 doesn't show up. Is there a work around?
    2. I need to add rows to each workbook but each time I do this, it throws off the new spreadsheet. I added 'dummy' rows to the original files and this works, but if the owner needs to add a new row, it's going to mess everything up. Is there a workaround to be able to add more rows without messing up the new spreadsheet?
    3. Formatting is a nightmare. I've done a lot of investigating and it seems there is no easy way around it. Can you please confirm or let me know if there's a trick to keep the original formatting? Also, when I add a row (as in question 2) and I can make it work, it pushes all of the content down but the formatting stays in place, so I have to reformat the whole thing again. Any work arounds?
    4. If a cell in the original file is blank, it doesn't show up in the new file. I added a space and then it shows up. I read your example above but I'm not following it. Can you please clarify? (select * where Col1 '' - I tell the formula to import all records (select *) only if cells in the first column of the tables (where Col1) are not blank (''). I use a pair of single quotes to indicate the non-blanks.)
    Thanks!

    • Hi Michelle,

      Thank you so much for your questions!

      1. I'm really sorry but I'm unable to reproduce this. QUERY IMPORTRANGE returns all merged cell with everything that lies in them. In case I misunderstood you, please provide a clear example of how your merged cell looks like before and after importing.
      2. If you need to add rows at the end of each table, try limiting the ranges in the formulas so that they do not include new rows.
        The other way would be to convert all formulas to values using a special tool. But in this case, any new info added to source sheets won't be added to your new spreadsheet.
      3. Unfortunately, there's no standard way to do that, I had to pre-format cells before pulling data with IMPORTRANGE. We provided this possibility in our Combine Sheets add-on though.
      4. In my example, I return non-blank cells only. In the formula, it's written like this <>''. <> is the operator for "not equal", and two single quotes '' mean "empty". Combine them together and you get not equal to empty, or equal to not blank. If you need all cells including blanks, just omit this. select * (meaning "select all") should be enough for you.

      You can look at the clauses used in QUERY closer in this recent blog post.

      Please let me know if some of the answers are still not clear. :)

  5. Nicole says:

    QUERY and IMPORTRANGE did what I was trying to do, except the data from the two sheets stays separate if I try to sort it. So if I want to sort "sheet1" and "sheet2" by "date", the data displays as dates for sheet1 in order and then dates for sheet2 in order. Is there a way to make them intermingle?

  6. Melanie says:

    How can I make sure that the notes or comments are also included if I'm using a =IMPORTANTRANGE formula?

  7. Karen says:

    Hi Natalia,
    I'm trying to use Importrange for the first time. I get the error "You don't have permissions to access that sheet." I have just created both sheets and own both of them. They are both shared with 1 person (as a result of having been created inside a folder I own and have shared with her). What am I missing? Thank you!
    =importrange("https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1QWnXBCOF9YKq5GoroET9kCCTy9_wnhKysY5c6R5AJ6g","List!A2:G")

  8. Kim says:

    Hi Natalia,
    Thanks for sharing this good tips.
    However, i would like to know if this is possible:
    I have one Workbook contains all the my clients' info. However there will be 5 different people in charge of the different clients according to the region. So this workbook has 6 different tabs: Master Sheet; P1; P2: P3; P4 ; P5.
    My question is:
    How can I auto-populate the data in Master Sheet tab from each sub tabs (tabs P1 - tabs P5)?
    I know how to work on the other way round (Master sheet into sub tabs).
    Can you help me with this please?
    Thank you! =)

    • Hi Kim,

      Sorry, I'm a bit confused by your question actually :) The ways of transferring data between sheets are the same, you just need to pick one based on your exact goal.
      Are you trying to paste all tables one under another? If so, I'm afraid you'll have to do that manually (even with the add-on you'll have to run it each time) since the ranges on single tabs may expand and overlap anything below when combined. If that's not what you mean, please try to be more specific, I'll do my best to suggest the solution.

      • Kim says:

        Hi Natalia,
        Sorry for the confusing you.
        I was trying to create a CRM via the google sheet.
        We have 5 people responsible for different region clients. I will name them P1 - P5.
        And in the google worksheet, we will have 1 Master Sheet tab (which has ALL clients information) and another 5 tabs for each person respectively.

        The question is:
        How do I auto-poupulate the data on the Master Sheet tab while I input in the individual tab?

  9. Pegeen Dunne says:

    Hi Natalia,
    I am a novice with google sheets, I have 8 separate. How do I sheets that I want to put into one file with 8 tabs, not sure how to do this without changing the look of each page.

  10. Abi says:

    Hi, is it possible to import every Nth Cell from another Sheet. I am trying to import every 6th cell from Column C. I’ve tried doing this but I keep ending up with the imported data appearing every 6 rows. I then tried to sort the range this compiled the data but also alphabetised it which I don’t want. Thanks!

  11. Guillaume says:

    Hello Natalia,
    Thank you for sharing this. I've been using importrange for a while and it's been working great for us.
    I'm hoping i can step things up a notch.

    Q: Can we have a list of spreadsheet IDs (or URL) that a Script uses to add to a QUERY of several IMPORTRANGE as oppose to having to manually edit to formula to add each added spreadsheet?

    Thank you!

  12. Jade says:

    Hi Natalia,

    I need to combine responses from multiple google forms into one google spreadsheet, on one tab. Will this work considering that the google forms are continuously being filled out?

    Thanks,
    Jade

  13. Sarah says:

    Hi Natasha,
    I used the =IMPORTRANGE and it worked but I had a few of the tabs in the original google sheet highlighted. When I imported the data, it was no longer highlighted. Do you know how I can do that?

    Best,
    Sarah

  14. Jarrod says:

    Hi Natalia,
    Thank you for sharing this information. I have a question in regards to a google sheet project Im currently working on that I was hoping you may be able to help with.

    My question is how can I combine multiple sheets into one 'master sheet' without having duplicated names, age etc? So that any changes (adding and subtracting names and information) in the tabs automatically updates the master slide. What would you advise to be best way to go about this?

    Im have multiple tabs referencing years (2021, 2022, 2023 and so on) and some of the information, in particular names, appear on more than one occasion across the tabs. I tried a Query formula but that resulted in having multiple duplicates in my master sheet that I wasn't able to remove without effecting the specific yearly tab.

  15. Joe says:

    Hi Natalia,
    I am looking to combine multiple sheets into one using your Query method. I am running into issues with the ,"select * where Col1''". Before I enter this portion of the formula, I have content in my sheet, but it is very spaced out with many rows in between. It was my hope that the addition of "select * where Col1''", would remove any blank cells, but when I add it, all information from the sheet disappears with the exception of the header column.

    Ultimately, I would like to take 9 separate sheets and combine them into one. The 9 sheets are actively collecting responses from Google Forms, and I would like the Master sheet to populate with new responses in a row automatically. Any input?

    I see the add ons have to be run every time the sheets are updated, other wise I would use them.
    THANK YOU!

    • Hi Joe,

      For me to understand how your data is arranged exactly and to help you, please consider sharing a small sample spreadsheet with us (support@apps4gs.com) with 2 sheets: an example of your data and the result you expect to get. I kindly ask you to shorten the tables to 10-20 rows.
      Note. We keep that Google account for file sharing only and don't monitor its Inbox. Please do not email there. Once you share the file, just confirm by replying here.

      As for your 9 sheets with responses from forms, I believe the way with QUERY+IMPORTRANGE will work. You can indicate a bigger range than the actual one for IMPORTRANGE – this way all future responses will be collected as well; and ask QUERY to pull only rows with data – this way no empty lines will be collected.

      • Joe Drover says:

        Hi Natalia,
        I have shared three sheets with you, two that data are being pulled from and then the "master sheet".
        Thank you!

        • Hi Joe,

          Thank you for the files! The formula from my example doesn't work for you because you have timestamps in Col1. Since '' is a string for QUERY, it can be compared with textual strings only.
          For your case, you can either change Col1 to any other column with text (assuming the cells there are always filled in in order not to lose any row) or use the following ending instead: "select * where Col1 is not null"

          I'm going to update the article accordingly as well, thank you :)

    • Hi Joe,

      I just wanted to let you know that we've updated our Combine Sheets add-on and you may want to check it out for your task. You can now combine data with a formula that will update the resulting table as the source data changes. Feel free to visit the help page for more details.

  16. Ahmad Kamal says:

    Hi
    I have multiple sheets in one google sheet
    Response will save according to radio button selected in Google form in respective sheet.
    how can I do this?

  17. Matthew says:

    Absolutely love this post. Thanks for sharing. This helped me set up a sheet that will help my team work more seamlessly on our clients

  18. Jared says:

    Hello,
    I can't seem to figure this one out.
    =SUMPRODUCT(IMPORTRANGE("15PUcrFFxb6OI40m6KI0iJczjSF-1-v3VSEWvftZa1uQ","PO #001!E18:E35"),IMPORTRANGE("15PUcrFFxb6OI40m6KI0iJczjSF-1-v3VSEWvftZa1uQ","PO #001!A18:A35")=A7)
    How can I grab PO # 003, PO #004, PO #005 etc. from this same workbook so that it adds the totals from all the sheets into one cell on my budget sheet?

    • Hello Jared,
      There's no need to incorporate IMPORTRANGE to sum the numbers unless you need to combine all records on one sheet and then calculate there.

      For me to understand your task better, please share a small sample spreadsheet with us (support@apps4gs.com): please include an example of your source sheets (up to 3) and the result you expect to get. I kindly ask you to shorten the tables to 10-20 rows. You can replace any confidential info with some irrelevant data, just keep the format.

      Note. We keep that Google account for file sharing only and don't monitor its Inbox. Please do not email there. Once you share the file, just confirm by replying here.

      I'll look into your task and try my best to help.

  19. David says:

    Hi, Thank you for your article and for providing a space in which to ask questions.
    My situation is this, I have 2 spreadsheets:
    > Spreadsheet 1 (Budget) is a summary of yearly expenses for each month (from different categories (eg. rent, utilities, grocery spending, etc) that are the rows and columns are the months of the year.
    > Spreadsheet 2 (Varaible Expenses) has 12 tabs (January to December). In each tab there are columns for each spending category that can vary each month. So Groceries is a header in two merged cells, and under it are two columns, one for the store name, and one for amount spent. At the bottom (row 40) there is a total of the expense for the category. There are about 15 categories and totals. But between each total, there is a blank cell because the store names are in that column.
    My issue is that I want to import the totals from each category for each month into the Budget spreadsheet. For example, in the Budget spreadsheet, there is a row call Groceries, and there are 12 columns for each month. So 12 cells to fill. I want to Fill those 12 cells with the Groceries total on the January tab, the February tab, March tab etc.
    I appreciate any advice you can offer. Thanks again for providing this service.

  20. Alex M says:

    Hi there,

    thank you for the insightful article. I am currently trying to make my import range document work that it would import range based on two conditions. I managed to make it work under one condition (simply added "where Col35='x'" at the end of the query - full function below). Now I would like to add an additional condition, to only importrange where Col36 is either 'In Progress' OR 'Outstanding' OR 'Urgent'. I am trying to make a comprehensive to-do list when everyone could see only the tasks that are not finished yet (esentially the only option that would not import would be 'Complete') Is there some quick way to do this?

    =QUERY(IMPORTRANGE("https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/BLAH BLAH BLAH","Comprehensive publishing calendar!B:AK"),"where Col35='x'")

  21. Justin says:

    Thank you so much for this. I often pull rows of data from google form submissions in a sheet into other tabs within the sheet based on a specific answer in a certain column. In this case, I am looking to pull the rows of data with the word "Katski" in column AF. This formula works when I remove one of the sheets to pull from, but not when I have both listed. For example, this formula works:

    =QUERY(Haynes!A2:AF, "Select * Where AF = 'Katski'")

    When I add the second sheet to attempt to pull from, as seen in the formula below, it says no column AF which does in fact exist in both sheets.

    =QUERY({Haynes!A2:AF,Jitiam!A2:AF}, "Select * Where AF = 'Katski'")

    Changing the comma between the two names of the sheets to a semicolon does not do anything either. Any ideas? Thanks!

  22. Ruchi Patwari says:

    Hey,
    I want to import data from multiple google sheets (say Col A to col F) in 1 sheet, and then adding Comment in Col G in the merged sheet
    Able to do it as well with the help of query + Import range function.
    Now, when any data is added/deleted in the source sheet, the "Comment" in Col G is not fixed.
    How to add data below and not in between, so that the comments are freezed?

    Thanks!

    • Hey Ruchi,

      Thank you for your question.
      I'm sorry but it's not entirely clear what you mean by 'Comment'. Is it a value in a cell or a comment that you add with a right-click (or Ctrl+Alt+M)? Also, please describe in detail how you want to 'freeze' the comment. I'll try my best to suggest to you.

  23. NC says:

    Natalia! this has been so helpful. Thank you very much.
    However xD
    I tried to combine two tabs from different Spreadsheet. Getting an Error (ARRAY_LITERAL, an Array Literal was missing values for one or more rows)
    I wonder if its because a large amount of data? Since both of them has up to Column BU, 6100 & 700 rows respectively. My first file has couple of blank rows (4-5) within the data.

    Any insight? and thank you once again =)

    • Hello NC,

      First, please make sure all IMPORTRANGE functions you use have permissions to pull data. I’d advise you to enter each IMPORTRANGE on a separate sheet and grant access to each of them.
      If this doesn't help, try to create a formula like this:
      ={IMPORTRANGE();IMPORTRANGE()}

      If it doesn't work as well, then I'm afraid there's a problem on Google side preventing loading data quickly and correctly. You can also try clearing cache in your browser.

  24. Ahtziri says:

    Hi Natalia,
    Thank you for providing such helpful information.
    My question is similar to question 12: I have 3 Google Forms that I want to merge into one document with separate 3 tabs. These are active forms that I want to still capture incoming information. Is this possible?

    Thanks in advance!

  25. Darrin says:

    I am using Query to pull info from multiple tabs, how can I also pull in the color of the cell in the imported information.

  26. kitesha says:

    Thank you for this forum. I have successfully combined multiple sheets into one document using your help! I have 2 data sheets that people add names to a list and I have combined both sheets into a Master doc. I have a need to add on an additional columns to track notes in the Master data. My problem is when new names are added onto the two other data sheets, the feed to the Master data tab is not in order and the notes are shifting in the column I created only on the Master tab, messing up the notes and making it not applicable to row once new data is added. Do you have a solution or work around please? Thank you so much!

    • Hello Kitesha,

      I'm afraid I need more details to be able to help you out. Please consider sharing a small sample of your Master spreadsheet with us (support@apps4gs.com) with 2 sheets: a copy of your source data and the result you expect to get. I kindly ask you to shorten the tables to 10-20 rows. If you have confidential information there, you can replace it with some irrelevant data, just keep the format.
      Note. We keep that Google account for file sharing only, please do not email there. Once you share the file, just confirm by replying here.

      I'll look into your data and do my best to help you.

  27. Md. Jakir Hossain says:

    Hi,

    I have two sheets named sheet1 & sheet2.
    I want to apply formula/function in sheet1 so that it can pull data from sheet2.

    Waiting for your tips.

    Thanks.

  28. Colin says:

    i create a new tab each day taht is a duplicate template of the previous. the difference being the volumes used in each tab. each tab is the day. i would like to combine the data from each date on one spreadsheet so I can see the totals for the month for each column that interests me. i have an idea of how to do it but i dont know how to execute my idea. any help would be great thanks

    • Hello Colin,

      For us to be able to help you, please share a small sample spreadsheet with us (support@apps4gs.com) with 3 sheets: a couple of sheets with your source data and the result you expect to get. I kindly ask you to shorten the tables to 10-20 rows.
      Note. We keep that Google account for file sharing only, please do not email there. Once you share the file, just confirm by replying here.
      We'll look into it.

  29. Jordan says:

    Hello,
    Is there a way to write the query formula to bring in the data regardless of of it is text, date, number, etc.? I have some columns that contain a mix of both numeric and text data and it appears that only the numbers are being brought in. This question is in reference to the query section above:

    select * where Col1 '' – I tell the formula to import all records (select *) only if cells in the first column of the tables (where Col1) are not blank (''). I use a pair of single quotes to indicate the non-blanks.
    Note. I use '' because my column contains text. If your column contains other data type (e.g. date or time, etc.), you need to use is not null instead: "select * where Col1 is not null"

    • Hello Jordan,

      Unfortunately, QUERY has a limit regarding mixed data in a column. Each column can only hold one data type. If there are mixed data in a column, the function processes the majority data type returning the rest as empty cells.
      Thus, if numbers are your majority type in the column, I'm afraid there's no way to make QUERY pull the rest data from the same column as well.

  30. mauro says:

    Hi, i used your formula
    =QUERY({'Spring 2019'!A2:D7;'Summer 2019'!A2:D7},"select * where Col1 ''")
    HERE:
    https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1ZV41vwS0yBYhyG9BePjszjzKQqHfTiB9C6MqHIXzkNk/edit?usp=sharing
    in sheet 3 BUT: it doesnt work!???
    Thanks for help me !!!

    • Hi Mauro,

      The thing is, you work with Italy locale in the spreadsheet: it requires a semicolon as a delimiter. In my formula, there's a comma before "select" since I work with a different locale. Just replace that comma with the semicolon symbol, and the formula will work on your side:
      =QUERY({'Spring 2019'!A2:D7;'Summer 2019'!A2:D7};"select * where Col1''")

  31. Oleg says:

    Hi Natalia,

    I am using four survey forms that export its results to four different google sheets. The surveys constantly get filled out and google sheets get new data on a daily basis.

    I would like all of the results to be combined into one master sheet but is it even possible for the file to be autopopulated whenever one of the sheets with results gets a new entry?

    • Nick says:

      HI Oleg,

      I guess you'll get what you described if you use the Combine Sheets add-on and use the "Use formula" option on the last step of the add-on. That option was designed exactly for that case.

  32. Swapnil Dewalwar says:

    Hi Natalia

    I have few questions

    1) I was using a combination of Array sum, Query and Import-range to merge data from 4 different sheets into a master sheet.

    However the contact numbers in a column separated by commas were not displayed in the results. Only those without commas were displayed. Is there a way around this?

    2) Also I then tried a combination of Array sum, Filter function and Import range using "" as the condition. It works but sometimes the latest fields are not displayed. I need to refresh the page and then it's displayed. Do you know the reason behind this? I delete old data and add new data as well.

    Is there a better alternative? The formula has become enormous.

    3) As the amount of data is increasing in each of the 4 sheets the lag is also increasing. I used a few measures like deleting the excess blank cells and shifting the master sheet to different sheet and linking both. I am also going to upgrade my machine from i3 4gb ram hhd to i5 8gb ram ssd. Will this make any difference or does it solely depend on the internet speed? Does complex formulae make a difference?

    Regards

    • Hi Swapnil,

      1) If there are several numbers separated by a comma within a cell, Google will treat such data as text. As a result, you will have a column with mixed data: numbers and text. In cases like this, QUERY pulls only the majority data type into the result – numbers in your case.

      2) IMPORTRANGE needs time to upload all data. Especially if you filter everything at the same time.
      As an alternative, I suggest you try our Combine Sheets add-on. We've just introduced our own formula there so your result could update automatically upon changes in source sheets. Please visit the help page for more details.

      3) The more complex your formula gets and the more data it processes, the more time it is required to get the result. Of course, a strong and stable Internet connection is vital here. But the power of your machine is as important.

  33. Dr Ameya Patwardhan says:

    Excellent. Thank you so much..
    The Combo of Query and Importrange solved the purpose.

  34. Gareth says:

    Hi Natalia,

    We have a new daily google sheet that gets created. We are trying to take the rows from that new sheet and consolidate them into a master spreadsheet. How can we automatically, recognise we have a new sheet that has been created and then import that data into the master sheet?

    Thanks so much in advance

  35. Lovely says:

    Hello. Thank u for this wonderful info. My question is that, I use comma as separator so I can see them side by side , however there is a gap between them (At least 8 columns) .

    How to fix this?

  36. John says:

    Hi thank you! this is useful,.

    Does Googlesheet have a capability like PowerQuery in Excel whereby you could schedule a refresh daily and append data from a source into a historical log?

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