*The tutorial explains how to use COUNTIFS and COUNTIF formulas with multiple criteria in Excel. You will find a number of examples for different data types - numbers, dates, text, wildcard characters, non-blank cells and more.*

Of all Excel functions, COUNTIFS and COUNTIF are probably most often mixed up because they look very much alike and both are purposed for counting cells based on the specified criteria.

The difference is that the COUNTIF function is intended for counting cells based on a single condition in one range, while COUNTIFS allows using several criteria and ranges. In practice, however, you can use Excel COUNTIF with multiple criteria as well. So, the aim of this tutorial is to help you figure out the most efficient formula for each particular task.

## Excel COUNTIFS function - syntax and usage

As I've already mentioned, the Excel COUNTIFS function is purposed for counting cells across multiple ranges based on one or several conditions. The COUNTIFS function is available in Excel 2013, Excel 2010, and Excel 2007, so you can use the below examples in any Excel version.

#### COUNTIFS syntax

The syntax of the COUNTIFS function is as follows:

`criteria_range1`

- defines the first range to which the first condition (`criteria1`

) shall be applied, required.`criteria1`

- sets the condition in the form of a*number*,*cell reference*,*text string*,*expression*or another*Excel function*, required. The criteria defines which cells shall be counted and can be expressed as 10, "<=32", A6, "sweets".`[criteria_range2, criteria2]...`

- these are additional ranges and their associated criteria, optional. You can specify up to 127 range/criteria pairs in your formulas.

In fact, you don't have to remember the syntax of the COUNTIF function by heart. As well as with any other formula, Microsoft Excel will display the function's arguments as soon as you start typing; the argument you are entering at the moment is highlighted in bold.

#### Excel COUNTIFS - things to remember!

1. You can use the COUNTIFS function in Excel to count cells in a single range by a **single condition** as well as in multiple ranges with **multiple conditions**.

2. Each additional range must have the **same number of rows and columns** as the first range (*criteria_range1* argument).

3. Both **contiguous** and **non-contiguous** ranges are allowed.

4. If the criteria is a reference to an **empty cell**, the COUNTIFS function treats it as a zero value (0).

5. You can use the **wildcard characters** in criteria - asterisk (*) and question mark (?). See this example for full details.

For the detailed description and syntax of the COUNTIF function, please see this tutorial - Excel COUNTIF function.

## How to use COUNTIFS and COUNTIF with multiple criteria in Excel

Below you will find a number of formula examples that demonstrate how to use the COUNTIFS and COUNTIF functions in Excel to handle multiple conditions and ranges.

### COUNTIFS and COUNTIF (with multiple criteria) for numbers

By and large, COUNTIFS formulas for numbers fall into 2 categories - counting numbers between the two values you specify, and based on several conditions.

#### Example 1. Counting numbers between X and Y

You can count how many numbers are between the numbers you specify in two ways - using a COUNTIFS function or a difference between two COUNTIF functions.

**COUNTIFS formula**: `=COUNTIFS(C2:C10,">5", C2:C10,"<10")`

This formula counts how many numbers between 5 and 10 (not including 5 and 10) are contained in cells C2 through C10.

If you want to count cells based on the same condition but including 5 and 10, add "=" to the criteria like this: `=COUNTIFS(B2:B10,">=5", B2:B10,"<=10")`

**COUNTIF formulas to count numbers between X and Y:**

`=COUNTIF(C2:C10,">5")-COUNTIF(C2:C10,">=10")`

- counts how many numbers greater than 5 and less than 10 are in the range C2:C10. The formula will produce the same result as you see in the screenshot above.`=COUNTIF(C2:C10, ">=5")-COUNTIF(C2:C10, ">10")`

- the formula counts how many numbers between 5 and 10 are in the range C2:C10,**including**5 and 10.

Summing up, you use a combination of two COUNTIF functions in the following way. In the 1^{st} function, you count how many numbers are greater than your lower bound value (5 in this example). In the 2^{nd} function, you count how many numbers are greater than the upper bound value (10 in our case). The difference between the first and second number is the result you are looking for.

#### Example 2. Counting numbers with multiple criteria

Suppose you have a list of products indicating how many items are sold, delivered and in stock. You can use the following formulas to count the numbers of products, at least one item of which has been sold and delivered, i.e. if the values in columns B and D are greater than 0:

`=COUNTIFS(B2:B11,">0", D2:D11,">0")`

Here is one more COUNTIFS formula example with multiple ranges:

`=COUNTIFS(B2:B11,"=0", C2:C11,"=0", D2:D11,"=0")`

The above formula counts the number of products with zeroes in columns B, C and D. This COUNTIFS formula returns 1 because only Product 5 have "0" in all the three columns.

**Note.**You do need to use three separate ranges in the formula, one per column, if you want to count the products that contain "0" in all the columns. A simpler formula with a single range

`=COUNTIFS(B2:D11,"=0")`

would produce a different result because it returns the total count of cells containing a zero.#### Example 3. How to use cell references in COUNTIFS formulas

Of course, you can use a **cell reference** instead of a number in Excel COUNTIFS formulas. Just remember to enclose the operator in quotes ("") and add an ampersand (&) before the cell reference to construct a text string. For more information about the use of an ampersand in COUNTIF and COUNTIFS formulas, please see Excel COUNTIF - frequently asked questions.

So, let's make a COUNTIFS formula with a cell reference equivalent to the formula from the previous example:

`=COUNTIFS(B2:B11,"="&C2, C2:C11,"="&C2, D2:D11,"="&C2)`

Cell C2 used in the criteria contains a zero value, so the formula will produce exactly the same result you see in the screenshot above.

#### Example 4. COUNTIF formulas for non-contiguous ranges

Examples 2 and 3 above demonstrate how to use COUNTIFS in Excel to count cells based on several conditions. Such formulas can be applied both to contiguous or non-contiguous ranges. For example, we have used this formula `=COUNTIFS(B2:B11,">0", D2:D11,">0")`

to find out how many products have a value greater than "0" both in column B and column D.

But what if you want a total count of cells with a certain value in several non-adjacent ranges? For instance, how do you count the total number of zero values in columns B and D? The answer is to use a combination, more precisely, a sum of several COUNTIF functions:

`=COUNTIF(B2:B11,"=0") + COUNTIF(C2:C11,"=0")`

### COUNTIFS and COUNTIF (with multiple criteria) for dates

The COUNTIFS and COUNTIF formulas you use for dates are very much similar to the above formulas for numbers.

#### Example 1. Count dates in a specific date range

To count the dates that fall in a certain date range, you can also use either a COUNTIFS formula with two criteria or a combination of two COUNTIF functions.

For example, the following formulas count the number of dates in cells C2 through C10 that fall between 1-Jun-2014 and 7-Jun-2014, inclusive:

`=COUNTIFS(C2:C9, ">=6/1/2014", C2:C9, "<=6/7/2014")`

`=COUNTIF(C2:C9, ">=6/1/2014") - COUNTIF(C2:C9, ">6/7/2014")`

#### Example 2. Count dates with multiple conditions

In the same manner, you can use a COUNTIFS formula to count the number of dates in different columns that meet 2 or more conditions. For instance, the below formula will find out how many products were purchased after the 20^{th} of May and delivered after the 1^{st} of June:

`=COUNTIFS(C2:C9, ">5/1/2014", D2:D9, ">6/7/2014")`

#### Example 3. Count dates with multiple conditions based on the current date

You can use Excel's TODAY() function in combination with COUNTIF to count dates based on the current date.

For example, the following COUNTIF formula with two ranges and two criteria will tell you how many products have already been purchased but not delivered yet.

`=COUNTIFS(C2:C9, "<"&TODAY(), D2:D9, ">"&TODAY())`

This formula allows for many possible variations. For instance, you can tweak it to count how many products were purchased more than a week ago and are not delivered yet:

`=COUNTIFS(C2:C9, "<="&TODAY()-7, D2:D9, ">"&TODAY())`

### COUNTIFS formulas for text values

In the previous article, I provided an example of Excel COUNTIF formula with two criteria to count the number of cells with 2 different text values in a single range. Now let's see how you can use the COUNTIFS function with multiple criteria and across multiple ranges.

#### Example 1. COUNTIFS for text values

Suppose, you have a table listing the results of the credits and exams passed by students. What you want to know is how many students have passed all the credits. To do this, you use a usual COUNTIFS formula with several different ranges and the same criteria:

`=COUNTIFS(B2:B7,"=P",C2:C7,"=P",D2:D7,"=P",E2:E7,"=P")`

If you want to know how many credits a particular student has passed or not passed, you can utilize either a COUNTIFS or COUNTIF formula, because this time you need a single range only.

For example, the below formulas will tell you how many credits Bella has passed:

`=COUNTIFS(B3:E3,"=P")`

`=COUNTIF(B3:E3,"=P")`

#### Example 2. COUNTIFS with wildcard characters

As I mentioned at the beginning of this tutorial, you can use the following wildcard characters in Excel COUNTIFS formulas:

*Question mark*(?) - matches any single character, use it to count cells starting and/or ending with certain characters.*Asterisk*(*) - matches any sequence of characters, you use it to count cells containing a specified word or a character(s) as part of the cell's contents.

**Tip.**If you want to count cells with an actual question mark or asterisk, type a tilde (~) before the character in your COUNTIFS formula.

Now let's see how you can use a wildcard char in your real COUNTIFS formulas in Excel. Suppose, you a list of projects assigned to your company's employees. You want to find how many projects are already assigned to someone, i.e. any name is stated in column A. And because we are leaning how to use the COUNTIFS function with multiple criteria, let's add a second condition - the End Date in column D should also be set.

Here is the formula that works a treat: `=COUNTIFS(B2:B10,"*",D2:D10,"<>"&""))`

Please note, you cannot use a wildcard character criteria with the second range because you have dates rather that text values in column D. That is why, you use the criteria that finds **non-blank** cells - "<>"&""

**Important note**! Please remember, when you use an Excel COUNTIFS formula with multiple ranges, all of the ranges must all be the

**same size**, i.e. have the same number of rows and columns. Otherwise, your formula will return the #VALUE! error. This applies to all COUNTIFS formulas in Excel, with any data type - numbers, dates and text.

Can COUNTIFS can be used to find the number of matches within the same range?

I have a range of 500 postal codes in one column. These are formatted in two groups of three characters each (i.e. A9A 9A9). The first group of characters will change slightly to represent a different region - A9B, A9C, A9D, etc. I would like to get a count of each regional group.

I could do this over and over again (as I've already done) as follows:

=COUNTIF(M1:M500, "A9A*")

This proved to be very repetitive to copy, paste and modify this 25 times for each of the regional postal code categories I'm working with. Can COUNTIFS do this at one time?

Hello Michael,

Regrettably, COUNTIFS cannot help in your case because it counts cells that meet ALL of the criteria you specify in the formula. You can achieve the desired result in this way:

Create an additional column and copy the following formula there =LEFT(A2,3) where A is your postal codes column. This formula will extrat the first 3 characters of the codes.

Then you can proceed in 2 ways.

Way 1:

- Sort your table by the postal code column or the newly created column with the above formula.

- Apply subtotal to the table (Data >Outline >Subtotal) with these settings:

At each change in : Column with the formula

Use function: Count

Add subtotal to: Column with the formula

- Click Ok.

- Then Press Number 2 at the left side of you sheet and you will get the count of codes by region.

For more info about using subtotals please see this article - Using Subtotals in Microsoft Excel

Way 2:

- Insert a pivot table (select your table and go to Insert > Tables > PivotTable).

- Place your pivot table onto a new sheet.

- Drag and drop the column with the formula to the Rows section and the original column with the postal codes to the Values section.

You will get the same count of codes by region.

Thank you. I just spoke to a colleague who walked me though a pivot table of my data. Thanks again.

Hello,

I have a list of classes with the day and start & end times in one spreadsheet.

The format looks like this:

M 8:00 AM - 9:50 AM

T 12:30 PM - 2:20 PM

M 9:00 AM - 10:15 AM

F 7:00 AM - 1:00 PM

In another spreadsheet i have a table like this one below. I want to know how many classes occur on Mondays between 6:00 am and 6:29 am,6:30 am - 6:59 am,7:00 am - 7:29 am, etc.

M T W R F

6:00 AM

6:30 AM

7:00 AM

7:30 AM

8:00 AM

8:30 AM

9:00 AM

9:30 AM

10:00 AM

10:30 AM

11:00 AM

11:30 AM

12:00 PM

12:30 PM

1:00 PM

1:30 PM

2:00 PM

2:30 PM

3:00 PM

3:30 PM

4:00 PM

4:30 PM

5:00 PM

5:30 PM

6:00 PM

6:30 PM

7:00 PM

7:30 PM

8:00 PM

8:30 PM

9:00 PM

9:30 PM

10:00 PM

10:30 PM

11:00 PM

11:30 PM

12:00 AM

I appreciate your help tremendously!

Thank you!

oops, it's not pasting like i want it to. basically, each day is a column, each time is a row. sorry for the confusion.

Hi Emily,

Can you please send me your sample workbook at support@ablebits.com and an example of the result you want to get? I believe in this way it will be easier for us to suggest a formula that returns exactly the result you are looking for.

Hi Svetlana,

I just sent the sample workbook. Please let me know if you received it.

Thank you!!

Emily

Hi Emily,

Yes, our support team passed me the workbook this morning and I emailed you the result a few minutes ago. Hopefully, the formulas work as you expected

Trying to find a formula that will average only if EACH cell has a value greater than 0 in it; or if the last 3 consecutive months have a value greater than 0. Any help is greatly appreciated.

I believe, you can use a formula similar to this:

=IF(AND(E2>0,F2>0,G2>0),AVERAGE(A2:E2),"-") where E, F and G are the last 3 months' values. You can add more > operators to the nested AND function if you want to check more than 3 months.

Hi,

how can i automatically count or computed in Monday to Sunday data base count as week summary

Hi Rodz,

Sorry, I cannot follow you. Could you elaborate on the task a bit more, please?

Column G is "Barcodes". Column J is "Carriers". How can it get the Excel to display "Flexsteel Truck or FedEx or UPS" in column J:J whenever a BX number (for example..BX09225)is enter in G:G?

Thanks in advance,

Glenn

Hi Glenn,

If you want to use only formulas, then enter this one in cell J2:

=IF(And(G2<>"", len(G2)>2,left(G2,2)="BX"),"Flexsteel Truck or FedEx or UPS", "")

Then copy the formula across other cells in column J.

If you want to insert some values in column J, but have these values replaced with "Flexsteel Truck or FedEx or UPS", or something like that, as soon as the code appears in column G, you need a special VBA macro to fulfill this.

Help please.

3 columns. Column A is a number (Day), Column B & C are time.

Count rows where day number is less than 6 and times in either B or C are between 5:00 & 7:00

-----------

A B C

D T0001 T0002

1 6:14

1 6:57

1 6:58

1 20:50

1 23:05

2 17:47

2 17:59

3 6:01

3 17:46

5 18:20

6 7:06

6 11:50

6 13:29

6 13:53

6 14:57

6 17:36

7 10:26

7 10:32

Column B & C data not pasted very well. Just put every second time in column c.

Hello Kees,

I believe the following formula will work a treat:

=COUNTIFS(A2:A10,"<6",B2:B10,">="&TIME(5,0,0),B2:B10,"<="&TIME(7,0,0))+COUNTIFS(A2:A10,"<6",C2:C10,">="&TIME(5,0,0),C2:C10,"<="&TIME(7,0,0))

In your case, the result will be 4.

Hi Svetlana I sent you an email for your assistance could you be so kind to help me? thanks Jason

Hi Jason,

Have just emailed you the formula, hopefully this is the result you are looking for.

Sex Age

F 14

F 19

F 15

F 14

F 16

F 21

F 24

how can i count with these limitations? what formula/syntax will i use?

i need to count all F with age less than 15, F equal to 15 but not more than 19 and all the F equal 20 but not more than 24

I want to tabulate it in this format.

F less than 15

F equal 15 pero not more than 19

F equal 20 but not more than 24

thanks for helping me on this one

Hi Gio,

Try these formulas:

F is less than 15:

=COUNTIFS($A$2:$A$8,"F",$B$2:$B$8,"<15")

F equal 15 pero not more than 19:

=COUNTIFS($A$2:$A$8,"F",$B$2:$B$8,">=15",$B$2:$B$8,"<19")

F equal 20 but not more than 24:

=COUNTIFS($A$2:$A$8,"F",$B$2:$B$8,">=20",$B$2:$B$8,"<24")

I am trying to add a value for a Alpha value in a cell. The Cell can have an M=5, a C=3 or a Z=1 so in the same cell I want to show a value of the corresponding letter, with a default of "0" if they do not choose either letter.

Also I am adding another value in a subsequent cell for "C" a value of 1,2,3 will be used as as a negative of 1=-0.5, 2=-1 and 3=-1.5, same values only apply to a Z 4=-.5, 5=-1, and 6=-1.5.

Thanks for your help in advance...

Hi Brad,

Sorry, I'm not sure I can follow you. If you can send me your sample workbook at support@ablebits.com, I will try to help.

Hello Svetlana,

I noticed that in your tutorial that COUNTIF formulas are used outside the columns/cells that need to be totalled.

I have a work sheet with a number of columns, one of which is Sales/Purchases. The data in the work sheet is extensive and the columns are very long so I like to keep track of the number of Sales and Purchases for a month by using =COUNTIF(range,"SALE")and the same for Purchases. If I place the formulas in a cell at the top or bottom of this column everything works fine. However, should I place the formulas outside this column all I get is a date (such as January 1900). Am I doing something wrong or is the formula restricted to its specific column?

Thank you in advance for any help.

Cheers,

vcoolio.

Hello Vcoolio,

You can put your formulas in any cells. For the formulas to work correctly, try the following:

1 Apply the General format to the cell with the formula (press Ctrl + 1 and select General in the Format Cells dialog window).

2 If you used relative cell references in the range argument, the references got distorted when you copied the formula. Try using the absolute cell references instead (e.g. $B:$B for column B).

If the above suggestions do not work, please send me a sample workbook at support@ablebits.com and we will try to figure out the source of the problem.

Dear Svetlana,

Thanks for that. I've sorted it out. Someone had been clearing cells by pressing the space bar and obviously a space is still a character so this was distorting any new entries such as formulas. I've made a note of your resolutions above for future reference. Excellent stuff!

Your help is much appreciated (and is worth a vodka or two!!).

Cheers,

vcoolio.

Thanks Vcoolio, I prefer Baileys : )

Hi, I have a range of cells I want to count for a skills matrix for my staff. The ranges of what I want counted are drop down menus in each of the cells with "Sound", "Advanced", "Expert" etc, and these I wanted counted in the number of times that the cells have one of those words in them. The other cells contain "UnAware" and "Basic" which I dont want counted in the original total, but put in a total for all the types of details entered, this way I will get a % of staff with the desired level of training/competence in the processes they use every day.

I tried COUNTIFS but I kept getting a zero count even though I used the formula correctly (no error message). Could you please help me work this out?

Hi Brandon,

I am sorry it's difficult for me to say why this happens without seeing your data. Please send your sample workbook at support@ablebits.com and we'll try to help.

YES!! This is exactly what I am trying to do, too - and I am getting the same non-error of a zero result. What is the proper way to formulate this?

Hi Svetlana,

Could you be kind enough to help me out on this excel problem I am trying to refer to a particular cell for formatting but there is a conflict. I will appreciate your prompt response.

I have sent the file to your mail.

Thanks

Hi!

In your case, it probably makes sense to look up by 2 columns C and D using an array INDEX / MATCH formula. I've sent you an email with a formula example, hopefully that is the result you are trying to achieve.

Can I use countifs with more to count more than three ranges and criteria?

Hi Angela,

Of course, you can. You can actually use up to 127 dirrerent ranges / criteria in one COUNTIFS formula: )

Hi Svetlana,

How can I count two different texts in one column?

So my usual formula is: =COUNTIFS(C:C,"Passed",D:D,"Quebec")

And its giving my correct figures.

But if in the column C, i also want to count any other status that says Remediation Passed, how should I say that? No change in column D. I tried something like, COUNTIFS(C:C,"Passed" OR "Remediation Passed",D:D,"Quebec"), but that didn't work.

Grateful for your insights.

Cheers

Hi Svetlana,

I was trying to follow your tutorial and adapt it to my data, but it didn't seem to work. Would you mind helping me troubleshoot please?

I was trying to create a COUNTIF for instances when there's text in column A AND text in column C OR column D.

Thanks in advance!

Hiya

I have a workbook with mulitple sheets and an overview sheet.

The overview has validation list for different months whicg relates to each of the muliple sheets.

I need a count if where by the sheet name in the range will change depending on the month selected in the validation

i.e If 'May-14' in cell 'Overview!'C2 - Countif('May-14'!R:R,Criteria)

If then in overview cell2 it is changed to Jun-14 the Countif will change to Countif('Jun-14'!R:R,Criteria).

Please help?!

Hi

I have two columns named as Reportable (with Yes or No) and another column named Responsible_Officer.

I am trying to do a number count for each yes per each individual responsible officer.

Hi,

Help needed on the formula for getting the desired count as shown in the table.

Need to get count as 1 when either or both the parts are 100% completed.

Name Part Status Desired Count

A LHS 100.0% 1

A RHS 100.0%

B LHS 100.0% 1

B RHS

C LHS 1

C RHS 100.0%

D LHS 0

D RHS

Thanks a lot in advance.

I am trying to tally the number of calls by day-of-the-week each person has from a table that looks like this but for the entire year:

JANUARY Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr

James call

John call call

Mike call

Jane call call

FEBRUARY Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr

James call call

John call call

Mike call

Jane call call

MARCH Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr

James call

John call call

Mike call call

Jane call

I have a table at the top of the spreadsheet that shows the results and looks like this:

Sa call Su call Mo call etc

James ?? ?? ??

John ?? ?? ??

Mike ?? ?? ??

Jane ?? ?? ??

What formula do I use that references the names in the left column with the rows to give me the ?? tallies based on day of the week when they occur? Thanks.

How do I use countif to meet the same criteria but across multiple ranges in multiple worksheets?

Hi Svetlana,

this is my problem

A1 B1 C1

6:00 - 14:00 14:00 - 20:00 20:00 - 6:00

A2 = B2 = C2 =

A3 = B3 = C3 =

for example, i have a value in different excel sheet.

if i enter 8:00 am there, it will be automatically appear in A2.

B2 and C2 will be blank.

but if i put the value 15:00 pm, it will be automatically appear in B2. A2 and C2 will be blank.

Hope you can help me with this.. Thanks

OR

A1 is 6:00 AM

B1 is 14:00 PM

A2 is 15:00 PM

B2 =A2 (This should not appear in the range of A1-B1) it will leave blank

First Column 2nd column

List =LST what is the formula of getting a shortcut e.g i type

Cable List next column will automatic appear LST and so and so fort

Wire Thanks awaiting your prompt response.