Excel logical operators: equal to, not equal to, greater than, less than

Many tasks you perform in Excel involve comparing data in different cells. For this, Microsoft Excel provides six logical operators, which are also called comparison operators. This tutorial aims to help you understand the insight of Excel logical operators and write the most efficient formulas for your data analysis.

Excel logical operators - overview

A logical operator is used in Excel to compare two values. Logical operators are sometimes called Boolean operators because the result of the comparison in any given case can only be either TRUE or FALSE.

Six logical operators are available in Excel. The following table explains what each of them does and illustrates the theory with formula examples.

Condition Operator Formula Example Description
Equal to = =A1=B1 The formula returns TRUE if a value in cell A1 is equal to the values in cell B1; FALSE otherwise.
Not equal to <> =A1<>B1 The formula returns TRUE if a value in cell A1 is not equal to the value in cell B1; FALSE otherwise.
Greater than > =A1>B1 The formula returns TRUE if a value in cell A1 is greater than a value in cell B1; otherwise it returns FALSE.
Less than < =A1<B1 The formula returns TRUE if a value in cell A1 is less than in cell B1; FALSE otherwise.
Greater than or equal to >= =A1>=B1 The formula returns TRUE if a value in cell A1 is greater than or equal to the values in cell B1; FALSE otherwise.
Less than or equal to <= =A1<=B1 The formula returns TRUE if a value in cell A1 is less than or equal to the values in cell B1; FALSE otherwise.

The screenshot below demonstrates the results returned by Equal to, Not equal to, Greater than and Less than logical operators:
Using Equal to, Not equal to, Greater than and Less than in Excel

It may seem that the above table covers it all and there's nothing more to talk about. But in fact, each logical operator has its own specificities and knowing them can help you harness the real power of Excel formulas.

Using "Equal to" logical operator in Excel

The Equal to logical operator (=) can be used to compare all data types - numbers, dates, text values, Booleans, as well as the results returned by other Excel formulas. For example:

=A1=B1 Returns TRUE if the values in cells A1 and B1 are the same, FALSE otherwise.
=A1="oranges" Returns TRUE if cells A1 contain the word "oranges", FALSE otherwise.
=A1=TRUE Returns TRUE if cells A1 contain the Boolean value TRUE, otherwise it returns FALSE.
=A1=(B1/2) Returns TRUE if a number in cell A1 is equal to the quotient of the division of B1 by 2, FALSE otherwise.

Example 1. Using the "Equal to" operator with dates

You might be surprised to know that the Equal to logical operator cannot compare dates as easily as numbers. For example, if the cells A1 and A2 contain the date "12/1/2014", the formula =A1=A2 will return TRUE exactly as it should.

However, if you try either =A1=12/1/2014 or =A1="12/1/2014" you will get FALSE as the result. A bit unexpected, eh?

The point is that Excel stores dates as numbers beginning with 1-Jan-1900, which is stored as 1. The date 12/1/2014 is stored as 41974. In the above formulas, Microsoft Excel interprets "12/1/2014" as a usual text string, and since "12/1/2014" is not equal to 41974, it returns FALSE.

To get the correct result, you must always wrap a date in the DATEVALUE function, like this =A1=DATEVALUE("12/1/2014")
Using Excel's equal to operator with dates

Note. The DATEVALUE function needs to be used with other logical operator as well, as demonstrated in the examples that follow.

The same approach should be applied when you use Excel's equal to operator in the logical test of the IF function. You can find more info as well as a few formula examples in this tutorial: Using Excel IF function with dates.

Example 2. Using the "Equal to" operator with text values

Using Excel's Equal to operator with text values does not require any extra twists. The only thing you should keep in mind is that the Equal to logical operator in Excel is case-insensitive, meaning that case differences are ignored when comparing text values.

For example, if cell A1 contains the word "oranges" and cell B1 contains "Oranges", the formula =A1=B1 will return TRUE.

If you want to compare text values taking in to account their case differences, you should use the EXACT function instead of the Equal to operator. The syntax of the EXACT function is as simple as:

EXACT(text1, text2)

Where text 1 and text2 are the values you want to compare. If the values are exactly the same, including case, Excel returns TRUE; otherwise, it returns FALSE. You can also use the EXACT function in IF formulas when you need a case-sensitive comparison of text values, as shown in the below screenshot:
Using the EXACT function for case-sensitive comparison of text values

Note. If you want to compare the length of two text values, you can use the LEN function instead, for example =LEN(A2)=LEN(B2) or =LEN(A2)>=LEN(B2).

Example 3. Comparing Boolean values and numbers

There is a widespread opinion that in Microsoft Excel the Boolean value of TRUE always equates to 1 and FALSE to 0. However, this is only partially true, and the key word here is "always" or more precisely "not always" : )

When writing an 'equal to' logical expression that compares a Boolean value and a number, you need to specifically point out for Excel that a non-numeric Boolean value should be treated as a number. You can do this by adding the double minus sign in front of a Boolean value or a cell reference, e. g. =A2=--TRUE or =A2=--B2.

The 1st minus sign, which is technically called the unary operator, coerces TRUE/FALSE to -1/0, respectively, and the second unary negates the values turning them into +1 and 0. This will probably be easier to understand looking at the following screenshot:
Comparing Boolean values and numbers

Note. You should add the double unary operator before a Boolean when using other logical operators such as not equal to, greater than or less than to correctly compare a numeric and Boolean values.

When using logical operators in complex formulas, you might also need to add the double unary before each logical expression that returns TRUE or FALSE as the result. Here's an example of such a formula: SUMPRODUCT and SUMIFS in Excel.

Using "Not equal to" logical operator in Excel

You use Excel's Not equal to operator (<>) when you want to make sure that a cell's value is not equal to a specified value. The use of the Not equal to operator is very similar to the use of Equal to that we discussed a moment ago.

The results returned by the Not equal to operator are analogous to the results produced by the Excel NOT function that reverses the value of its argument. The following table provides a few formula examples.

Not equal to operator NOT function Description
=A1<>B1 =NOT(A1=B1) Returns TRUE if the values in cells A1 and B1 are not the same, FALSE otherwise.
=A1<>"oranges" =NOT(A1="oranges") Returns TRUE if cell A1 contains any value other than "oranges", FALSE if it contains "oranges" or "ORANGES" or "Oranges", etc.
=A1<>TRUE =NOT(A1=TRUE) Returns TRUE if cell A1 contains any value other than TRUE, FALSE otherwise.
=A1<>(B1/2) =NOT(A1=B1/2) Returns TRUE if a number in cell A1 is not equal to the quotient of the division of B1 by 2, FALSE otherwise.
=A1<>DATEVALUE("12/1/2014") =NOT(A1=DATEVALUE("12/1/2014")) Returns TRUE if A1 contains any value other than the date of 1-Dec-2014, regardless of the date format, FALSE otherwise.

Greater than, Less than, Greater than or equal to, Less than or equal to

You use these logical operators in Excel to check how one number compares to another. Microsoft Excel provides 4 comparison operates whose names are self-explanatory:

  • Greater than (>)
  • Greater than or equal to (>=)
  • Less than (<)
  • Less than or equal to (<=)

Most often, Excel comparison operators are used with numbers, date and time values. For example:

=A1>20 Returns TRUE if a number in cell A1 is greater than 20, FALSE otherwise.
=A1>=(B1/2) Returns TRUE if a number in cell A1 is greater than or equal to the quotient of the division of B1 by 2, FALSE otherwise.
=A1<DATEVALUE("12/1/2014") Returns TRUE if a date in cell A1 is less than 1-Dec-2014, FALSE otherwise.
=A1<=SUM(B1:D1) Returns TRUE if a number in cell A1 is less than or equal to the sum of values in cells B1:D1, FALSE otherwise.

Using Excel comparison operators with text values

In theory, you can also use the greater than, greater than or equal to operators as well as their less than counterparts with text values. For example, if cell A1 contains "apples" and B1 contains "bananas", guess what the formula =A1>B1 will return? Congratulations to those who've staked on FALSE : )

When comparing text values, Microsoft Excel ignores their case and compares the values symbol by symbol, "a" being considered the lowest text value and "z" - the highest text value.

So, when comparing the values of "apples" (A1) and "bananas" (B1), Excel starts with their first letters "a" and "b", respectively, and since "b" is greater than "a", the formula =A1>B1 returns FALSE.

If the first letters are the same, then the 2nd letters are compared, if they happen to be identical too, then Excel gets to the 3rd, 4th letters and so on. For example, if A1 contained "apples" and B1 contained "agave", the formula =A1>B1 would return TRUE because "p" is greater than "g".
Using Excel comparison operators with text values

At first sight, the use of comparison operators with text values seems to have very little practical sense, but you never know what you might need in the future, so probably this knowledge will prove helpful to someone.

Common uses of logical operators in Excel

In real work, Excel logical operators are rarely used on their own. Agree, the Boolean values TRUE and FALSE they return, though very true (excuse the pun), are not very meaningful. To get more sensible results, you can use logical operators as part of Excel functions or conditional formatting rules, as demonstrated in the below examples.

1. Using logical operators in arguments of Excel functions

When it comes to logical operators, Excel is very permissive and allows using them in parameters of many functions. One of the most common uses is found in Excel IF function where the comparison operators can help to construct a logical test, and the IF formula will return an appropriate result depending on whether the test evaluates to TRUE or FALSE. For example:

=IF(A1>=B1, "OK", "Not OK")

This simple IF formula returns OK if a value in cell A1 is greater than or equal to a value in cell B1, "Not OK" otherwise.

And here's another example:

=IF(A1<>B1, SUM(A1:C1), "")

The formula compares the values in cells A1 and B1, and if A1 is not equal to B1, the sum of values in cells A1:C1 is returned, an empty string otherwise.

Excel logical operators are also widely used in special IF functions such as SUMIF, COUNTIF, AVERAGEIF and their plural counterparts that return a result based on a certain condition or multiple conditions.

You can find a wealth of formula examples in the following tutorials:

2. Using Excel logical operators in mathematical calculations

Of course, Excel functions are very powerful, but you don't always have to use them to achieve the desired result. For example, the results returned by the following two formulas are identical:

IF function: =IF(B2>C2, B2*10, B2*5)

Formula with logical operators: =(B2>C2)*(B2*10)+(B2<=C2)*(B2*5)
Using Excel logical operators in mathematical calculations

I guess the IF formula is easier to interpret, right? It tells Excel to multiply a value in cell B2 by 10 if B2 is greater than C2, otherwise the value in B1 is multiplied by 5.

Now, let's analyze what the 2nd formula with the greater than and less than or equal to logical operators does. It helps to know that in mathematical calculations Excel does equate the Boolean value TRUE to 1, and FALSE to 0. Keeping this in mind, let's see what each of the logical expressions actually returns.

If a value in cell B2 is greater than a value in C2, then the expression B2>C2 is TRUE, and consequently equal to 1. On the other hand, B2<=C2 is FALSE and equal to 0. So, given that B2>C2, our formula undergoes the following transformation:

Formula with logical operators

Since any number multiplied by zero gives zero, we can cast away the second part of the formula after the plus sign. And because any number multiplied by 1 is that number, our complex formula turns into a simple =B2*10 that returns the product of multiplying B2 by 10, which is exactly what the above IF formula does : )

Obviously, if a value in cell B2 is less than in C2, then the expression B2>C2 evaluates to FALSE (0) and B2<=C2 to TRUE (1), meaning that the reverse of the described above will occur.

3. Logical operators in Excel conditional formatting

Another common use of logical operators is found in Excel Conditional Formatting that lets you quickly highlight the most important information in a spreadsheet.

For example, the following simple rules highlight selected cells or entire rows in your worksheet depending on a value in column A:

Less than (orange): =A1<5

Greater than (green): =A1>20
Using logical operator in Excel conditional formatting

For the detailed-step-by-step instructions and rule examples, please see the following articles:

As you see, the use of logical operators in Excel is intuitive and easy. In the next article, we are going to learn the nuts and bolts of Excel logical functions that allow performing more than one comparison in a formula. Please stay tuned and thank you for reading!

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1,029 Responses to "Excel logical operators: equal to, not equal to, greater than, less than"

  1. Ashley Slaughter says:

    Hello! I have read through many of the comments and have a question:

    I am working on a spreadsheet and if the number of years is equal to 0, I need it to be a value, if the number is between 1 and 5 I need a value, if it is 6 to 10 I need a value and if it is 10 to 15 I need a value. Can you help me figure this out?

    =0 = $10.50
    1 to 5 = $10.75
    6 to 10 = $11.15
    10 to 15 = $12.75

    Thanks so much

    • Pavan says:

      You have to use the AND function, so something like =IFS((A1=>1)AND(A1<=5)),10.75), etc.

      • Audra says:

        I have a similar issue but I need it to be if zero equals A5, if 1-5 equals B5, if 6-10 equals C5 and 10+ equals D5.

        Can I do the ranges of numbers/years and have the formula grab the answer from calculations in the other cells?

  2. nikola smith says:

    Hello, I need help to compare two cells like this. Want to compare cell B1 to A1 and soo on and I need to count every equal result, every A smaller then B and every B smaller then A.

    A B Miks S = 1 Result
    Miks M = 2 A = B = ?
    Miks M Miks L Miks L = 3 A B = ?
    Miks S Miks S
    Miks L Miks M

    • nikola smith says:

      A B
      Miks M - Miks L
      Miks L - Miks M
      Miks S - Miks S
      Miks S - Miks L

      Miks S = 1
      Miks M = 2
      Miks L = 3

      Need to count every equal, smaller and bigger.
      A = B = ?
      A B = ?

  3. Usman says:

    I am making a spread sheet for conditional formula with if function.
    if A10=250 and B10= opc (or Any text) then write specific number in third cell C10
    Example: A10 = 250 , B10 = OPC or (Any text) , C10 = 170

    Formula =if(A10=250 & B10=OPC,"170","0")

    Actually i have cement Weight 250 in Cell A10 and Cement Type in OPC in Cell B10 Now i want that if i write 250 in Cell A10 and OPc in Cell B10 Then Right Price exact 170 in Cell C10
    can you give me formula or any solution plz.

  4. Sheryl says:

    how can we write this in excel formula "All student whose mark is more than 200 and less than 250 label it as “average” ".

    • David says:

      Hi Sheryl,

      we'll keep it simple-
      Assume Column A is the students name and Column B contains their grade.

      in C1 type;

      Hope this helps!

  5. venkat says:



    I wnat formula for 100 at time up to 1000









    1 - 5m3= 1Sample
    6 - 15 m3 = 2Samples
    16 - 30 m3= 3Samples
    31 - 50 m3= 4Samples
    51 m3 and above = 4 plus one additional Sample for each additional 50 m3 or part thereof




  9. Aziz says:

    Hi Friends,

    I am facing a problem when I write a formula in Excel.
    The data: when value is upto $200,000 then 3% of the value, more then $200,000 but upto $1,000,000 then 4% and more then $1,00,000 upto $10,000,000 then 5% of the value, how can I write the formula? please help me. its urgent. thanks to all

  10. Innam says:

    I am trying to find out a formula for this one
    eg :
    1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th
    21.80 61.40 120.80 200.00 299.00 417.80 556.40

    if answer has come greater than 300, value should '0'
    in this eg 6th & 7th one should 0.
    if it is come less than 300, value should true value, like 21.8, 61.4, 120.80
    so please help me

  11. Chris says:

    I don't know if this is possible but I want to get a cell to fill a certain color if another one is equal to or less than a certain number and vise versa i.e. if D5 is equal to or less than 84% than B5 will fill a certain color. Thanks.

  12. lie says:

    Dear fren,

    can u all help me for this formula? even the result below -15% and above 15%, its follow the condition at range 10%.

    =IF(AND((-10%)>=Z10=Z10>(-10.001%)),"NEED IMPROVEMENT",IF(AND((-100%)<=Z10<(-15.001%)),"BAD",IF(AND(1%<Z10<=10%),"GOOD",IF(AND(10%<Z1015%,"BAD",FALSE))))))


    • lie says:

      (-0.001%) to (-10%) GOOD
      (-10.001%) to (-15%) NEED IMPROVEMENT
      >(-15.001%) BAD

      0% to 10% GOOD
      10.001% to 15% NEED IMPROVEMENT
      >15.001% BAD

  13. Amy Alexander says:

    I need a formula for the below statement:

    If J4 is between 30 and 60 then enter the number in G4. If not enter 0

  14. Peshiyaboy says:

    hello There,

    try this..


  15. Amit Patel says:

    Hi, I have one sheet where i want to calculate total GST based on percent.

    for example :

    1 Brass Nozzel 7419 1000 10.00 28 10000.00
    2 brass Nipple 1000 100.00 18 100000.00
    3 Brass Valve 1000 100.00 28 100000.00
    4 Brass Cap 1000 10.00 28 10000.00
    5 Brass connector 1000 10.00 18 10000.00
    6 Brass Reducer 1000 100.00 18 100000.00

    here i want total for all amount for 28% in single formula
    and total for all 18% amount in another formula.

    Please help me if possible.

    Thnks in advanced.


  16. diana says:


    I need a formula where I can Min percentage of different cells but ignores the zeros. For example, D4=89%, D15= 70%, D25=0% and D36=60%. How do I get the Min from this?


  17. harry says:


    I would like to write a formula in a cell1 to show that any value equal to or less than cell 1, written in cell 2

    Could some one help!



  18. Chandra KC says:

    Cumulative Random Number
    665 4,680
    1,584 13,031
    2,995 21,382
    3,658 29,733
    4,089 38,084
    5,253 46,435
    5,687 54,786
    6,676 63,137
    7,381 71,488
    8,116 79,839
    8,793 88,190
    11,253 96,541
    13,331 104,892
    13,918 113,243
    14,369 121,594
    How can i find random number equal or just greater than 4,680 in cumulative column by using formula?

  19. ladlaa says:

    Dear I need Your help.
    i have a query in excel.
    if A=B the value come from c. but if A not equal to B, but if cell A and B contain any value from below list then value also come from cell c.
    list:- skt, lyp, lhe, khi

    A = SKT
    B = SKT
    C = 10
    it is easy FORMULA=if(a=b,c,"")
    but if
    A = SKT
    B = LYP
    Both value are from list. therefore result should b c.

    kindly advice formula if possible.
    looking for goods response

  20. Tyrone Rockwood says:

    I have a formula that determines if a date is within a date range.
    I want it to be TRUE IF the date falls between a selected start and end date, as well as IF they start and end date is the same date.
    I'm using the AND function, to determine if it's equal to or greater than the start date, AND equal to or less than the end date.

    =AND('Form Responses 1'!$A8>=$A$4,'Form Responses 1'!$A8 and <, correct?

  21. ladlaa says:

    GOT IT


  22. Mehedi says:


    Column D E
    1 C1
    2 C2
    3 C3
    4 C2
    5 C3
    6 C4
    7 C5
    8 C6

    I want to put the value in column E if C1=10, C2= 20, C=30, C4= 40, C5= 60, C6= 70. What will be the formula??. I tried by using IF(OR fomula but failed. Would you help me?

  23. Steve S says:

    Hi, I have basic knowledge here, so please help... I have 7 horiz. cells 'sun thru sat' (A1:G1) that will each have the total hours worked that day (A2:G2), then I will have the combined total of those 7 cells in the very next cell 'H2'(=SUM(A2:G2). What I want to do is get the number hours in cell 'H2' that are greater then 40 into the next cell 'I2'. Can you please help with that formula... Thanks
    A B C D E F G H I
    1 sun mon tue wed thu fri sat hrs OT
    2 9 8 0 9 0 8 8 42 2

  24. Thanu says:

    I hav 1 doubt, in the cell value is greater than 100, then "a". If the value is less than 100, then "b". If the value is lesser than or equal to zero, then "c". How can i create formula for this...

  25. Steve S says:

    Hi Thanu, Not sure your reply is for my question... If so, then have no idea what your response means. Remember, I have basic knowledge of working with formulas for excel. I'll try again...

    Cell 'H2' should only carry the total hours from cells 'A2:G2', which in the example above has 42 hours. I just wanted a way for cell 'H2' to only reflect 40 hours of the 42, and in cell 'I2' reflect only the 2 remaining hours. This is the only way I can explain what I am after. Thanks

  26. David says:

    I am looking to be able to have a statement that will end result in a highlighted box. I want to be able to say- If (A1*B1*C1).= 16 then.................

  27. David says:

    I meant >=16 then.........

  28. Steve S says:

    Figured it out thanks anyway

  29. Kashif Mehmood says:

    Dear all

    This is the Name sentance SHERBHADURKHAN , this three name SHER BHADUR KHAN how we can spacing in excel sheet through formula , please help me.


  30. Irene says:

    Here's the formula I'm trying to build:

    An employee who works the "night" shift (any number of hours between 8pm and 8am) is paid $10/hour. The employee working the day shift (8am-8pm) earns $20/hour. I have 4 columns: "time in", "time out", "hours worked" and "rate of pay/hour". How should I write the formula that populates the "rate of pay" column based on the shift and number of hours worked?

    Thank you!

  31. Emmanuel says:

    i have a very confusing question with.
    if Housing is < 15,000=10,000 else 15,000

    MUSA 300,000 60000 if Housing is < 15000=10000 else 15000
    JOHN 150,000 27825
    IBRAHIM 150,000 26250
    JAMES 200,000 33740
    STEPHEN 200,000 35300
    please check and give me a nice answer need this for an exam.

  32. Grenilo says:

    How do use a in excel to identify a certain text in another cell?

    Column A has "42A"
    Column B has "31B/42A/88M"

    I want to say if column A is in column B than Column C display "Qualified"

  33. martins says:

    MY TASK:

    My calculator description:

    Condition: Minimum fee 70 EUR.

    1 employee = 5 EUR

    1 operation = 1 EUR

    1 cash register service 40 EUR (not included in the minimum fee)


    The number of your company's employees

    3 work * 5 EUR

    Issued invoices and invoices

    10 pcs * 1 EUR

    Invoices and invoices received

    5 pcs * 1 EUR

    Advance payment checks

    15 pcs * 1 EUR

    Cash registers

    1gab * 40 EUR

    Monthly service fee *

    15 + 10 + 5 + 15 = 45, but not less than 70 EUR, plus cash register 40 EUR. Total amount of 110 EUR

    Help to write formula for this please

  34. Prasad Efreme says:

    I need to get a result for the following;

    Value X = 1.2 (This value can change)

    Value Y = 5


    Value X = 1.6 (This value can change)

    Value Y = 5

    X1.5<2=Y which is 5

  35. abdalla says:

    I need to have a formula for this,

    if the difference between a3 and b3 is less than 800,the results is true if the absolute value of the (a3 and b3) is 200. And if the the difference between a3 and b3 is greater than 800, the results is true if 30 percent multiply by the difference of (a3 and b3) otherwise false

  36. Robb says:

    I need to be able to input a number into cell A2 and have that compare to cell A1 value - if the value of the 'new' number is greater than the compared value, i need to add the difference to the existing value - example: i enter 150 in A2, which is greater than 25 in A1, but the difference is 125 - i want to add 125 to the value in A1 and keep the entry in A2, I have tried the IF in various forms with no luck, would appreciate any help.

  37. Shahzad says:

    I need to know about the formula of below statement.

    count if cell value equal to (-,blank,0) also
    i need contact # like @@@-@@@@@@@ in a cell if value or digits missing then cell not allowed.


  38. Erik says:

    I'm trying to create multiplication math worksheets for young student. I can easily generate random numbers between specified values but I would like to always have the greater value as the top number. Young students get confused if their multiplication problem looks like this:

    How do I randomly generate a number between specified values that will be greater than a randomly generated number in another cell?


  39. Sheraz Khan says:

    Hello Svetlana Cheusheva!

    Your efforts to help students/employees concerning excel formulas are really appreciable.

    I need to know formula for the below statement:
    If we have a column having total marks of students like 60,75,25,115,150,250 etc and I want to show the grades int he next column in front of these values their grades like if less than 50 it is Fail, greater than 50 it is Fair, greater than 100 it is Good, greater than 200 it is Excellent.
    Kindly guide me to write formula.


  40. Stumped says:

    Please Help.
    I've got an array of value's in Colom B, the values are determined by a simple =C1/12 formula.
    But now I want it to do the following.

    If value is LESS than 1, it should change it to 1.
    If value is equal to or greater than 1 is should stay unchanged.

    Is this possible?

  41. calvin says:

    hello..just want to know how can I get the excess night differential if employee worked 8:00am and out 16:00 but he extends his worked to 0:02 the other day, how can I get the night different if it’s start in 10:00pm to 12:00am, I can’t get the total of 2hrs in excess of night differential…thanks

  42. Sam says:

    How can we say, IF 250>a value>=200 then the output would = 200

    I tried IF(250>A1>200,200,b7) but that doesn't seem to work

  43. Renzo says:

    I have two cell to compare and use the smaller value.
    =b12 b13

  44. Person says:

    This did not help at all and it is all wrong

  45. Vicki says:

    I've done this heaps of times before but for some reason I'm struggling today. So, if I want to check if apples <= 10, then flag as"Too Low" or if oranges <= 20, then "Too Low" or if Pineapples <= 30 then "Too Low" The fruit names are in one column and the amounts in the other. I'm trying to string it all together and flag. If anyone can tell me that would be great.

  46. Shery says:

    Why is it that I am getting a 0 value, when I've used the if condition as mentioned above i.e. =IF((C20>C18), C20-C18,C18).

    while I try to get just the greater than value between 2 cells, I get the same 0 value. Is there a mistake in my formula? =C20>C18

    Kindly help

    • Hello Shery,

      For me to understand the problem better, please send me a small sample workbook with your source data and the result you expect to get to support@ablebits.com. Please don't worry if you have confidential information there, we never disclose the data we get from our customers and delete it as soon as the problem is resolved.
      Please also don't forget to include the link to this comment into your email.
      I'll look into your task and try to help.

  47. Arlene says:

    i know this is probably a simple formula that i am just drawing a blank on but i need some help please. if cell A is not equal to $4 i need cell B to make up the difference. But if cell A is equal to or higher i need nothing to show up, cant have any negative numbers.

    more information to help you: cell A is already formulated to be the sum of several other amounts, but if that cell does not equal $4 i need an adjustment cell to make up the difference.

  48. Narendra Kumar Rout says:

    Gross Pay Deduction
    Up to 5,999 150
    6,000 - 7,999 300
    8,000 - 11,999 400
    12,000 - 14,999 500
    15,000 - 19,999 600
    20,000 - 24,999 750
    25,000 - 29,999 850
    30,000 - 34,999 900
    35,000 and above 1000
    How to calculate by using IF formula in Excel please help

    thank you

  49. Topefash says:

    Please i need a formula for the statement bellow
    if value in cell A6 90 & 100 & 110 & =120 print 100%.

    I write is like this =IF(10090,"80%",IF(110100,"90%",IF(120110,"95%",IF(I6>=120,"100%","0"%)))) but is not giving me what i need.

    Please I will appreciate your input.

  50. Marta says:


    I am trying to enter formula into excel to match below:
    > 95% equals 5
    90% - 94.9% equals 4
    85% - 84.9% equals 3
    75 - 85% equals 2
    <75% equals 1

    Could you pleased help me?

  51. Gagan Wason says:


    I am trying to apply a formula to find the greater then:
    C2 = 335
    B2 = 337.5/330.2


    The output is not matching to the logic i am looking for as it giving "False"

    Could you please help me?

  52. umar says:

    kindly tell me how to write this in excel:
    1)greater than 20 and less than 25?
    2)greater than or equal to 20 and less than or equal to 25?

  53. Shivaraj Kumar says:

    Dear Sir/Madam

    Please solve the Problem of the Calculation 0.40 How to convert to 1.00

  54. Shoemaker says:

    Dear Sir,

    I have two columns of text, I understand how to find exact matches through =IF(A2=B2, "Match","No Match") but how can I find partial matches. Such as A1 = "Patient has Sepsis" and B2 = "Sepsis" how can I still report this as a Match when the text is not an exact 100% match? If any text in A1 is found in B1 it should be reported as a Match.

    Thank you for your help,

  55. Shailesh Bhosle says:

    Hello Team,

    I have Name in Column A, Mahesh, Suresh, Kailash, i.e. &
    I have count of their process order count i.e. 20, 30. 40, 0

    I have 4 sheets (1-Dec, 2-Dec, 3-Dec) which is mentioned their name

    I want total individual count in 5th Sheet by their name

    Condition, it should not count if there is zero value, i.e. "0"

  56. Shailesh Bhosle says:

    Hello Team,

    I have Name in Column A, Mahesh, Suresh, Kailash, i.e. &
    I have in column B count of their process order count i.e. 20, 30. 40, 0

    I have 4 sheets (1-Dec, 2-Dec, 3-Dec) which is mentioned their name

    I want total individual count in 5th Sheet by their name

    Condition, it should not count if there is zero value, i.e. "0"

  57. Shailesh Bhosle says:

    Hello Team,

    I have Name in Column A, Mahesh, Suresh, Kailash, i.e. &
    in column B I have count of their process order count i.e. 20, 30. 40, 0

    I have 4 sheets (1-Dec, 2-Dec, 3-Dec) which is mentioned their name

    I want total individual count in 5th Sheet by their name

    Condition, it should not count if there is zero value, i.e. "0"

    • Hello,

      If I understand your task correctly, please try to do the following:

      1. Supposing that your cell A1 on the 5th sheet contains one of the names: Mahesh, Suresh, Kailash, etc.

      2. Enter the following formula in cell B1 on the 5th sheet:


      Hope this will help you with your task.

  58. Christina Gray says:

    Hi, this is probably an easy one for you but I can't get it right. If the cells A2-A11 have the value of B2 to display the value in C2. If the cells do not have the value from B2 the cells should be blank. I have the formula =IF(A2:A11=B2,"C2"," "). What am I doing wrong?

  59. Mohammad Zeb says:


    What does it means

  60. Marvin Wanjala says:

    I have a question. I want an Excel sheet to give me this.

    In my cell I am subtracting A5-A6. If the answer is less than 60, I want to return 0. If it is 60 or more, I want the correct subtraction. How do I do that?

  61. Phil Botha says:

    Please can you assist me to find a formula as follows:
    I'm using symbols like OD for Off-day and A for Absent in a cell above the daily rate cell. When you type in OD or A above the daily rate cell, the daily rate should change to zero. When you type in PL for Paid Leave or SL for Sick Leave the daily rate stays the same. I also fill in the hours worked in the symbol cell with the daily rate that should change to the amount of hours worked.

    • Hello,
      For me to understand the problem better, please send me a small sample workbook with your source data and the result you expect to get to support@ablebits.com. Please don't worry if you have confidential information there, we never disclose the data we get from our customers and delete it as soon as the problem is resolved.
      Please also don't forget to include the link to this comment into your email.
      I'll look into your task and try to help.

  62. Scott says:


    We are using Letter "M" to indicate monitoring in 1 column. At the bottom of the column we use =COUNTIF(R2:R1515,"m") to count the number of projects monitored. This shows a number of 813. When I select the column from R2-R1515 usuing mouse the number shows 816. I have made sure all "M" are M and not M with a space. What am I missing? How do I correct?

  63. george says:

    Imagine a magic square 816
    and there is a lucky wheel which is rotating and contains those 9 numbers.What i need is to count each column and row.(for ex.if number 8 comes i put 1 on first row and first column,if then 4 comes i put 2 at first column and1 on first and 1 on third...so is like counting rows and columns:))T
    The question here is the Equivalence!!.I want aformula that understand the equivalence.(for example if anumber for comes and then 5,in order to have 111 in arow and 111in columns what the next number should come is number 5,yes?so ineed the formula to understand the equivalence andCHOOCE that square.

    thank you

  64. george says:

    sorry in my previous..... if number 4 comes..and then 6 ,in orden the rows and columns to be equivalence the next number should be 5...So the formula must choose!that number that makes columns and rows equivalence

  65. george says:


  66. nina says:

    how do i say this in one formula for cell E9

    IF THEN E9

    E8>80 THEN PASS
    E8<80 THEN FAIL
    E8=inc THEN INC

  67. Santosh Singh says:

    Hi, can you assist me to find the formula as under

    I want to create a formula: if B1 is greater than 44000 but B1 is less then 46000 then computer show the result (in Excel) as 45200

  68. ahamed says:

    How to tell following criteria in if function

    Employees who are in grade 1 are subject to 1% of basic salary
    Emoloyees in grade 2 are subjected to 2% of basic salary
    Employees in grade 3 are subjected to 3% of basic salary

    Calculate the service cost for each vehicle using the “Logical IF” considering table below. (All values in LKR)

    Car Van Lorry Bus Truck Motorbike
    Full 3500 4000 5000 5500 6000 1350
    Wash 500 500 750 800 750 350

  69. Karan says:

    Dear sir

    A<b (A*3/100)

  70. colin says:


    is this formula correct?

  71. Jennifer says:

    Desperate for help. Have a spreadsheet in which complaints have been given numerical value. How do I get the actual text value to come up in a new column?

    1 Broken Tube (pre-meal)
    2 Broken Tube (post-meal 1st hr)
    3 Broken Tube (post-meal 2nd hr)
    4 Broken Tube (post-meal 3rd hr)
    5 Broken Tube (post-meal 4th hr)
    6 Patient Nausea
    7 Missing Spirulina/Egg
    8 Missing Mixing Cup
    9 Missing Straws
    10 Missing Utensils
    11 Missing Crackers
    12 Missing Water Cup
    13 Missing Test Req Form
    14 Unpleasant Taste
    15 Patient Vomited
    16 Prescription/Medicine Interaction
    17 Data Transfer Issue
    18 Gastro Intestinal Issues (burping)
    19 Broken tube return shipment (Multiple)
    20 Barcode Mismatch
    21 Missing Return Label
    22 Missing Breath Tube
    23 Discrepency In Reporting

    So that if a line item notes for instance that complaint number 22 was issued, then in cell K3 Missing Breath Tube would show... and exclude all others.

  72. Marie says:

    Good day

    What is the formula for: if F2 is smaller than or equal to 40 then subtract 5 from F2 and if F2 greater than or equal to 50 add 10 to F2.


  73. Noor says:

    I want to learn a formula for
    if A1 is greater then B1 then show the result in C1 and but A1 is less than B1 than 0 or Nill will show in C1

    i am trying
    But its not working

    Could you help me out.
    Thanks In Advance

  74. Vivian Pillay says:


    I have used the "or" function to test missing fields, with a output of True or False. True if required fields are entered and False if any of the Fields are missing. I would like to know if there is way excel can List which fields that are missing which result in the False output

  75. Vishal says:


    If A5 is less than 10 then value become in B5 should be 0
    And if If A6 is 11 then value become in B6 should be 50
    And if A7 is 12 then value becomes in B7 is 100.

    Please help.

  76. Vishal says:

    Its working

  77. Steve says:

    how do I find matches between column's. column a contains 5000 items and column b contains 6000.

  78. pk says:

    Here we go - I have a simple formula that I am using:


    What I need is to make K2 a constant. I've tried making it an absolute (ABS), but I think I'm just not putting it in the right place in the equation. One, it's a fixed number in the spreadsheet, and two, it will prevent the formula from going to K3,K4,K5,etc as I pull it down.

    Any help would be great.

  79. Michael Simpson says:


    I am struggling with a formula to look at a field containing the time of an accident report after the event. I am trying to get information of 4 ranges of time taken. 0-10 days, 11-30 days, 41-60 days and 60+ days.

    There is another field that has the team names in it and ideally ide like to have a breakdown of how many times a team has submitted reports late and by how many days from the 4 ranges above.

    Many thanks


  80. Amanda says:

    IF A2= Amanda and E2=2/13/18, and I have information put on another sheet that changes weekly. How do I change E2 to the newest data, but keeping it only to A2? Mind you data in the other sheet is not always in same order, so it would have to find it.

  81. Josar Alentejo Empron says:

    Please give me formula of 10x5= 50

  82. fuzzamz says:

    I have a query related to if or might be nested if.
    The case is as below

    I have a calculated field for number of days (Cell A - Cell B)for e.g 150 and target is 180 days. The delta here is 30 days, it can be positive as well as negative. I want put a formula that would allow me to fix a range that number of to be multiplied by 2.5% and the result should not be more than 25% and should not go below -25%.

    Awaiting your support.


  83. Adam J says:


    I need help on the following excel IF statement in which if cell E1 is either Carbon or Alloy and then uder cells F1 thru to K1 is either between those numbers the it should come back as PASS otherwise it should be FAIL.

    =IF(AND(E1=”Carbon”, OR((F12.1,G11.5,H10.5,I0.3,J0.25,K11.5)),”FAIL”,IF(AND(E15=”Alloy”, OR((F11.5,G15,H11,I11,J15,K115)),”FAIL”,”PASS”))

    For some reason I have tried so many ways and still no luck in getting the words PASS or FAIL to be added to any cells.

    I would love your support on this.


  84. Andre Crawford says:

    I have a problem, can you please assist.
    I need to calculate a value,
    Thus in words " if value A > value B and value A < value C; Return value D. This then needs to compare with 10 similar logical arguments, but only one answer can be correct.
    How should my formula look like if the only constant is value A.


    • Doug says:

      Not exactly sure what you're looking for, but here's how you find the first part of your question. Where the values are in columns A through E.
      In words this formula says, "If A1 is greater than B1 and A1 is less than C1 then return D1 otherwise return E1."
      This is as far as I can follow your question.

  85. Elissa Mortimer says:

    How do I set negative numbers in an IF function in excel? For example =IF(BK2-1)

    • Doug says:

      Enter a negative number in a formula by enclosing it in a parenthesis, like this:

  86. OJ Daffodil says:

    Good Afternoon, Thank you for this site. You have gotten me further than I ever thought I would get doing this.

    However, I am stuck on this formula. =IF(OR(D3>10000,D320%,E3 +/- 10000 AND > +/- 20% need a new plan.

    Any help would be GREATLY APPRECIATED!!!!!

  87. OJ Daffodil says:

    Do not know why it cut some of question. The formula gives a false positive, need the formula to meet both requirements, not one.

    =IF(OR(D4>10000,D420%,E4<-20%),"Amendment Required","No Amendment required")

    • Doug says:

      Hello, OJ:
      You've posted two similar but different questions which one contains the correct logic you want to use?

  88. OJ Daffodil says:

    Sorry about that. Column F has to be able to determine whether a new amendment is needed and has to meet both column D & E criteria. When one is true in the formula below it gives a false positive I.e., amendment required. I have tried dozens and dozens of different formulas without any true success.

    =IF(OR(D4>10000,E4>20%,D4<-10000,E4<-20%),"Amendment Required","No Amendment required")

  89. Jasmine says:

    I'm working on performance review spreadsheets and I need a formula that will show me:

    If >1 but 2 but <3 "Inconsistent to Proficient" and if = 2 ""Inconsistent" and if =3 then "Proficient"

    • Doug says:

      The logic isn't clear.
      Both 2 and 3 are greater than 1, so the formula will break.
      Should the first statement be:
      If cell value =1 then "Inconsistent to Proficient" ?
      Is there a score greater than 1 but less than 3 that is not 2?

  90. FMcL says:


    I'm trying to compare two cells with equal $ values, but different formulas, with =A1=A2. Sometimes I get TRUE, sometimes FALSE.

    The $ values are definitely the same!

    Any help would be appreciated.

    Thank you

  91. arun says:

    i want a formula for

    4515 to be rounded to near 90's or 150's as per the situation be

    eg, if i got 2030 then the formula should bring the answer as 2050, and if there is a value as 1010 then it should round it to 990

    if the value is more than 120 then it should round it to near it's 150s and if the value is less than 120 then it should round it to near it's 90's

    plz help

  92. iend says:

    please help me about this

    when I set or input value in a cell I would like it to return its value to 0 when I hit enter and the data will be added to another cell which is the total in excel thank you so much in advance in your reply

    new value= 1(a1) total value= 10(a2) this is whats on my mind that will happened

    new value=0 (a1) total value= 11(a@)

    thank you in advance

  93. Danny says:


    trying to use another sheet as a reference while using the a cell from the original sheet to dictate which cell data from the other sheet to pull.

    =(PROJECT.xlsx!('[ACESII Kit Time Change 1574.xlsx]sheet1'$A$1)_DOM)

    -project is the 2ed sheet
    -acesii time change is the original sheet. *this sheet is the sheet the formula will be placed in.*
    -the "_dom" is the last four characters of each cell name in the 2ed data sheet. ex (wwc51_dom) (wwc21_dom)
    - the second formula is the one i came up with but it isn't working. what i want is to use a cell from the original excel sheet to be my (WWC#), so that when i change the cell with the (WWC#) the formula placed on a different cell within the original sheet will display the WWC# information from the 2ed sheet.
    ex: cell will read WWC51_DOM *DATE* / when i change the WWC# to WWC21_DOM, it'll pull WWC21 dates.
    -1st & 2ed sheets are different excel documents
    -sorry for the complicated question if theres a better way or if you could fix this it'd be greatly appreciated. Thanks

    • Doug says:

      I think what you're trying to accomplish can be done via a VLOOKUP formula.
      Take a look at the articles here on AbleBits dealing with VLOOKUP or even INDEX/MATCH and see what you think.
      If you need help after that post another question with some sample data if you can.

  94. EVARIST says:

    HELP ME WITH THIS; =IF(A4>=14500+A4),IF(A4<14500+0

    • Doug says:

      The statement in this cell is incomplete.
      Right now it says, If A4 is greater than or equal to 14,500 + A4 or if A4 is less than 14,500 and this is as far as the statement goes.
      What do you want to display in this cell?
      What are you trying to say with the statement?

  95. Demi says:

    If cell A has 900,000 as value and Cell B returns varied value i.e 200,000, I want Cell C to record the difference between the addition of cell A & B only when the value is above 1000000. For example Cell C will record 100,000. If the value in cell B is 300000, then C will return a value of 200,000.

  96. JOSEPH says:

    I NEED FORMULA FOR A function if we multiply (3*v33) is=f the value less than or eqaul to 150, then it should come 150 in BA36 column


  97. Antonis Paraskevopoulos says:

    I have tried to entered the following formula:
    that when the H16 is greater to 8 it works (and results: 8) BUT when it is between the 0 and 8, the logical result is FALSE (!!!!) and results also 8!!!!

    Any idea?
    Thank you in advance.

  98. Patricia says:

    Thank you so much!
    I came across your page while looking for a way to display a value only if A1-B1 is greater than zero and this worked perfectly!

    The logical formula was more appropriate in my case because it was for accounting. When I used the IF formula, a big fat FALSE was placed in all of the cells where the formula was false, whereas, with the logical formula, those cells displayed only a dash in the center.

    Thank you again!

  99. Charlie says:

    I would like to use an operator to identify a word contained in a phrase to create a list.

    Simple IFS formula can't seem to find a word in a phrase.
    Is there an operator for if a word is contained in a phrase?

    I am trying to label a list in a column, say column A. Each item in Column A contains a phrase. In column B I want to be able to label the phrase in column A based on whether it contains that word.
    For ex:
    Column A:
    A1: TownPetShop8009898999
    A2: CVSdrugs898474747

    Column B: I would like to label Column B as follows:
    If it's "Pet", it would enter "Pet supplies " in Column B
    If it's "CVS", it would enter "Pharmacy " in Column B

    The problem is that the entrees in Column A vary, but will contain the key words such as "CVS" or "Pet" mixed with other info that varies from cell to cell.
    Any ideas?

  100. Doug says:

    As you have discovered an IFS statement won't work when you are searching for a substring within a string. However, using IF and SEARCH together along with ISNUMBER will produce the result you want.
    There are some fancier ways to get there and I will leave it to you to discover those on your own, but this is a simple method and it works just fine. Where TownPetShop8009898999 is in A89 enter this in B89.
    =IF(A89="","",IF(ISNUMBER(SEARCH("*PET*",A89)),"Pet Supplies")) Any string containing "Pet" will return "Pet Supplies".
    You can do the same with the CVS string.

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