How to create / update a table of contents in Microsoft Word

If you are a document writer, this article will be very useful for you. You will learn how to insert a table of contents into your document, modify and update it just in a few clicks. Also, I'll show you how to make your document look good using Word's built-in heading styles and the multilevel list option.

I am sure that everyone who reads this article right now had to deal with a really long document in Microsoft Word at least once in their lives. It could be an academic paper or a lengthy report. Depending on the project, it might be dozens or even hundreds of pages long! When you have such a big document with chapters and subchapters it turns out to be very hard to navigate in the document searching for necessary information. Luckily, Word allows you to create a table of contents, making it easy to refer to the relevant sections of your document, and therefore it is a must-do task for document writers.

You could create a table of contents manually, but it would be a real waste of time. Let Word do it automatically for you!

In this post I will show you how to create a table of contents in Word in an automatic way and also how to update it just in a few clicks. I'll use Word 2013, but you can use exactly the same method in Word 2010 or Word 2007.

Make your document look good

Heading Styles

The key to creating a quick and easy contents page is to use Word's built-in heading styles (Heading 1, Heading 2, etc.) for the titles (chapters) and subtitles (subchapters) of your document. Don't worry if you haven't used them yet, I will show you how it works with regular text.

  • Highlight the title or the text you want to be the title of your first main section
  • Go to the HOME tab in the Ribbon
  • Search for the Styles group
  • Choose Heading 1 from the group

Click Heading1 in the Styles group on the Home tab to apply the Heading 1 style

So now you have assigned the first main section of your document. Keep it up! Go on scrolling through the text and selecting the primary section titles. Apply the "Heading 1" style to these titles. They will appear in your table of contents as the main section titles.

Next, define the secondary sections within each primary chapter, and apply the "Heading 2" style to the subtitles of these sections.

Click Heading2 to define the subtitles

If you want to place emphasis on some paragraphs within the secondary sections, then you can select the titles for them and apply the "Heading 3" style to these titles. You can also take advantage of the "Heading 4-9" styles for creating additional heading levels.

Multilevel Listing

I want my table of contents to be more presentable, so I am going to add a numbering scheme to the titles and subtitles of my document.

  • Highlight the first main title.
  • Find the Paragraph group on the HOME tab in the Ribbon
  • Click the Multilevel List button in the group
  • Select the style from the List Library options

Click the Multilevel List to numerate the titles

Here comes the number of my first main title!

Add numbers to the titles in your contents

Go round for the other main titles, but now when the number appears next to the title, click the lightning box and choose "Continue numbering". It will make the numbers go up.

Click Continue numbering to make the numbers increase

As for the subtitles, highlight one, press the TAB button on your keyboard, and then choose the same Multilevel List option. It will design the subtitles of the secondary sections with the numbers like 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, etc. as in the screenshot below. You can also choose another option so that they look differently.

Press TAB and add numbering to the subtitles

Keep the ball rolling throughout the document for all of your sections. :-)

Why should I use the heading styles?

On the one hand, the heading styles greatly simplify my work and present my document in a structured fashion. On the other hand, when I insert a table of contents, Word automatically searches for those headings and displays a table of contents based on the text that I marked with each style. Later I can also use these headings to update my table of contents.

Creating a basic table of contents

Now I have my document well-prepared with the titles as Heading 1 and the subtitles as Heading 2. It's time to let Microsoft Word do its magic!

  • Place the cursor where you want the table of contents to appear in the document
  • Navigate to the REFERENCES tab in the Ribbon
  • Click the Table of Contents button in the Table of Contents group
  • Choose one of the "Automatic" table of content styles listed

 Click Table of Contents on the References tab to insert a TOC

Here you are! My table of contents looks like this:

The resulting table of contents in Word

A Table of Contents also creates links for each section, allowing you to navigate to different parts of your document. Just hold the Ctrl key on your keyboard and click to go to any section.

Hold the Ctrl key and ckick to follow links

Modify your table of contents

If you are not satisfied with the look of your table of contents, you can always change root and branch of it. To do so, you need to open the Table of Contents dialog box.

  • Click within the table of contents.
  • Go to REFERENCES -> Table of Contents.
  • Select the "Custom Table of Contents..." command from the button's drop-down menu.

The dialog box appears and displays the Table of Contents tab where you can customize the style and appearance of your table of contents.

Open the Table of Contents dialog box to customize the style

If you want to change the way the text in your table of contents looks (the font, font size, colour, etc.), you need to follow the steps below in the Table of Contents dialog box.

  • Make sure that you have chosen "From Template" in the Formats box
  • Click the Modify button at the bottom right to open the following window

The Modify Style dialog box displays:

Open the Modify Style dialog box to make changes to the formatting

  • Make changes to the formatting and click OK
  • Select another style to modify and repeat
  • When you have completed the editing, click OK to exit
  • Click OK to replace the table of contents

Update a table of contents

A Table of Contents is a field, not ordinary text. For this reason it doesn't update automatically.

Once you make any changes to your document structure, you have to update the table of contents yourself. To perform the update:

  • Click anywhere in the table of contents
  • Press F9 or the Update Table button in the content control (or on the REFERENCES tab)
  • Use the Update Table of Contents dialog box to choose what to update
  • Click OK

You can choose to update page numbers only, or the entire table. It is a good idea always to choose "Update entire table" in case you have made any other changes. Always update your table of contents before sending out or printing the document so that any changes are included.

Open the Update Table of Contents dialog box to choose what to update.

No matter how big your document is, you can see there's nothing complicated about creating a table of contents. The best way to learn how to create / update a table of contents is to experiment doing it! Take some time to go through the process and create your own table of contents.

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